Carmaranga, Carmaraṅgā, Carman-ranga, Carmaramga: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Carmaranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charmaranga.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Carmaranga in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Carmaraṅgā (चर्मरङ्गा) is another name for Āvartakī, a medicinal plant identified with Cassia auriculata, synonym of Senna auriculata (matura tea tree) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.135-136 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Carmaraṅgā and Āvartakī, there are a total of eleven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Carmaranga in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Carmaraṅga (चर्मरङ्ग) refers to a country belonging to “Paścimottara (north-western division)” classified under the constellations of Uttarāṣāḍha, Śravaṇa and Dhaniṣṭhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttarāṣāḍha, Śravaṇa and Dhaniṣṭhā represent the north-western division consisting of [i.e., Carmaraṅga] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Carmaranga in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Carmaranga in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna auriculata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia densistipulata Taub. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2541)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Pharmaceutical Biology (2002)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas (1895)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Carmaranga, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Carmaranga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carmaraṅgā (चर्मरङ्गा).—m. (pl.) Name of a people in the north-west of Madhyadeśa; मरुकुत्सचर्मरङ्गाख्याः (marukutsacarmaraṅgākhyāḥ) Bṛ. S.14. 23.

Derivable forms: carmaraṅgāḥ (चर्मरङ्गाः).

Carmaraṅgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms carman and raṅgā (रङ्गा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carmaraṅga (चर्मरङ्ग):—[=carma-raṅga] [from carma] m. [plural] Name of a people in the north-west of Madhya-deśa, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 23]

2) Carmaraṅgā (चर्मरङ्गा):—[=carma-raṅgā] [from carma-raṅga > carma] f. the plant Āvartakī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Carmaranga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Carmaranga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Carmaraṃga (ಚರ್ಮರಂಗ):—[noun] a kind of .

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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