Carvaka, aka: Cārvāka; 7 Definition(s)


Carvaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charvaka.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Cārvāka (चार्वाक) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra  verse 1.5-7.—“At a previous time, when Pārvatī asked him, Śaṅkara told of the attainments of vidyā in the wide worldly life, in various ways. I observed each teaching taught also by the troops of Gods, Siddhas (those who have attained supernatural power), Munis (saints), Deśikas (spiritual teachers), and Sādhakas (tantric practicioners). They are [, for example]: Cārvāka... I shall carefully extract all the above-mentioned āgamas, which are transmitted from mouth to mouth, like butter extracted from coagulated milk”.

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Carvaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

1) Cārvāka (चार्वाक).—A Rākṣasa, who was a close friend of Duryodhana. The following story is told about how he happened to become Duryodhana’s friend.

In the Kṛtayuga this Rākṣasa did tapas to please Brahmā at Badaryāśrama, and Brahmā gave him the boon that he would be safe from all beings. Then he went round the world troubling brahmins, who, at last sought refuge in Brahmā, and he pacified them with the assurance that Cārvāka would become a friend of Duryodhana when he would insult Brahmins and be reduced to ashes in the fire of their anger.

Accordingly Cārvāka became a friend of Duryodhana. When, after the great war, Dharmaputra entered Hastināpura with his followers thousands of brahmins gathered around and blessed him. Cārvāka also disguised as a brahmin came there and condemning Dharmaputra as an enemy of his own people cursed him. The brahmins recognised him and cursed him to ashes. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapters 38, 39).

2) Cārvāka (चार्वाक).—Certain Sanskrit texts refer to another Cārvāka, a philosopher in ancient India. He was an atheist. He controverted in a powerful manner the belief in the existence of heaven and hell after death.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Cārvāka (चार्वाक).—A Rākṣasa, who was a close friend of Duryodhana. He took the form of a brāhmaṇa and tried to condemn Yudhiṣṭhira as an enemy of the people. He was recognized by the brāhmaṇas who then chanted mantras turning him into ashes.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Carvaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

cārvāka (चार्वाक).—m (S) An atheist or infidel of a certain form. His main tenets are The eternity of the present succession of causes and effects, the non-existence of a future state, and that death is the only mōkṣa or emancipation. Ex. kiṃ vēdāntāpuḍhēṃ cā0 || kiṃ śaṅkarāpuḍhēṃ maśyaka ||.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cārvāka (चार्वाक).—m An atheist.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cārvāka (चार्वाक).—[cāruḥ lokasaṃmato vākovākyaṃ yasya, pṛṣo° Tv.]

1) Name of a sophistical philosopher (said to have been a pupil of Brihaspati), who propounded the grossest form of atheism or materialism (for a summary of the doctrines of Chārvāka; see Sarva. S.1.).

2) A follower of the philosophy of Chārvākā चार्वाकाणामिवैषां हि भयं न परलोकतः (cārvākāṇāmivaiṣāṃ hi bhayaṃ na paralokataḥ) Rāj. T.4.345.

3) Name of a Rākṣasa described in the Mahābhārata, as a friend of Duryodhana and an enemy of the Pāndavas. [When Yudhiṣṭhira entered Hastināpura in triumph, he assumed the form of a Brāhmaṇa and reviled him and the assembled Brāhmaṇas, but he was soon detected, and the real Brāhmaṇas, filled with fury, are said to have killed him on the spot. He also tried to deceive Yudhiṣṭhira at the end of the great war by telling him that Bhīma was slain by Duryodhana; see Ve.6].

Derivable forms: cārvākaḥ (चार्वाकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cārvāka (चार्वाक) or Cārvvāka.—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sophist, a philosopher; one acquainted with the doctrines of the schools, a sceptic n many matters of Hindu faith, and considered by the orthodox as an atheist or materialist. 2. Name of an old philosopher a pupil of Brihaspati who taught the rankest form of Atheism E. cāru good, beautiful, and vāka discourse. cāruḥ lokasammato vāko vākyaṃ yasya pṛṣo0 . vṛhaspatiśiṣye .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cārvākamata (चार्वाकमत).—.Derivable forms: cārvākamatam (चार्वाकमतम्).Cārvākamata is a Sanskrit...
Darśana (दर्शन) refers to “receiving a blessed sight of the deity”.—A pūjā involves three actio...
Nāstika (नास्तिक, “heterodox systems”).—Some other systems of Indian Philosophy do not accept t...
Ājīvaka (आजीवक).—1) A beggar, one who earns his livelihood everywhere.2) See आजीविकः (ājīvikaḥ)...
Parikara (परिकर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who or what helps or assists. m. (-raḥ) 1. A sofa, a bed. ...
Bārhaspatyasūtra (बार्हस्पत्यसूत्र).—Another treatise on science of polity or treatise of nīti ...
Ṛṇa (ऋण).—Subtracted, negative. Note: Ṛṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian s...
Nāstikamata (नास्तिकमत).—an atheistical opinion. Derivable forms: nāstikamatam (नास्तिकमतम्).Nā...
Svabhāvavāda (स्वभाववाद) refers to one of the philosophical systems regarding the cause and eff...
Haṭhavādika (हठवादिक).—a चार्वाक (cārvāka) type person; see हठबुद्धिः (haṭhabuddhiḥ) (prāgjanmā...
Cārvvāka (चार्व्वाक) or Cārvāka.—m. (-kaḥ) 1. A sophist, a philosopher; one acquainted with the...
cārvākavāda (चार्वाकवाद).—m (S) Maintenance of the doctrine of the cārvāka. Also cārvākavādī m ...
Yadṛcchāvāda (यदृच्छावाद) is another name of Svabhāvavāda: one of the philosophical systems reg...

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