Candranana, Candra-anana, Candrānana, Candrānanā: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Candranana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandranana.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Candranana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Candrānanā (चन्द्रानना) refers to “she who is moon-faced” and is used to describe Goddess Nityā, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her body is beautiful and bears the hue of vermillion. Its middle part is slim, [and] she is the repository of beauty. She is slightly bent like a young elephant because of her pitcher-like breasts (kuca-kumbha-namrā), resembling the temples of a young elephant. Her eyes are moving and wide like those of a deer. She is moon-faced (candrānanā), her smiles are gentle, and she serves as the felicitous banner of the Love-god. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Candranana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Candrānana (चन्द्रानन) is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 3.6 [candraprabha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Now, in the zone Bharata in this Jambūdvīpa there is a city Candrānana, resembling the face of the earth. In it shines a row of shops, rich with many jewels, like a vessel of the ocean with its wealth of water increased. And there are houses of various shapes and colors, as if numerous twilight-clouds had descended to earth. In its gardens are seen flying-ascetics engaged in pratimā, motionless from head to foot, like mountains in the form of men. [...] In this city Mahāsena, by whose army the earth was covered, was king, like the ocean with an invincible crest-jewel. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Candrāṇanā (चन्द्राणना) (identified with the village Candrāvati) refers to the traditional birthplace of the eighth Tīrthaṅkara, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(cf. sv), near Benares, according to Jain 1984 ( 1 1947) p. 362.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candranana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candrānana (चन्द्रानन).—a. moon-faced.

-naḥ an epithet of Kārtikeya.

Candrānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and ānana (आनन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Candrānana (चन्द्रानन).—name of a former Buddha: Samādhirājasūtra p. 57 line 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candrānana (चन्द्रानन):—[from candra > cand] m. ‘moon-faced’, Skanda, [Mahābhārata iii. 14632]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Jina

3) [v.s. ...] of a hero of Kālikā, [Vīracarita xxx.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Candrānana (चन्द्रानन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Caṃdāṇaṇa, Caṃdāṇaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Candranana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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