Cancala, Cañcala, Cañcalā, Camcala: 28 definitions


Cancala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanchala.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cañcalā (चञ्चला).—A river from Ṛṣyavat.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Cañcalā (चञ्चला) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Citrā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Cañcalā (चञ्चला) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., cañcalā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Cañcala (चञ्चल) (lit. “unsteady, quivering”) is a synonym (another name) for the Khañjana, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Cañcalā (चञ्चला):—Unsteady

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Cañcala (चञ्चल) refers to “moving”, representing one of the “sixteen stations of the ascent of kuṇḍalinī”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (10) Above that is the subtle element of Sound (nādatanmātra). It is (in the form of a) straight (line). (Subtle) as a sky-flower, think of it as moving [i.e., cañcala] and straight. [...]”.

2) Cañcala (चञ्चल) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight servants (ceṭāṣṭaka): Cañcala, Bhāsura, Bhīma, Lampaṭa, Chadmakāraka, Mahākruddha, Vyakta, Ūrdhvakeśa.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Cañcalā (चञ्चला) refers to “(she who is) unsteady (by nature)”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] He who remembers your next syllable, which is īśa with abja, vahni, and padma, is remembered by goddesses in heaven, Nāga maidens in the netherworld, and women on earth confused by the arrows of Kāma. One of pure mind who recites with complete devotion (samyagbhakti) the lakṣmī-syllable, which is difficult for bad people to obtain, him the goddess of good fortune will always be eager to see, and although unsteady (cañcalā) (by nature) she will remain at his doorstep out of devotion. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Cancala in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Cañcala (चञ्चल) refers to “restless” (e.,g., ‘having a restless mind’), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “It is taught that when the breath moves bindu moves; the mind of he whose bindu is moving is restless (cañcala)”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Cañcala (चञ्चल) refers to the “fickle (mind)”, according to the 310Bhagavadgītā verse 6.25cd-26.—Accordingly: “Having fixed the mind on the self, [the Yogin] should think of nothing whatsoever. Wherever the fickle (cañcala) and unsteady mind moves, there, having restrained it, he should direct it [back] to the self”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Cañcala (चञ्चल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Cañcala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Cañcala (चञ्चल) or Cañcalatva refers to the “fickleness (of women)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.Next he speaks about the fickleness (cañcalatvam) of women (strīṇāṃ)]—Women do not come, nor indeed will they go away, with anyone. Nevertheless, those who are ignorant enter hell for the sake of them”.

2) Cañcala (चञ्चल) refers to “inconstant (like lightning)”, according to Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “The meeting of beloved women is like a city in the sky. Youth or wealth is like a mass of clouds. Relations, children and bodies, etc. are perishable as lightning [com.saudāminī-cañcala—‘inconstant like lightning’]. You must understand that the whole action of the cycle of rebirth is thus momentary”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Caṃcalā (चंचला) refers to one of the Eighteen types of Horses commonly known to ancient Indian society, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] At page 23.22 of the Kuvalayamālā there is an enumeration of 18 kinds of horses, [e.g., Caṃcalā], [...].—Also see the Samarāīccackahā of Haribhadrasūri from  the beginning of the 8th century A.D.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cancala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cañcala : (adj.) unsteady; moving.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cañcala, (adj.) (Intens. of cal=car, to move, with n instead of r in reduplication, cp. Sk. cañcūryate=carcarīti, cañcala (=*carcara), Gr. gargalizw & gaggalizw to tickle; see also note on gala & cp. caṅkamati) moving to & fro, trembling, unsteady J. IV, 498 (=calācala); Sdhp. 317, 598. (Page 260)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cañcala (चंचल).—a S pop. cañcaḷa a Shaking, moving, trembling. 2 Fickle, capricious, volatile, flighty: also restless or fidgety. 3 Fugitive, fleeting, transitory. 4 Slippery, wanton, riggish--a woman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cañcala (चंचल).—a Shaking, moving, trembling. Fickle, capricious, volatile, flighty; also restless or fidgety. Fugitive,

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—a. [cañca-alaca, cañcaṃ gatiṃ lāti la-ka vā Tv.]

