Car: 6 definitions

Introduction

Car means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Char.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Car (चर्).—A short term (Pratyahara) for the hard unaspirated surds and श्, ष्, स् (ś, , s). The change of the second, third and fourth letters into the first is called चर्त्वः (cartvaḥ) cf. अभ्यासे चर्च । खरि च । वावसाने । (abhyāse carca | khari ca | vāvasāne |) Pan. VIII.4.54-56.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Car (चर्).—1 P. (carati, cacāra, acārīt, caritum, carita or sometimes cīrṇa)

1) To walk, move, go about, roam, wander; नष्टाशङ्का हरिणशिशवो मन्दमन्दं चरन्ति (naṣṭāśaṅkā hariṇaśiśavo mandamandaṃ caranti) Ś.1.15 (car may mean here 'to graze' also); इन्द्रियाणां हि चरताम् (indriyāṇāṃ hi caratām) Bg.2.67; कपय- श्चेरुरार्तस्य रामस्येव मनोरथाः (kapaya- ścerurārtasya rāmasyeva manorathāḥ) R.12.59; Ms.2.23,6.68; 8.236;9.36;1.55.

2) (a) To perform, do, act; रचयति रेखाः सलिले यस्तु खले चरति सत्कारम् (racayati rekhāḥ salile yastu khale carati satkāram) Bv.1.98. (b) To practise, perform, observe; चरतः किल दुश्चरं तपः (carataḥ kila duścaraṃ tapaḥ) R.8.79; Y.1.6; Ms.3.3.

3) To act, behave towards, conduct oneself (oft. with loc. of the person); चरतीनां च कामतः (caratīnāṃ ca kāmataḥ) Ms.5.9;9.287; आत्मवत्सर्वभूतेषु यश्चरेत् (ātmavatsarvabhūteṣu yaścaret) Mb; तस्यां त्वं साधु नाचरः (tasyāṃ tvaṃ sādhu nācaraḥ) R.1.76 (where the root may be also ācar).

4) To graze; सुचिरं हि चरन् शस्यम् (suciraṃ hi caran śasyam) H.3.9.

5) To eat, consume.

6) To be engaged in, be busy with.

7) To live, continue to be, continue in any state.

8) To spread, be diffused.

9) To live, be, exist.

1) To move, travel through, pervade, go along, follow. -Caus. (cāra- yati)

1) To cause to move or go.

2) To send, direct, move.

3) To drive away.

4) To cause to perform or practise.

5) To cause to copulate.

6) To cause to graze, pasture.

7) To obtain knowledge of, acquaint oneself with.

8) To doubt. [cf. L. curro.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Car (चर्).—[cara] r. 1st cl. (carati) 1. To go. 2. To eat. 3. To behave or act, (in this sense āṅ is usually prefixed;) With ati, and āṅ prefixed, To transgress, to go astray. With abhi, 1. To deceive, to betray. 2. To conjure. 3. To attend. With anu, 1. To follow, to attend. 2. To imitate. With āṅ To practise. a duty. With ut, (uccarate) 1. To transgress. 2. To expel. 3. (uccarati) To go up, to rise. With upa, 1. To approach. 2. To worship With pari, To serve. With pra, 1. To prevail as a custom. 2. To declare, to manifest. With vi and abhi, To go astray, to act wickedly. With sam (sañcarate) 1. To ride upon. 2. (sañcarati) To accompany. With sam and āṅ 1. To perform. 2. To announce. r. 10th cl. (cārayati) 1. To doubt 2. To be free from doubt. With vi prefixed, To discuss, to dispute, to reason upon or respecting any doubtful points. bhvā-para-saka-seṭ . cu-ubha-saka-seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Car (चर्).— (for original ścar, cf. āścarya), i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 12655), 1. To move, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 51, 8. 2. To go, Mahābhārata 1, 3071. 3. To graze, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 23; with acc., [Hitopadeśa] 81, 15. 4. To go through, over, along (with acc.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 185; 9, 238; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3632. 5. To behave, to live, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 90. 6. To act, Mahābhārata 14, 534; viṣamam, To deal unjustly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 287. 7. To make, to perform, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 30; 11, 53; vivādam, To contest, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 8; Indravratam, To act like Indra, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 304; tejovrittam, To emulate the power and acts, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 303. 8. To treat, tapasā ...indriyagrāmam, To mortify one’s flesh, Mahābhārata 14, 544. 9. To spy, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 6, 16.

