Candrarka, Candrārka, Candra-arka: 10 definitions


Candrarka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrarka.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Purana glossary
Source: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क) or Arkendu refers to the “sun and the moon” and is used to describe mount Meru, according to the Yogavasistha 6.19.—Accordingly, as the crow Caṇḍa said:—“[...] will point it out to you, in the high mountain of Meru in the polar region; which is the seat of all the celestials, and the great receptacle of all the treasures and gems on earth. [...] This mountain stands as the lofty pillar of gold, in the midst of the great dome of the universe; it is lightet by the luminous orbs of the sun and moon [viz., candrārka] as its two lamps, and is the residence of all kinds of animals. [...] With its two eye balls of the rolling sun and moon [viz., candrārka], it glances over the surrounding hillocks, as the king seated in the centre, looks on the courtiers sitting all about him. [...] It has thousands of ridges and steeps, craigs and cliffs, below its two eyes of sun and moon [viz., arkendu]; and these are lauded as celestial regions by the Gods, Gandharvas and Kinnaras that inhabit in them”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क).—A Rākṣasa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 166.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क):—An alloy of silver and copper in the ratio of 16:12 respectively

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क) (Cf. Somārka) refers to the “moon and the sun”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The permutation (of the Transmental) is said to be the Light that precedes the mistress of the Wheel of Rays [i.e., puñjacakra-īśī] (of divine consciousness). [...] (That light) is not the moon, (or) the light of the stars; it is not the light of the rays of (the sun), the lord of the sky, nor is it the brilliance of lightning—nor is it like the beautiful sun (of energy). That Light (bhāsā) is seen in the belly (of consciousness) with the eye of knowledge, that is, in the eye on the path of opening. She is not seen otherwise. All (things) shine due to her: Fire, Moon, Sun and stars [i.e., vahni-candrārka-tārakā]. As the division of Sun and Moon, she bestows the plane of oneness. Thus she is the aggregate (kula) of rays and, ferocious, she is the Supreme One (Parā) who has reached the final end of Kula and devours duality with the Yoga of the Fire of (Universal) Destruction.”.—(Cf. Puñjacakra).

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क) refers to the “moon and sun”, according to sources such as the Candrāvalokana and the Anubhavanivedanastotra.—Accordingly, while describing the the highest reality through the practice of Śāmbhavī Mudrā: “[...] [The Yogin’s] eyes are half open, his mind steady and his gaze placed at the tip of the nose. Even his moon and sun (candrārka) have dissolved and his body is motionless. He goes to that supreme intensely radiant state, the highest reality, which has the appearance of light and is devoid of everything external. What could be spoken of here that is greater [than this]?”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क) refers to the “sun and moon” [i.e., oṃ candrārka-vimale svāhā], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क) refers to the “moon and sun”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, you must understand, in reality, substance is not acknowledged in a mass of foam, the trunk of a plantain tree or in the body of human beings. The planets, moon, sun, stars (candrārkagrahacandrārkatārakāḥ) and seasons go and come [but] certainly for embodied souls bodies do not [go and come] even in a dream”.

Synonyms: Arkacandra.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candrārka (चंद्रार्क) [or चंद्रार्कवरी, candrārkavarī].—ad (Poetry. For ācandrārka S) As long as moon and sun endure. Ex. maga candrārka- vari || putrapautrīṃ nāndāla ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

candrārka (चंद्रार्क) [or candrārkavarī, or चंद्रार्कवरी].—ad As long as moon and sun endure.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrarka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrārka (चन्द्रार्क):—[from candra > cand] m. [dual number] = dra-sūrya, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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