Caturdashapurvi, Caturdaśapūrvī, Caturdasha-purvi: 1 definition

Introduction

Caturdashapurvi means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Caturdaśapūrvī can be transliterated into English as Caturdasapurvi or Caturdashapurvi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdashapurvi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Caturdaśapūrvī (चतुर्दशपूर्वी) or Caturdaśapūrvin refers to “authoritative knowledge of 14 pūrvas” and represents one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary (or prodigy) knowledge of fourteen pūrvas (caturdaśapūrvī-riddhi)? This is the complete knowledge of the fourteen pūrvas.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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