Candabhaga, Candabhāgā, Candabhāga: 3 definitions



Candabhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Candabhaga in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Candabhaga - A river in India. It was the third river crossed by Maha Kappina and his wife on their way from their own country, in the north west, to Savatthi (ThagA.i.508). The river was one league deep and one wide (DhA.ii.120) and eighteen leagues in length, with a rapid current (DA.iii.877, 878). On its bank was a large banyan tree where the Buddha awaited Kappinas arrival (AA.i.177; SA.ii.179). The Milinda (p.114) mentions it as one of the ten important rivers flowing from the Himalaya. The name is evidently old, as it occurs in several ancient legends (E.g., Ap.i.75; ThagA.i.390; ThigA.9, etc.).

The Candabhaga is generally identified with the Chenab (the Akesines of the Greeks). But see Ps. of the Brethren 255, n.1.

2. Candabhaga - A canal constructed by Parakkamabahu I., flowing through the centre of the Lakkhuyyana. Cv.lxxix.48.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Candabhāga is one of the twenty canal-systems associated with Parakkamasamudda waters that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Pūjāvaliya gives the name Mahāsamudra to the Parakkamasamudda at Polonnaruva. The canal system associated with Parakkamasamudda is described and named in the Cūlavamsa as follows:—[...] Candabhāga canal, which flowed through the Lakkhuyyāna garden; [...].

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Candabhāgā (चन्दभागा) (or Candrabhāgā in Sanskrit) is the name of a river situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Milindapañho we are told of the five hundred rivers that issued forth from the Himavanta mountain. Of these rivers ten are said to be important: Gaṅga, Yamunā, Aciravatī, Sarabhū, Mahī, Sindhu, Sarassatī, Vetravatī, Vitaṃsā and Candabhāgā. The Candabhāgā (Sans. Candrabhāgā) is the Chināb, the Acesines of the Greeks or the Asiknī of the Ṛgveda, a tributary of the Indus or the Sindhu.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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