— Ptcple. of the pf. pass. I. carita, n. 1. Going, [Suśruta] 1, 21, 17. 2. Doing, acting, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 76; adventures in daśakumāra-, i. e. daśan-, The adventures of the ten princes, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 179, 2. Comp. Dus-, n. sin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 48. Su-, 1. adj. 1. well-conducted. 2. well-managed. 11. n. 1. good action, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 58. 2. good-conduct. Ii. cīrṇa, Performed, Mahābhārata 15, 91.

— Ptcple. of the fut. pass. I. caritavya; Ii. cartavya, Mahābhārata 13, 5134. Iii. carya, see separately.

— Absol., I. caritvā; Ii. cartvā, Mahābhārata 5, 3790; Iii. cīrtvā, Mahābhārata 13, 495.

— Infin. I. caritum; Ii. cartum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 14, 15.

— [Causal.] cāraya, 1. To cause to graze, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3548. 2. To cause to wander, Mahābhārata 3, 1498. 3. To send out, Mahābhārata 12, 2705. 4. To expel, Mahābhārata 12, 12944. 5. To cause to perform, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 176. 6. To permit to hold a culpable intercourse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 362. 7. To cause to be spied, Mahābhārata 3, 10030.

— Frequent. cañcūrya, 1. To rove, Mahābhārata 1, 7910. 2. To wander over (with acc.), [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3726. Anomalous ptcple. of the pres. cañcūryant, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3602.

— With ati ati, 1. To over-step, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12790. 2. To trespass, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 10, 8. 3. To offend (one’s husband by committing adultery, one’s parents by disobedience), Mahābhārata 12, 8387.

— With vyati vi -ati, To offend somebody, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 101, 11.

— With anu anu, 1. To ramble through, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 59, 19. 2. To follow, Mahābhārata 4, 652. 3. To act, Mahābhārata 3, 1303. anucarita, n. Doing, history, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 6, 10. [Causal.] To cause to be marched through, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 266.

— With antar antar, To move in the midst, Mahābhārata 3, 2989.

— With apa apa, 1. To trespass, Mahābhārata 12, 9566. 2. To offend, Mārk. P. 13, 13. apacarita, n. Sin, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 106.

— With abhi abhi, 1. To offend, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 102. 2. To use witchcraft, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 19, 13. 3. To occupy, to possess, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 34, 10.

— With vyabhi vi-abhi, 1. To offend, Mahābhārata 1, 3234. 2. To fail, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 18, 5. 3. To surpass, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 34.

— With ava ava, [Causal.] To apply, [Suśruta] 2, 8, 12.

— With abhyava abhi-ava, [Causal.] To send out, Mahābhārata 12, 3779.

— With ā ā, 1. To frequent, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 57, 11. 2. To live, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 180. 3. To act, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 110. 4. To treat, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 102. 5. To perform, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 156; to make, Mahābhārata 4, 117. 6. To act according to custom, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 108, 22. ācarita, n. 1. Behaviour, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 14, 26. 2. Acting desperately, in order to excite compassion (as killing wife and cattle, and sitting before some-one’s door till he complies with what is wished for), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 49. ācīrṇa, Eaten.

— With adhyā adhi-ā, To occupy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 119 (śayyāsane 'dhyācarite śreyasā, A couch or chair being occupied by a superior).

— With anvā anu-ā, To imitate, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 4, 6.

— With abhyā abhi-ā, To practise, Mahābhārata 12, 9719.

— With samudā sam-ud -ā, 1. To treat, Mahābhārata 12, 1203 (read samudº instead of sadudº). 2. To perform, Mahābhārata 13, 3968.

— With upā upa-ā, 1. To serve, Mahābhārata 2, 408. 2. To treat, Mahābhārata 18, 95.

— With samupā sam -upa-ā, 1. To treat, [Suśruta] 1, 47, 4. 2. To practise, Mahābhārata 3, 10572.

— With samā sam-ā, 1. To walk, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 9. 2. To act, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 78. 3. To perform, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 231. 4. With dūrād, To remove far from, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 151. samācīrṇa, Committed, Mahābhārata 8, 1281.

— With anusamā anu-sam-ā, To perform, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 22, 53.

— With ud ud, 1. To rise, Mahābhārata 3, 10088. 2. To fly back (as a bow), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 7, 25. 3. To void one’s excrements, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 49. 4. To utter, to pronounce, Mahābhārata 5, 917. 5. To leave, Naiṣ. 5, 48 ([Ātmanepada.]). 6. To offend, Mahābhārata 16, 43. uccarita, n. Excrements, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 5, 32. [Causal.] To utter, to pronounce, Mahābhārata 1, 966.

— With prod pra ud, To pronounce, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14694. [Causal.] To cause to sound, [Pañcatantra] 21, 3.

— With pratyud prati-ud, [Causal.] To excite, Mahābhārata 8, 3553.

— With vyud vi-ud, 1. To offend ([Ātmanepada.]). 2. To have culpable intercourse (with instr.), Mahābhārata 3, 12868.

— With upa upa, 1. To approach, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 64, 5. 2. To serve, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 254; to attend, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 21; to honour, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 193. 3. To treat, [Pañcatantra] 43, 10. 4. pass. To be used metaphorically (with loc.), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 37. upacīrṇa, Attended, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 23, 38.

— With dus dus, To treat ill, to deceive, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 2, 25.

— With nis nis, 1. To come out, Mahābhārata 1, 8235. 2. To appear, Mahābhārata 6, 4543. 3. To proceed, Mahābhārata 5, 4929.

— With vinis vi-nis, To proceed, Mahābhārata 4, 1322.

— With pari pari, 1. To go round, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 52, 5. 2. To serve, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 243; to attend, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 46, 11. 3. To honour.

— With pra pra, 1. To proceed, to appear, Mahābhārata 6, 2189; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 35, 18. 2. To succeed, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 3, 2. 3. To visit, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 55, 5. 4. To walk, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 33, 10. 5. To circulate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 2, 40. 6. To act, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 284. 7. To perform, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 100. [Causal.] To cause to graze, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 785.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, To advance, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 16, 105.

— With prati prati, [Causal.] To diffuse, Mahābhārata 12, 12742.

— With vi vi, 1. To go in different directions, [Hiḍimbavadha] 2, 31; to rove, Mahābhārata 3, 2486. 2. To wander through, Mahābhārata 1, 3931 ([Ātmanepada.]). 3. To live lasciviously, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 20. 4. To fail, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 1, 15. 5. To act, [Pañcatantra] 26, 3. 6. To live, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 18; 9, 302 (to live virtuously); with instr., To converse with, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 28, 52. 7. To make, to perform, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10148. vicarita, n. Roving, [Nala] 24, 49. vicīrṇa, 1. Wandered through, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 73, 25. 2. Performed, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 307. [Causal.] 1. To cause to run, [Arjunasamāgama] 6, 17. 2. To cause to go round, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 13, 44; buddhim, To reflect, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 41, 9. 3. To seduce, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 49, 6. 4. To consider, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 178. 5. To doubt, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 23, 19. 6. To hesitate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 35, 25; to decide, Mahābhārata 4, 235. vicārita, n. 1. Consideration, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 3, 13. 2. Scruple, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Car (चर्).—carati (carate) [participle] carita (q.v.) & cīrṇa move, go, drive ([with] [instrumental]), walk, roam, wander through or along ([accusative]), pervade, explore (only [participle] carita); behave, conduct one’s self, act or deal with ([instrumental] or [locative]), be engaged or busy with ([instrumental]), have sexual intercourse with ([instrumental]); continue doing or being ([participle], adj., [gerund], or [adverb]); exercise, perform, produce, cause, effect, do, make, render (2 [accusative]); consume, eat, feed, pasture. —[Causative] cārayati cause to move, walk, roam, eat, pasture, approach sexually, set in motion, impel; cause to do (2 [accusative]). [Desiderative] cicariṣati or cicarṣati try to go, be willing to approach sex. ([instrumental]). [Intensive] carcarīti or carcūryate ([with] act. & pass. mg) move quickly or repeatedly, wander, roam ([accusative] or [locative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Car (चर्):—[class] 1. carati, rarely te ([subjunctive] carat, 3 [plural] carān, [Ṛg-veda]; perf. cacāra [Atharva-veda] etc., 2 sg. cacartha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 28, 52]; [plural] cerur, etc.; ratur, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; [Ātmanepada] cere, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 1, 19]; [future] cariṣyati, te; [Aorist] acārīt [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv etc.]; [infinitive mood] caritum [ii; Mahābhārata i, iii; Rāmāyaṇa] or cartum [Mahābhārata iii, xiii; Rāmāyaṇa iii; Bhāgavata-purāṇa v], [Vedic or Veda] caradhyai [Ṛg-veda i, 61, 12], caritave [113, 5], carase [92, 9 and v, 47, 4], carāyai [vii, 77, 1], caritos [Aitareya-āraṇyaka i, 1, 1, 7]; [indeclinable participle] caritvā, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 75, 19]; cartvā, [Mahābhārata v, 3790]; cīrtvā, [xiii, 495]; p. carat)

