Catuhshashti, Catuḥṣaṣṭi, Catur-shashti: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Catuhshashti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Catuḥṣaṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Catuhsasti or Catuhshashti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chatuhshashti.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Catuhshashti in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि) refers to “sixty-four Yoginīs” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] His body is adorned on the left (by his consort) and he is adorned with a garland of wild flowers. He wears earrings made of snakes and his sacred thread is Vāsuki. The Lord is adorned with tinkling anklets and sits on a ghost in the lotus posture. He is adorned with the five insignia and a garland of severed heads that hangs from his neck up to his feet. He dances with the bliss of wine and is accompanied by heroes and Bhairavas. Sixty-four Yoginīs [i.e., catuḥṣaṣṭi] and great mothers encompass him. He is endowed with sixty-four energies and adorned with ghosts and demons. O Śambhu, Bhairava is said to have as his seat (āsana) the Supreme Goddess”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Catuhshashti in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Catuṣṣaṣṭi (चतुष्षष्टि) refers to “sixty-four (crores of Gaṇas)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.40 (“The Marriage Procession of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The brilliant Lokāntaka, Daityāntaka, lord Bhṛṅgiriṭi, the glorious Devapriya, Aśani and Bhānuka went with sixtyfour crores. Others in jovial mood went in thousands with Śiva to attend his marriage, O sage. A thousand crores of Bhūtas aud three crores of Pramathas went. Vīrabhadra went with sixtyfour crores of Gaṇas and three crores of Romajas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Catuhshashti in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि) is another name for the Ekaviṃśatisthānaka (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Catuhshashti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि).—a. or f.

1) sixty-four.

2) N. for the Ṛigveda consisting 64 Adhyāyas. °कलाः (kalāḥ) (pl.) the sixty-four arts.

Catuḥṣaṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and ṣaṣṭi (षष्टि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि).—f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. The number sixty-four. 2. The Rig Veda. 3. Art science collectively, supposed to comprise sixty-four branches. E. catur four, and ṣaṣṭi sixty; before ṣa, ra becomes Visarga. caturadhikā ṣaṣṭiḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि).—f. sixty-four, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 338. Pañcaṣº, i. e.

Catuḥṣaṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and ṣaṣṭi (षष्टि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि):—[=catuḥ-ṣaṣṭi] [from catuḥ > catasṛ] f. 64 [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 5, 8; Manu-smṛti viii, 338; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the 64 Kalās, [Mahābhārata ii, 2068]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of [Ṛg-veda] (consisting of 64 Adhyāyas), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuḥṣaṣṭi (चतुःषष्टि):—(ṣṭiḥ) 2. f. The number sixty-four; Rig-veda; science supposed to have 64 branches.

[Sanskrit to German]

Catuhshashti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Catuhshashti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Catuṣṣaṣṭi (ಚತುಷ್ಷಷ್ಟಿ):—[adjective] totalling sixty four.

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Catuṣṣaṣṭi (ಚತುಷ್ಷಷ್ಟಿ):—[noun] the cardinal number sixty four; 64.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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