Carita, Cārita: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Carita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charita.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Carita (चरित) or Caritakāvya refers to a type of Mahākāvya (‘epic poem’).—Carita-kāvyas play an important role in the field of Sanskrit language as biography is a significant sector of any literature. They mainly form a part of biographical literature. [...] The word carita has the following meanings: performed, practised, attained, known, offered, going, moving-course, acting, doing, practice, behaviour, acts, deeds e.g. “udāra-caritānām tu vasudhaiva kuṭumbakam”, story e.g. “uttararāma-caritam tat praṇitam prayujyate”. Carita means behaviour, habit, conduct, practice, acts, deeds, performances, observance, history, life, biography, account, adventure, nature, disposition and duty, established of instituted observance.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'nature, character'.

In Vis.M. III there are explained six types of men:

  • the greedy-natured (rāga-carita),

  • the hate-natured (dosa-carita),

  • the stupid or dull-natured (moha-carita),

  • the faithful-natured (saddhā-carita),

  • the intelligent-natured (buddhi-carita),

  • the ruminating-natured (vitakka-carita). - (App.).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

On the 6 kinds of human character, s. carita.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: DLMBS: Buddhānusmṛti

carita [carita] nature, temperament. Carita denotes the intrinsic nature of a human being. The six types of temperament are

  1. greedy temperament [rāga-carita],
  2. hateful temperament [doṣa-carita],
  3. dull temperament [moha-carita],
  4. devout temperament [śraddhā-carita],
  5. intellectual temperament [buddhi-carita],
  6. discursive temperament [vitarka-carita].

The six temperaments are combined with one another. The speculative temperament (dṛṣṭi carita) is added to them.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

carita : (pp. of carati) walked or roamed about; behaved. (nt.) 1. character; behaviour; 2. life. || cārita (pp. of cāretvā), set going; pastured.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Carita, (pp. of cāreti, see cara & carati) 1. (adj.) going, moving, being like, behaving (-°) J. VI, 313; Miln. 92 (rāgac°=ratta); Vism. 105, 114 (rāga°, dosa°, moha°, etc.).—2. (nt.) action, behaviour, living Dh. 330 (ekassa c. living alone); Ps. I, 124; Miln. 178. See also carati 1b, 2b. Esp. frequent with su° and duc°: good, right, proper or (nt.) good action, right conduct & the opposite; e.g. sucarita Dh. 168, 231; PvA. 12, 71, 120; duccarita A. I, 146; II, 85, 141; III, 267, 352; D. III, 111. 214; Dh. 169, Sn. 665; Pv. I, 94 (°ṃ caritvā), etc. See also kāya° vacī° mano° under kāya. (Page 263)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

carita (चरित).—n See caritra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carita (चरित).—p. p. [car karmaṇi kta]

1) Wandered or roamed over, gone.

2) Performed, practised.

3) Attained.

4) Known.

5) Offered; Ś.4.21.

6) Acted, behaved; Ś.5.16.

-tam 1 Going, moving, course.

2) Acting, doing, practice, behaviour, acts, deeds; उदारचरितानाम् (udāracaritānām) H.1.7; सर्वं खलस्य चरितं मशकः करोति (sarvaṃ khalasya caritaṃ maśakaḥ karoti) 1.81.

3) Life, biography, adventures, history उत्तरं रामचरितं तत्प्रणीतं प्रयुज्यते (uttaraṃ rāmacaritaṃ tatpraṇītaṃ prayujyate) U.1.2; दिवौकसस्त्वच्चरितं लिखन्ति (divaukasastvaccaritaṃ likhanti) Ś.7.5; so दशकुमारचरितम् (daśakumāracaritam) &c.

4) Nature.

5) Fixed law, due or proper observance.

--- OR ---

Cārita (चारित).—a.

1) Caused to go.

2) Distilled &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Carita (चरित).—(nt.), (mathematical) operation, calculation, problem (in mathematics): (śākyakumāraśatāny…) apūr- vacaritaṃ samuddiśanti sma, bodhisattvaś cāsaṃmūḍho nikṣipati sma Lalitavistara 147.1,…proposed an unheard-of (mathe- matical) problem… Tibetan rtsis, calculation. See also dhar- ma-carita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carita (चरित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Gone, gone to, attained. n.

(-taṃ) Fixed institute, proper or peculiar observance: see caraṇa. 2. Story, adventures. 3. Practice, behaviour. 4. Nature. E. car to go, affix kta.

--- OR ---

Cārita (चारित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Caused to go. 2. Distilled. E. car to go, causal form kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carita (चरित).—[neuter] going, course, way, practice, behaviour, conduct; acts, deeds, adventures.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carita (चरित):—[from car] a mfn. gone, gone to, attained, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘practised’, in [compound]

3) [v.s. ...] espied, ascertained (by a spy, cara), [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 6, 16 and 7, 21]

4) [v.s. ...] n. going, moving, course, [Atharva-veda iii, 15, 4; ix, 1, 3; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa iii; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] motion (of asterisms), [Sūryasiddhānta]

6) [v.s. ...] acting, doing, practice, behaviour, acts, deeds, adventures, [Ṛg-veda i, 90, 2; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Gīta-govinda ix, 1])

7) [v.s. ...] fixed institute, proper or peculiar observance, [Horace H. Wilson] (cf. uttara-rāma-, duś-, sac-, saha-, su-).

8) [from carācara] b etc. See, [ib.]

9) Cārita (चारित):—[from cāra] mfn. set in motion, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 653]

10) [v.s. ...] caused to be done by ([instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata xii, 11584.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carita (चरित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Gone; attained. 1. n. Fixed institute practice.

2) Cārita (चारित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Impelled, made to go; distilled.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Carita (चरित):—(partic. von car)

1) adj. s. u. car . —

2) n. a) das Gehen, Sichbewegen, Gang: śu.aṃ no astu cari.amutthitaṃ ca [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 15, 4. 9, 1, 3.] [GOBH. 3, 2, 21.] grahanakṣatracaritāni [Suśruta 1, 21, 17.] — b) das Verfahren, das Thun, Benehmen, Wandel, die Thaten [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 843.] [Ṛgveda 1, 90, 2.] mṛgāśvakariṇām [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 107, 12.] sarvaṃ khalasya caritaṃ maśakaḥ karoti [Hitopadeśa I, 76.] udāra adj. [64.] rāmasya [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 34. 1, 94. 3, 8. 4, 5.] śuci [Indralokāgamana 5, 62.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 26.] [Śākuntala 164. 69, 8.] [Pañcatantra 101, 10.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 2. 73.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 19, 22.] [Śiśupālavadha 9, 33.] — Vgl. uttararāma, duścarita, saccarita, saha, su .

--- OR ---

Carita (चरित):—n. oder schlechtweg naiṣadhīya n. Titel eines Kunstepos von Śriharṣa [Colebrooke I, 209. II, 84. 104. fg.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 524. fgg.]

--- OR ---

Carita (चरित):—

2) a) Bewegung (der Gestirne) [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 4. 5. 11, 23. 13, 25. 14, 27.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 110.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Carita (चरित):——

1) Adj. s.u. car. —

2) n. — a) das Gehen , Sichbewegen , Bewegung , Gang. — b) das Verfahren , Thun , Benehmen , Treiben , Wandel , Lebenswandel , die Thaten. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā [187,14.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Carita (चरित) [Also spelled charit]:—(nm) biography; doings, goings; ~[kara/-lekhaka] a biographer; -[nāyaka] the hero or the main character (of a literary work); -[rupaka] biographical feature.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of carita in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: