Catuma, Cātumā: 2 definitions
Catuma means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A Sakiyan village containing a mote hall; near it was the Amalakivana where the Buddha once stayed and preached the Catuma Sutta (M.i.456f.; MA.ii.660).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahySource: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Cātumā (चातुमा) is the name of ancient Śākya village in the vicinity of Kapilavatthu: an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Kapilavatthu the capital of the Śākya country, named after the Ṛṣi Kapila. The Lalitavistara calls [Kapilavatthu as] Kapilavastu and sometimes Kapilapura or Kapilāhvayapura. According to Yuan Chwang it was about 500 li south-east from the neighbourhood of Srāvastī. Besides Kapilavastu there were also other Śākya towns: Cātumā, Sāmagāma, Ulumpā, Devadaha, Sakkara, Sīlavatī and Khomadussa.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Catuma, Cātumā; (plurals include: Catumas, Cātumās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
The Life of Sariputta (by Nyanaponika Thera)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
IV. How do we know that the Buddha is fearless? < [Part 1 - The four fearlessnesses of the Buddha according to the Abhidharma]
The Buddha and His Disciples (by Venerable S. Dhammika)