Carucarya, Cārucaryā, Carucaryā: 6 definitions


Carucarya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charucharya.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Bharatiya vastu-sastra (Politics)

Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या) (dealing with Politics and Dharmaśāstra) refers to one of the works ascribed to King Bhoja, according to Bisheshwar Nath Reu.—King Bhoja of Dhārā, one of the greatest rulers of India, ruled  from 1018 to 1060 A.D. He was great in the art of Government and war, but still greater in the art of peace. He had earned immortal fame as a great patron of poets and men of letters and a mass of legends has grown about his name. He is reported to be the author of more than three dozen works [i.e., Cārucaryā]. [...] Śrī Viśveśvara Nātha Reu has laboured very hard in his treatise on ‘Rājā Bhoja’ (publsihed by Hindustani Academy) in collecting all the available material on the subject to give an account of the life and works of Bhoja. He has given a list of the following thirty-four books ascribed to Rājā Bhoja of Dhārā [i.e., Cārucaryā]

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Carucarya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Carucaryā (चरुचर्या) refers to the “practice (of consuming) the sacrificial pap”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. [...] Accompanied by Śrīnātha, they bestow boons and fame. O god, they bestow gifts and accomplishments to those who are devoted to the teaching and worshipping the teacher and to those engaged in the practice (of consuming) the sacrificial pap [i.e., carucaryā]”.

Note: Caru is the sacrificial food that the Yoginīs offer to their male counterparts in the sacred sites. Notice the contrast between this food and the bali that is offered to the Yoginīs. The sacrificial meal is an exchange of food. The worshipper makes his offering to appease, propitiate and worship the deity that responds by giving him sacred food in return that empowers and transforms him.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या) is the name of a work ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century): one among the Kashmiri scholars who glorified the legacy of rhetorics with a new interpretation of the soul of poetry (aucitya). A total number of 38 works (viz., Cārucaryā) have been recorded in the “New Catalogus Catalogorum”, which are composed by Kṣemendra. He is not only a poetician but also a scholar of high repute.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Carucarya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Cārucarya (चारुचर्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. attributed to Dhanvantari Oppert. 980. 1170.

2) Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या):—nīti, by Kṣemendra. L. 2440. Report. Xxiii. Peters. 1, 115. Printed in Kāvyamālā 2, 128.
—[dharma] by Bhojarāja. K. 212. Burnell. 136^b.

3) Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या):—med. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 27.

4) Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या):—nīti, by Kṣemendra. Stein 68.

5) Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या):—[dharma] by Bhojarāja. Śg. 2, 306 p. 260.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cārucaryā (चारुचर्या):—[=cāru-caryā] [from cāru] f. Name of [work]

[Sanskrit to German]

Carucarya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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