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Caturaśra, aka: Catur-ashra; 4 Definition(s)


Caturaśra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Caturaśra can be transliterated into English as Caturashra or Caturasra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Caturaśra (चतुरश्र):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Caturaśra is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Caturaśra (चतुरश्र, “square”).—One of three main types of playhouses, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.7-8. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.86-92, “ A plot of land, thirty-two cubits in length and breadth, is to be measured out in an auspicious moment, and on it the playhouse should be erected by experts in dramatic art. Rules, definitions and propitiatory ceremonies mentioned before [in case of a playhouse of the oblong (vikṛṣṭa) type] will also apply in case of that of the square type”

2) Caturasra (चतुरस्र) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Caturasra (चतुरस्र).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);—(Instructions): Two Kaṭakāmukha hands held forward eight Aṅgulīs away [from one’s chest,] the two shoulders and elbows on the same level. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas.

2) Caturasra (चतुरस्र).—The Vaiṣṇava Sthāna with the two hands moving about at the waist, and the navel together with the breast raised, is called the Caturasra of the limbs.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Caturaśra (square): Kaṭaka-mukha hands are held before the chest. Patron deity Varāhi. Usage: churning, Jakkiṇī-naṭana, holding, milking, covering with cloths, wearing pearls, dragging ropes, tying the girdle, tying the bodice, holding flowers, etc., plying the fly-whisk.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Relevant definitions

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Relevant text

Search found 79 books containing Caturaśra or Catur-ashra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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