Caturvarna, Cāturvarṇa, Caturvarṇa, Catur-varna: 3 definitions


Caturvarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturvarna.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvarna in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cāturvarṇa (चातुर्वर्ण).—The four castes; Viṣṇu, their creator and protector;1 originated by the four sons of Suvratā, daughter of Dakṣa;2 people observe svadharma in Kṛta, attain change in Treta, become weak in Dvāpara and lose all character in the Kali age;3 fresh impetus by Śaunaka and by Bhārgabhūmi.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 5; III. 72. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 5-6, 8.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 67; 97. 36; 100. 44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 65.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 168. 8-12.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 6, 20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of caturvarna in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturvarṇa (चतुर्वर्ण).—1. the four classes or castes of the Hindus; i. e. ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य (brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya) and शूद्र (śūdra); चतुर्वर्णमयो लोकः (caturvarṇamayo lokaḥ) R.1.22.

2) four principal colours.

Derivable forms: caturvarṇaḥ (चतुर्वर्णः).

Caturvarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and varṇa (वर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvarṇa (चतुर्वर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) 1. The four classes of Hindus. 2. Four principal colours. 3. Four letters. E. catur, and varṇa tribe.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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