Cakrin: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cakrin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakrin.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Cakrin (चक्रिन्).—A grammarian who has written a small disquisition on the correctness of the form जाग्रहीता (jāgrahītā). See जाग्रहीतेतिवाद (jāgrahītetivāda).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Cakrin (चक्रिन्) refers to a sub-division of the Kulārya class of Āryas (one of the two types of human beings), taking birth in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—(cf. Commentary to Tattvārthādhigamasūtra 3.15)

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions: kṣetra (country), jāti (caste), kula (family), karma (work), śilpa (craft), and bhāṣā (language). [...] Kulāryas are the Kulakaras, Cakrins, Viṣṇus, and Balas, or those who are born in a pure family from the third, fifth, or seventh generation”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cakrin.—(EI 9), same as Cakravartin. (EI 4, 19), ‘the ruler of a cakra (circle) or district’; title of a provincial ruler. Note: cakrin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakrin (चक्रिन्).—a. [cakramastyasya ini]

1) Having a wheel, wheeled.

2) Bearing a discus.

3) Driving in a carriage.

4) circular, round.

5) Indicative (sūcaka). -m.

1) An epithet of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, Śi.13.22; प्रणेमुः पाण्डवा भीष्मं सानुगाः सह चक्रिणा (praṇemuḥ pāṇḍavā bhīṣmaṃ sānugāḥ saha cakriṇā) Bhāg.1.9.4.

2) A potter.

3) An oilman.

4) An emperor, a universal monarch, absolute ruler.

5) The governor of a province.

6) An ass.

7) The ruddy goose.

8) An informer.

9) A snake.

1) A crow.

11) A kind of tumbler or juggler.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrin (चक्रिन्).—mfn. (-krī-kriṇī-kri) 1. Having or holding a discus, &c. 2. Wheeled, having a wheel. 3. Circular. m. (-krī) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. A potter. 3. The ruddy goose. 4. A snake. 5. An informer. 6. A tumbler, one who exhibits tricks with a discus or a wheel. 7. An oil grinder. 8. An emperor, a Chakravarti: see cakravarttin 9. One who rides in a cariage. 10. A crow. 11. An ass. 12. Cassia, (the tree.) E. cakra a wheel, &c. and ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrin (चक्रिन्).—i. e. cakra + in, I. adj. Driving in a carriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 138. Ii. m. 1. A name of Viṣṇu, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 17. 2. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 13, 745. 3. An oil-grinder, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 141.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrin (चक्रिन्).—[adjective] having wheels or a discus, driving in a chariot; [masculine] sovereign, king, serpent, [Epithet] of Viṣṇu or Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakrin (चक्रिन्):—[from cakra] mfn. having wheels, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] driving in a carriage, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti ii, 138; Yājñavalkya i, 117]

3) [v.s. ...] bearing a discus, or (m.) ‘discus-bearer’, Kṛṣṇa, [Bhagavad-gītā xi, 17; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 9, 4; Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 262]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a potter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] an oil-grinder, [Yājñavalkya i, 141]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 745]

7) [v.s. ...] a sovereign of the world, king, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

8) [v.s. ...] the governor of a province (grāma-jālika; grāmayājin, ‘one who offers sacrifices for a whole village’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of juggler or tumbler who exhibits tricks with a discus or a wheel (jālika-bhid), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] an informer (sūcaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a cheat, rogue, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a snake

13) [v.s. ...] the Cakra (-vāka) bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] an ass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] = kra-gaja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] ‘Name of a man’ (?) See cakri

18) [v.s. ...] Dalbergia ujjeinensis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] = kra-kāraka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a Vaiṣṇava sect (cf. sa-.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakrin (चक्रिन्):—(krī) 5. m. Vishnu; a potter; ruddy goose; snake; tumbler; oil grinder; emperor; crow; ass. a. Holding a discus.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cakrin (चक्रिन्):—(wie eben)

1) adj. Räder habend: yāna [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 19.] —

2) adj. subst. einen Discus führend, Beiw. und Beiname Kṛṣṇa’s [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 238.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 263.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 62.] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] [Bhagavadgītā 11, 17.] [BHĀG.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 9, 4.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 262. Śiva’s] [Mahābhārata 13, 745.] —

3) adj. im Wagen fahrend: cakriṇo daśamīsthasya rogiṇo bhāriṇaḥ striyaḥ . snātakasya ca rājñaśca panthā deyo varasya ca .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 138.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 117]; vgl. [Mahābhārata 13, 7570], wo st. dessen cakradharasya gelesen wird. —

4) m. Töpfer [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

5) m. Oelmüller [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 141]; vgl. cakravant . —

6) m. Weltherrscher, = cakravartin [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 948.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha]; vgl. ardhacakrin . —

7) m. = jālikabhid [Medinīkoṣa], welches wir durch eine Art Betrüger (a tumbler, one who exhibits tricks with a discus or wheel [Wilson’s Wörterbuch]) wiedergeben würden; [Śabdakalpadruma] substituirt aber dafür (viell. nach [VIŚVA]) grāmajālika, welches wohl nur Gouverneur einer Provinz bedeuten kann. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] liest grāmayājin der für ein ganzes Dorf opfert.

8) m. = sūcaka [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] übersetzt das vieldeutige (vgl. u. [11.]) Wort durch an informer.

9) m. Esel [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. cakrīvant . —

10) = cakravāka Anas Casarca [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

11) m. Krähe [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] Diese Bed. hat auch sūcaka (vgl. u. [8]). —

12) m. Schlange [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 1, 7.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1304.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hārāvalī 15.] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

13) m. = cakramarda Cassia Tora Lin.

14) m. = tiniśa Dalbergia ougeinensis Roxb.

15) m. = vyālanakha ein best. Parfum [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. sacakrin .

--- OR ---

Cakrin (चक्रिन्):—

5) [Spr. 4723.] —

16) m. pl. Name einer Viṣṇu'itischen Secte [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 15. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cakrin (चक्रिन्):——

1) Adj. — a) Räder habend. — b) einen Discus tragend. — c) im Wagen fahrend [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra] —

2) m. — a) *Töpfer. — b) Oelmüller. — c) Beiname — α) Kṛṣṇa's. — β) Śiva's. — d) *Weltherrer. — e) *Gouverneur einer Provinz. — f) *ein Jina [Galano's Wörterbuch] — g) *Angeber , delator. — h) *Ränkeschmied. — i) *der für ein ganzes Dorf opfert. — k) Schlange [Indische sprüche 7640.] — l) Anas Casarca [Madanapāla’s Madanavinoda 127,67.] [Rājan 4,202.] — m) *Krähe. — n) *Cassia Tora — o) *Dalbergia ougeinensis [Rājan 9,119.] — p) *unguis odoratus [Rājan 12,131.] — q) Pl. Nomen proprium einer Vischṇu'itischen Secte.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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