Caturasya, Caturāsya, Catura-asya: 3 definitions


Caturasya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturasya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Caturasya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caturāsya (चतुरास्य).—A heroic asura. Once he fell in love with Rambhā, and on his request Svayamprabhā, Rambhā’s attendant, won over her mistress to the asura. The asura, Rambhā and Svayamprabhā then shifted their residence to a beautiful palace built in south India by Maya for Caturāsya. But, Indra who felt Rambhā’s absence badly came down to earth, killed Caturāsya and took Rambhā back with him. Indra cursed Svayamprabhā to remain on earth. And, he told her that she should welcome and treat well the monkeys who would be arriving there in their quest of Sītā, and then she would get redemption from the curse. The above facts were revealed by Svayamprabhā herself while welcoming the monkeys. (Kampa Rāmāyaṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Caturāsya (चतुरास्य) refers to “(one who has) four faces”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...]  [The Causal Vajra-holder] is white in color, [has] four faces (caturāsya), [has] three eyes [on each], [has] twelve arms, is devoted to the yoga of union with wisdom (his female consort), and is adorned with youthful ornaments. [His four faces are], counterclockwise, white, green, red, and yellow [in color, respectively]. [He has] twisted locks of hair and has a crossed vajra and a crescent moon on the face (head). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturasya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caturāsya (ಚತುರಾಸ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಚತುರಾನನ [caturanana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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