Caturdashi, Catur-dasi, Cātuddasī, Caturdaśī, Catur-dashi, Catuddasi: 8 definitions
Caturdashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Caturdaśī can be transliterated into English as Caturdasi or Caturdashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdashi.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी) refers to the “14th day of a fortnight”, according to the Śivapurāṇa:
In the month of Māgha: “the worship of Śiva shall be performed on Sundays, Caturdaśī (fourteenth) day of the dark half of the month of Māgha on the Ārdrā star and on the Mahārdrā day. It accords all cherished desires”.
In the month of Kārttika: “on the Caturdaśī (14th day) of the month of Kārttika (October-November), she worshipped and meditated on Lord Śiva, offering sweet pies and puddings”.
In the month of Phālguna (February-March): “on the fourteenth day [Caturdaśī] of the dark half of Phālguna, she kept awake in the night and performed special worship of Śiva with Bilva fruits and leaves in every period of three hours”.
In the month of Caitra (March-April): “on the Caturdaśī day of the bright half of Caitra she worshipped Śiva with Palāśa and Damana flowers day and night. She spent (the rest of) the month remembering Him”.
In the month of Āṣāḍha (June-July): “on the Caturdaśī day in the bright half of Āṣāḍha wearing a black cloth, she worshipped Rudra with Bṛhatī flowers.
In the month of Śrāvaṇa (July-August): “on the eighth and fourteenth (Caturdaśī) days in the bright half of Śrāvaṇa, she worshipped Śiva with holy sacred threads and cloths”.
In the month of Bhādra (August-September): “after worshipping Śiva with various fruits and flowers on the thirteenth day in the dark half of Bhādra she took only water on the fourteenth day (Caturdaśī)”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी) refers to one of the various “lunar days” (tithi):—There are approximately 29.5 lunar days in a lunar month. The first fifteen days begin with the first phase of the waxing moon (pratipat) and end with the full moon (pūrṇimā). [...] In accordance with the lunar day, one would utter, [for example, caturdaśī-tithau].
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
cātuddasī : (f.) the 14th day of a fortnight.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Cātuddasī: (f.) (to catuddasa fourteen) the 14th day of the lunar half month A. I, 144. PvA. 55; VvA. 71, 99, 129. With pancadasī, aṭṭhamī & pāṭihāriyapakkha at Sn. 402; Vv 155. °dasika belonging to the 14th day at Vin. IV, 315;
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी).—f (S) The fourteenth lunar day.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी).—f The fourteenth lunar day.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी).—the fourteenth day of a lunar fortnight.
Caturdaśī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and daśī (दशी).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Caturdaśī (चतुर्दशी):—[=catur-daśī] [from catur-daśa > catur > catasṛ] a f. ([scilicet] rātri) the 14th day in a lunar fortnight, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra ii; iv, 7; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra ii, 3; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]
2) [=catur-daśī] [from catur > catasṛ] b See śa.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Anandacaturdashi, Anantacaturdashi, Bhutacaturdashi, Campakacaturdashi, Damanaka-caturdashi, Ghatacaturdashi, Ghayalacaturdashi, Kalicaturdashi, Krishnacaturdashi, Madanacaturdashi, Narakacaturdashi, Nrisimhacaturdashi, Pashanacaturdashi, Pishacacaturdashi, Sarvaphalatyagacaturdashi, Shastrahatacaturdashi, Shivacaturdashi, Vaikunthacaturdashi.
Full-text (+76): Anantacaturdashi, Shivacaturdashi, Caturdashishanti, Campakacaturdashi, Vaikunthacaturdashi, Krishnacaturdashi, Bhutacaturdashi, Madanacaturdashi, Gopadeshvara, Shivaratri, Guhyeshvaritirtha, Guhyeshvara, Pashanacaturdashi, Kantitirtha, Sarvaphalatyagacaturdashivrata, Shivacaturdashivrata, Caudasa, Pishacacaturdashi, Kalapakkha, Damanaka-caturdashi.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Caturdashi, Catur-dasi, Cātuddasī, Caturdaśī, Catur-dashi, Catuddasi, Cātur-dasī, Cātu-dasī, Catu-dasi, Catur-daśī, Catur-dasi, Caturdasi; (plurals include: Caturdashis, dasis, Cātuddasīs, Caturdaśīs, dashis, Catuddasis, dasīs, daśīs, Caturdasis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 222 - Decision Regarding Caturdaśī Śrāddha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 35 - Vaikuntha Caturdaśī Vrata < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 4 - The Importance of Caturadaśī < [Section 3 - Brāhmottara-khaṇḍa]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.128 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 2.106 < [Section XX - Non-observance of Holidays]
Verse 4.114 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 94 - Restraints during the Kārtika Vow < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 174 - The Rise of Nṛsiṃha < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 154 - Khaḍgadhāreśvara (Khaḍgadhāra-īśvara) < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 10 - The five-fold activities (pañcakṛtya) and the Oṃkāra-mantra < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 2 - Answers Clarifying the Doubts of the Sages < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 15 - The Sacred rites of Nandā and Hymn to Śiva < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)