Campu, Campū: 9 definitions

Introduction

Campu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Champu.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Campū (चम्पू) is a form of literature peculiar to the Sanskrit language. On one hand there is the prose romance which is a tale told in prose only, simple or elaborate, and on the other hand there is the verse-form. In other words the above two types can be said to be Ākhyayikā and Kathā forms and the Kāvya form resepctively. It is not a prose romance, because prose is not the only medium for the poet’s exposition of his tale, nor is it an epic.

The derivation of the word Campū is not clearly known. the word, however, may be derived from the root capi (camp) “to go” or “to walk”. So Campū is a work in which the story-teller narrates the tale while moving to and fro, in the same way as is done in the narration of a Harikathā which is also in prose and verse.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Campū (चम्पू).—A literary form of presenting a story in a mixture of prose and verse, and abounding in beautiful descriptions: "Gadyapadyamayaṃ kāvyaṃ Campūrityabhidhīyate". Over and above prose and verse the Campūs use daṇḍakas (very long, involved and poetical prose). This literary form had its origin first in Sanskrit and other Indian languages adopted it with some variations. For instance, though prose in Sanskrit Campūs is really prose, that in Malayalam is something akin to metrical prose. There are more than two hundred Campūs in Malayalam. The most famous of the Campū writers in Malayālam are Punam Namboothiri, Mahāmaṅgalam Namboothiri and Nīlakaṇṭha.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

campū (चंपू).—m S A species of composition,--alternate prose and verse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

campū (चंपू).—m A species of composition-alter- nate prose and verse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Campū (चम्पू).—f. A kind of elaborate and highly artificial composition in which the same subject is continued through alterations in prose and verse; गद्यपद्यमयं काव्यं चम्पूरित्यभिधीयते (gadyapadyamayaṃ kāvyaṃ campūrityabhidhīyate) S. D.569; for instance भोजचम्पू, नलचम्पू, भारतचम्पू (bhojacampū, nalacampū, bhāratacampū) &c.

Derivable forms: campūḥ (चम्पूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Campū (चम्पू).—f.

(-mpūḥ) A work in which the same subject is continued through alternations in the composition of prose and verse. E. cam to eat or be eaten, ū affix pa inserted; what is relished by persons of taste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Campū (चम्पू) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Rāmanātha. Bik. 254. (and—[commentary]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Campū (चम्पू):—f. a kind of elaborate composition in which the same subject is continued through alternations in prose and verse (gadya and padya), [Kāvyādarśa i, 31; Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 336; Pratāparudrīya] (cf. gaṅgā-, nala-.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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