—to move one’s self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.;

—to spread, be diffused (as fire), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xix, 7];

—to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to behave, conduct one’s self, act, live, treat (with [instrumental case] or [locative case]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.;

—to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr e.g. yajñena c, ‘to be engaged in a sacrifice’ [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda x, 71, 5; Atharva-veda vi, 117, 1; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.;—(with [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iv; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Kauśika-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra] or without [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii, xiv] mithunam) to have intercourse with, have to do with ([instrumental case]);

— (with a p. or [adjective (cf. [masculine, feminine and neuter; or adjective])] or [indeclinable participle] or [adverb]) to continue performing or being (e.g. arcantaś cerur, ‘they continued worshipping’ [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i]; svāminam avajñāya caret, ‘he may go on despising his master’ [Hitopadeśa]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.;

— (in [astronomy]) to be in any asterism or conjunction, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā];

—to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (e.g. vratāni ‘to observe vows’ [Atharva-veda] etc.; vighnaṃ c, ‘to put a hindrance’ [Mahābhārata]; bhaikṣaṃ c ‘to beg’ [Manu-smṛti ii]; vivādaṃ c, ‘to be engaged in a lawsuit’ [Manu-smṛti viii, 8]; mṛgayāṃ c, ‘to hunt’ [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]; sambandhāṃś c, ‘to enter into connections’ [Manu-smṛti ii, 40]; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ, ‘he made a way with arrows’ [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 34, 4]; tapasā indriyāṇi c, to exercise one’s organs with penance, [Mahābhārata xiv, 544]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.;

—to consume, eat (with [accusative]), graze, [Yājñavalkya iii, 324; Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, x; Subhāṣitāvali; Hitopadeśa];

—to make or render (with double [accusative]) e.g. narendraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma, ‘let us make the king keep his word’ [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 107, 19] :—[Causal] cārayati, to cause to move or walk about, [Atharva-veda xii, 4, 28] ([Aorist] acīcarat), [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa xxx, 8; Lāṭyāyana];

—to pasture, [Mahābhārata xiv; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, x];

—to send, direct, turn, move, [Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to cause any one ([accusative]) to walk through ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata xii; Rāmāyaṇa v, 49, 14];

—to drive away from ([ablative]), [Mahābhārata xii, 12944];

—to cause any one ([accusative]) to practise or perform (with [accusative]), [Manu-smṛti xi, 177 and 192];

—to cause (any animal [accusative]) to eat, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra ii, 2, 5 [Scholiast or Commentator]];

—to cause to copulate, [Manu-smṛti viii, 362];

—to ascertain (as through a spy [instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata iii, xv; Rāmāyaṇa i, vi];

—to doubt (cf. vi-), [Dhātupāṭha xxxiii, 71] :—[Desiderative] cicariṣati, to try to go, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa xxx, 8](p. cicarṣat) ;

—to wish to act or conduct one’s self, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi];

—to try to have intercourse with ([instrumental case]), [vi] :—[Intensive] carcarīti [Ātmanepada] or rarely ([Mahābhārata iii, 12850]) [Passive voice] cañcūryate (curīti and cūrti, [Pāṇini 7-4, 87f.]; [indeclinable participle] cūrya, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 29, 22]; p. once [Parasmaipada] cūryat, [Harivaṃśa 3602])

—to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in [locative case]), [Atharva-veda xx, 127, 4; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to act wantonly or coquettishly, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya iv, 19] (cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 24]);—(cf. πέλομαι, ἀμφί-πολο-ς, ἀνα-τολή etc.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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