Caturbhaga, Catubhāga, Caturbhāga, Catur-bhaga, Catubhaga: 11 definitions


Caturbhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturbhaga.

In Hinduism

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग) or Caturaṃśa refers to “four-parts” (i.e., one-fourth) in Bhinna (“fractions”) and Bhāga (“unit fractions”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—In the Śulba, unit fractions are denoted by the use of a cardinal number with the term bhāga or aṃśa; thus pañcadaśa-bhāga (“fifteen-parts”) is equivalent to one-fifteenth, sapta-bhāga (“seven-parts”) is equivalent to one-seventh, and so on [e.g., caturbhāga].

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Caturbhaga in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग) refers to “one fourth measure” (of ingredients), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The tenth Adhyāya prescribes antidotes for Rājilā snake venom.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse X.21-24: “A detailed fumigation regimen is prescribed to be administered for the snake-bite victim either in the afternoon, dusk or evening or at all the three times either individually or with the following multiple ingredients [like one fourth measure of Kāntāpuśpa] [...]”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturbhaga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग).—the fourth part, a quarter.

Derivable forms: caturbhāgaḥ (चतुर्भागः).

Caturbhāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and bhāga (भाग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग).—m.

(-gaḥ) Fourth part. E. catur and bhāga a share.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग).—m. a 4th part, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 176.

Caturbhāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and bhāga (भाग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग).—[masculine] the fourth part, a quarter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग):—[=catur-bhāga] [from catur > catasṛ] m. the 4th part, quarter, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xxiv; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. forming the 4th part of ([genitive case]), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhāga (चतुर्भाग):—[catur-bhāga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Fourth part.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caturbhaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturbhaga in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Catubhāga the 4th part, a quarter Dh. 108;

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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