1) Moving, shaking, trembling, tremulous; श्रुत्वैव भीत- हरिणीशिशुचञ्चलाक्षीम् (śrutvaiva bhīta- hariṇīśiśucañcalākṣīm) Ch. P.27; चञ्चलकुण्डल (cañcalakuṇḍala) Gītagovinda 7; Amaru. 79.

2) (Fig.) Inconstant, fickle, unsteady; भोगा मेघवितानमध्यविलसत्सौदामिनीचञ्चलाः (bhogā meghavitānamadhyavilasatsaudāminīcañcalāḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.54; Kirātārjunīya 2.19; मनश्चञ्चलमस्थिरम् (manaścañcalamasthiram) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.26.

-laḥ 1 The wind.

2) A lover

3) A libertine.

-lā 1 Lightning.

2) Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Trembling, Shaking. moving, unsteady. 2. Fickle, inconsiderate, inconstant, (unsteady, metaphorically.) m.

(-laḥ) 1. The wind. 2. A lecher, a libertine, a lover. f.

(-lā) 1. Lightning. 2. Lakshmi or the goddess of the fortune. 3. Long pepper. E. cala to go, in the reiterative form, num inserted. canca alac . cañcaṃ gatiṃ lāti lā ka vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—[cañcal + a] ([frequentative.] of cal), adj., f. . 1. Moving to and fro, unsteady, Mahābhārata 8, 3920.; [Pañcatantra] 204, 1. 2. Fickle, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 7, 57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल).—[adjective] movable, unsteady, unconstant, fickle; [abstract] tva [neuter]

— [masculine] lover, libertine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cañcala (चञ्चल):—mf(ā)n. ([from] [Intensive] √cal) moving to and fro, movable, unsteady, shaking, quivering, flickering, [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) unsteady, inconstant, inconsiderate, [ib.]

3) m. the wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a lover, libertine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of an Asura, [Gaṇeśa-purāṇa]

6) (also) a wagtail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Cañcalā (चञ्चला):—[from cañcala] f. lightning, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 354]

8) [v.s. ...] a river, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

9) [v.s. ...] long pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] fortune, goddess of fortune (Lakṣmī), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. [Mahābhārata xii, 8258; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.)

11) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 16 syllables

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cañcala (चञ्चल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Trembling, fickle. m. The wind; a libertine. f. () Lightning; Lakshmi.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cañcala (चञ्चल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Caṃcala, Caṃcalā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cancala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cancala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Caṃcala (चंचल) [Also spelled chanchal]:—(a) unsteady, transient; inconstant; fickle; flickering; quivering, shaking; fidgety, restless; skittish; playful; coquettish; nimble; ~[citta] unsteady, fickle, fidgety, restless (person).

2) Caṃcalā (चंचला) [Also spelled chanchala]:—(nf) an epithet of Lakshmi: (the goddess of wealth); lightning; (a) unsteady, fickle; transient.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Caṃcala (चंचल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cañcala.

2) Caṃcalā (चंचला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cañcalā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṃcala (ಚಂಚಲ):—[adjective] moving to and fro unsteadily; unsteady; quivering; flickering; inconsistent.

--- OR ---

Caṃcala (ಚಂಚಲ):—

1) [noun] a lover; a paramour.

2) [noun] a man who is sexually unrestrained; a libertine.

3) [noun] air in movement; wind.

4) [noun] the quail Perdicula asiatica of Phasianidae family, with brown body and wings, black and grey stripes on the breast, short grey beak, short tail, that nests on the ground; jungle bush-quail.

--- OR ---

Caṃcaḷa (ಚಂಚಳ):—[adjective] = ಚಂಚಲ [camcala]1.

--- OR ---

Caṃcaḷa (ಚಂಚಳ):—[noun] = ಚಂಚಲ [camcala]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Cañcala (चञ्चल):—adj. 1. inconsistent; fickle; unsteady; naughty; 2. restless; 3. libertine; wanton;

2) Cañcalā (चञ्चला):—n. 1. lightning; 2. Mythol. an epithet of goddess Laxmi; 3. a type of meter;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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