Caturvarga, Catur-varga: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caturvarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturvarga.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvarga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग) refers to the “four aims of life”, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to Thee, the self-contemplator, the unchanging, the holder of great suzerainty and glory. Never be ruthless unto them who resort to the four aims of life (caturvarga) and desire the cherished final goal. Obeisance to Thee O Siva”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvarga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग).—m S The four objects of human pursuit collectively, viz. virtue, love, wealth, final beatitude, or dharma, kāma, artha, mōkṣa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग).—the four ends of human life taken collectively (puruṣārtha); i. e. धर्म, अर्थ, काम (dharma, artha, kāma) and मोक्षः (mokṣaḥ); चतुर्वर्गफलं ज्ञानं कालावस्थाश्चतुर्युगाः (caturvargaphalaṃ jñānaṃ kālāvasthāścaturyugāḥ) R.1.22.

Derivable forms: caturvargaḥ (चतुर्वर्गः).

Caturvarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. The four objects of human pursuit collectively see caturbhadra. 2. Any assemblage of four things. E. catur four, and varga class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग).—m. 1. any assemblage of four things, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 8, M.M. 2. the four objects of human pursuit, viz. wealth, pleasure, virtue, and final beatitude, [Rāghavānanda, Sch. ad [Mānavadharmaśāstra]] 10, 23.

Caturvarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग).—[masculine] a collection of four; [especially] the four chief objects (virtue, pleasure, wealth, and final beatitude; cf. trivarga).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvarga (चतुर्वर्ग):—[=catur-varga] [from catur > catasṛ] m. a collection of 4 things (e.g. = bhadra), [Raghuvaṃśa x, 23; Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra i, 15; Hitopadeśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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