Caturdvipa, Caturdvīpa, Catur-dvipa: 2 definitions


Caturdvipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdvipa.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdvipa in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Caturdvīpa (चतुर्द्वीप) or simply Dvīpa refers to the “four continents” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 120):

  1. Pūrvavideha in the east,
  2. Jambudvīpa in the centre,
  3. Aparagodānī in the west,
  4. Uttarakurudvīpa in the north.

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., catur-dvīpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdvipa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cāturdvīpa (चातुर्द्वीप).—also semi-MIndic cātudvīpa (1) adj. (= Pali cātuddīpa; from catur-dvīpa plus -a), (ruler) of the earth consisting of four continents, ep. of a cakravartin: Mv i.49.2; 52.8; 108.7; 114.13; 193.14; 220.2 = ii.22.3; ii.158.14; iii.102.15; ep. of rājya, rulership: Mv i.95.2, 4; (2) adj. and subst., consisting of the four continents, ep. of the earth: °pāṃ mahīṃ Mv i.208.4 (corrupt in mss.) = ii.12.13; as subst., gender uncertain (f. would be expected, recorded forms ambiguous): daśacātudvīpanayutānāṃ… madhyama cātudvīpa, the midmost world of ten nayutas of worlds, Gv 254.6—7 (verses; final short a perhaps m.c. for ā ?); cāturdvīpeśvaro, lord of the whole world, Dbh.g. 53(79).2 (as subst., without other noun; compare caturdvī°).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of caturdvipa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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