Candraditya, Candra-aditya, Candrāditya: 5 definitions

Introduction

Candraditya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandraditya.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candraditya in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Candrāditya (चन्द्रादित्य) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., candra-āditya-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candraditya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Candrāditya (चन्द्रादित्य) is the name of an ancient king from Lāṭa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 74. Accordingly, “... in the meanwhile he saw a maiden, who had come there to bathe, by name Haṃsāvalī, the beautiful daughter of Candrāditya, King of Lāṭa, by Kuvalayavatī; her mortal nature, which was concealed by all her other members moulded like those of gods, was revealed by the winking of her rolling eye”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Candrāditya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Candrāditya is mentioned in the “Kolhāpur plates of Gaṇḍarāditya”. Accordingly, “To him was born the eldest son, the illustrious Goṅkalla, the foremost (lit. the forehead-mark) of the kings on the earth. Thereafter, there was his brother Gūhaleśa (I); his younger brother was Kīrtirāja; thereafter, Candrāditya made his kingdom free from all troublesome persons”.

These copper plates (mentioning Candrāditya) were discovered some years ago while levelling the Khāsbāg grounds in Kolhāpur. It records the grant, by Gaṇḍarāditya, of two nivartanas of land in the village of Koṃnijavāḍa situated in the khampaṇa (subdivision) of Koḍavalli comprised in the Miriñji-deśa. It is dated in the expired Saka year 1048, the cyclic year being Parābhava, on the occasion of the Dakṣiṇāyana-saṅkrānti, on Saturday, the fourth tithi of the bright fortnight of Āṣāḍha.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candraditya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Candrāditya (चन्द्रादित्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Vallabhadeva, grandson of Ānandadeva, father of Kayyata (Devīśatakaṭīkā). Kāvyamālā 1, 101.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrāditya (चन्द्रादित्य):—[from candra > cand] m. Name of a prince, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiv, 215.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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