Cancala, Cañcala, Cañcalā: 16 definitions



Cancala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanchala.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cañcalā (चञ्चला).—A river from Ṛṣyavat.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Cañcalā (चञ्चला) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Citrā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Cañcalā (चञ्चला) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., cañcalā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Cañcalā (चञ्चला):—Unsteady

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Cañcala (चञ्चल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Cañcala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cancala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cañcala : (adj.) unsteady; moving.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cañcala, (adj.) (Intens. of cal=car, to move, with n instead of r in reduplication, cp. Sk. cañcūryate=carcarīti, cañcala (=*carcara), Gr. gargalizw & gaggalizw to tickle; see also note on gala & cp. caṅkamati) moving to & fro, trembling, unsteady J. IV, 498 (=calācala); Sdhp. 317, 598. (Page 260)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cañcala (चंचल).—a S pop. cañcaḷa a Shaking, moving, trembling. 2 Fickle, capricious, volatile, flighty: also restless or fidgety. 3 Fugitive, fleeting, transitory. 4 Slippery, wanton, riggish--a woman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cañcala (चंचल).—a Shaking, moving, trembling. Fickle, capricious, volatile, flighty; also restless or fidgety. Fugitive,

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—a. [cañca-alaca, cañcaṃ gatiṃ lāti la-ka vā Tv.]

1) Moving, shaking, trembling, tremulous; श्रुत्वैव भीत- हरिणीशिशुचञ्चलाक्षीम् (śrutvaiva bhīta- hariṇīśiśucañcalākṣīm) Ch. P.27; चञ्चलकुण्डल (cañcalakuṇḍala) Gīt.7; Amaru. 79.

2) (Fig.) Inconstant, fickle, unsteady; भोगा मेघवितानमध्यविलसत्सौदामिनीचञ्चलाः (bhogā meghavitānamadhyavilasatsaudāminīcañcalāḥ) Bh.3.54; Ki.2.19; मनश्चञ्चलमस्थिरम् (manaścañcalamasthiram) Bg.6.26.

-laḥ 1 The wind.

2) A lover

3) A libertine.

-lā 1 Lightning.

2) Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Trembling, Shaking. moving, unsteady. 2. Fickle, inconsiderate, inconstant, (unsteady, metaphorically.) m.

(-laḥ) 1. The wind. 2. A lecher, a libertine, a lover. f.

(-lā) 1. Lightning. 2. Lakshmi or the goddess of the fortune. 3. Long pepper. E. cala to go, in the reiterative form, num inserted. canca alac . cañcaṃ gatiṃ lāti lā ka vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—[cañcal + a] ([frequentative.] of cal), adj., f. . 1. Moving to and fro, unsteady, Mahābhārata 8, 3920.; [Pañcatantra] 204, 1. 2. Fickle, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 7, 57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—[adjective] movable, unsteady, unconstant, fickle; [abstract] tva [neuter]

— [masculine] lover, libertine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cañcala (चञ्चल):—mf(ā)n. ([from] [Intensive] √cal) moving to and fro, movable, unsteady, shaking, quivering, flickering, [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) unsteady, inconstant, inconsiderate, [ib.]

3) m. the wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a lover, libertine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of an Asura, [Gaṇeśa-purāṇa]

6) (also) a wagtail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Cañcalā (चञ्चला):—[from cañcala] f. lightning, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 354]

8) [v.s. ...] a river, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

9) [v.s. ...] long pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] fortune, goddess of fortune (Lakṣmī), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. [Mahābhārata xii, 8258; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.)

11) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 16 syllables

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Trembling, fickle. m. The wind; a libertine. f. () Lightning; Lakshmi.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cañcala (चञ्चल):—(vom intens. von cal)

1) adj. f. ā sich hinundherbewegend, beweglich, unstät, wandelbar [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 24.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1454.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 645.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 89.] (śaktiḥ) nāgajihveva cañcalā [Mahābhārata 8, 3920.] kiśorāviva cañcalau [Harivaṃśa 3481.] nāradaḥ [3210.] pradhāvanāccañcalaḥ [Suśruta 1, 316, 7.] mīnaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 44, 23.] cañcalāpāṅgī [Mahābhārata 7, 2142.] dṛṣṭiḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 48, 23.] [Caurapañcāśikā 28. -] [Amaruśataka 99.] [Gītagovinda 7, 16.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 8, 21.] mattakarikarṇacañcalāṃ rājyalakṣmīm [Pañcatantra 204, 1.] bhogāḥ saudāminīcañcalāḥ [Bhartṛhari 3, 36. 81.] śrīḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 8258.] [Rāmāyaṇa.6, 95, 43.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 56.] yuddhe siddhiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 41, 17. 6, 33, 39.] sarvamālokya cañcalam [Kathāsaritsāgara 5, 126.] cittavṛttayaḥ strīṇām [7, 57.] manas [Bhagavadgītā 6, 26.] yauvana [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 20, 12.] ati [Sāhityadarpana 135.] cañcalatara [Bhartṛhari 3, 50.] a [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 28, 9.] —

2) m. a) Wind. — b) Liebhaber, der Geliebte [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

3) f. ā a) Blitz [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 11.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1105.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) langer Pfeffer [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Glück [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Name eines Metrums (4 Mal ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘) [Colebrooke II, 162 (XI, 3).]

--- OR ---

Cañcala (चञ्चल):—

2) c) Nomen proprium eines Asura [Oxforder Handschriften 78,b,47.] —

3) a) [Spr. 1850.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cañcala (चञ्चल):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) sich hinundher bewegend , beweglich , unstät , wandelbar. Nom.abstr. tva n.

2) m. — a) *Wind. — b) Liebhaber , der Geliebte. — c) Nomen proprium eines Asura. —

3) f. ā — a) *Blitz. — b) *Fluss [Galano's Wörterbuch] — c) *langer Pfeffer. — d) *Glück , die Göttin Lakṣmī Gal. — e) ein best. Metrum.

4) *f. ī eine Art Grille [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa (roth) ]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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