Candramandala, Candramaṇḍala, Candra-mandala, Camdramamdala: 17 definitions
Candramandala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandramandala.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल).—Contains the essence of the dhāma of Vedas; progresses and degresses with Śukla and Kṛṣṇa pakṣas.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 14.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to “floral patch”, usually decorated onto the kapora, which is a compound moulding of the prastara, or ‘entablature’.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to an ancient region in Koṅkaṇa, according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—We were told that [Kāmarūpa/Koṅkaṇa] consists of seven districts. One of these is possibly Śrībimba which we may tentatively identify with Candramaṇḍala—a region in ancient Koṅkaṇa, the capital of which was Candrapura. There, the First Siddha to propagate the Kubjikā Tantras is said to have miraculously felled a tamarind tree by the yogic power he was given by the goddess.
2) Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to the “circle of the moon” symbolizing a particular state of Kuṇḍalinī, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Purification takes place in the middle of the Secret Place (guhya) (the Yoni). He should check the inhaled breath (apāna). He should check the exhaled breath (prāṇa) there. By checking (the two breaths, Kuṇḍalinī) straightens and should enter the Circle of the Moon [i.e., candramaṇḍala]. The Supreme Energy (kalā), whose form is (subtle and straight) like a spider’s thread, rains down (nectar). Thus, one should recollect that the Self is flooded with the drops (of that energy) blazing with rays (of power). (One should recollect) that it is sprinkled by means of that Yoga of Nectar (amṛtayoga). [...]”.
3) Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to the “lunar orb” (in the thousand-spoked wheel in the head), according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] The goddess’s inner secret is her marital sport in which the worshipper inwardly participates. This secret sacrifice (rahasyayāga) is the ‘inner sacrifice’ (antarayāga) described in the Bhāvanopaniṣad. It is the realisation of the unity of 1) Śrīcakra and the bodies, subtle, gross and causal; 2) the lunar orb (candramaṇḍala) in the thousand—spoked wheel in the head (sahasrāra) and the Point in the centre of Śrīcakra called ‘Made of All Bliss’ (sarvānandamayabindu); 3) the individual and universal Self, Śiva and Śakti, the Light (prakāśa) of consciousness and its reflective awareness (vimarśa). [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to the “lunar disc”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. If these spots should appear on the solar disc, mankind will suffer miseries; if on the lunar disc [i.e., candramaṇḍala] mankind will be happy; but if they take the shape of a crow, a headless human body, or a weapon, mankind will suffer even though the spots should appear on the moon”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to the “orb of the moon”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.21-22]—“The being (jīva), is enclosed with [the syllables] saḥ, etc. [This rests] in the middle of the lotus of the heart, [which] is in the middle of the orb of the moon (candramaṇḍala-madhyaga). [This done, the jīva] escapes from death completely. After [the Mantrin has] enclosed [the jīva] with syllables beginning with saḥ, etc., [the Mantrin] masters the procedure. [That is, he] should visualize [the encircled jīva] in the body. [The afflicted] is sure to become free from all disease, of this there is no doubt”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल) refers to a “moon-disc”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Ādibuddha]—“[The Sādhaka,] on generating the conviction that he himself is Mahāvairocana as [previously] described, via the yoga of the four Buddha-thrones, should visualise a moon-disc (candramaṇḍala) in his heart. Above that, transformed out of the syllable dhīḥ, [he should visualise] the lord, the Ādibuddha. [The Ādibuddha] has five faces (pañcānana > pañcamukha). [...]”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Candramaṇḍala is the name of a territory mentioned in the Paṭṭaṇakuḍi plates of Avasara II.—Candramaṇḍala was the territory round modern Cāndor in the Goā State.
These copper plates (mentioning Candramaṇḍala) were obtained from Tonappa Parisa Upadhye, the priest of the Jain basti of Paṭṭaṇakudi, who claims that they have been preserved as heirloom in his family. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Śilāra (i.e. Śilāhāra) king Avasara II, ruling from Balinagara. The inscription is dated in the expired Śaka year 910 (expressed in words), the cyclic year being Sarvadhārin, on Monday, the fifth tithi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
candramaṇḍala (चंद्रमंडल).—n (S) The moon considered as a region or heaven. 2 The disk of the moon. Ex. śuddha caṃ0 pāhūna snāna karāvēṃ.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
candramaṇḍala (चंद्रमंडल).—n The moon considered as a region or heaven. The disk of the moon.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) the orb or disc of the moon.
2) the lunar sphere.
3) a halo round the moon.
Derivable forms: candramaṇḍalam (चन्द्रमण्डलम्).
Candramaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and maṇḍala (मण्डल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laṃ) The orb or disc of the moon, the lunar sphere. E. candra and maṇḍala circle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल).—[neuter] the orb of the moon.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल):—[=candra-maṇḍala] [from candra > cand] n. = -bimba, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] a halo round the moon, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल):—(laṃ) 1. n. Lunar sphere.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Caṃdramaṃḍala (ಚಂದ್ರಮಂಡಲ):—[noun] the disc of the moon.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Candrapura, Tha, Shribimba, Vajralanchita, Veshtita, Samakranta, Nipidana, Vajrabhrit, Arta, Sarvanandamaya, Antara, Antarayaga, Rahasyayaga, Sahasrara, Madhyaga, Indubimba, Bhima, Brahmapuri, Alakananda.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Candramandala, Candramaṇḍala, Candra-mandala, Candra-maṇḍala, Camdramamdala, Caṃdramaṃḍala; (plurals include: Candramandalas, Candramaṇḍalas, mandalas, maṇḍalas, Camdramamdalas, Caṃdramaṃḍalas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Shat-cakra-nirupana (the six bodily centres) (by Arthur Avalon)
Verse 41 < [Section 7]
Verse 30 < [Section 5]
Summary of the Viśuddha Cakra (verses 28-31) < [Section 5]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.7.8 < [Chapter 7 - The Killing of Kuvalayāpīḍa]
Verses 6.17.3-5 < [Chapter 17 - Śrī Śrī Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa Meet at Siddhāśrama and the Nature of Śrī Rādhā’s Love Is Revealed]
Verse 6.16.35 < [Chapter 16 - Seeing Śrī Rādhā’s Form]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Sun-worship Vratas (17) Candrovrata < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Paduka-panchaka (the five-fold footstool) (by Arthur Avalon)
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)