Cakravarti, Cakravartī: 4 definitions



Cakravarti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakravarti.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Cakravarti in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cakravartī (चक्रवर्ती).—An Angirasa and mantrakṛt.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 110.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Cakravarti in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Cakravartī (चक्रवर्ती).—Cakravartīs are emperors who rule over a part of the world (e.g. Bhārata-land having six parts). Their life is embellished with similar features like those of the Tīrthaṅkaras. Every Cakravartī obtains his high rank on account of good actions done in earlier existences and on account of a Nidāna, i.e. a wish which is passionately cherished in an earlier life. He is born in the royal family of Ikṣvāku, grows in pomp and glory and is experienced in all arts and sciences. Having beauty and power, being brace and clerver, he is embellished with 36 insignias of mind and body. After vanquishing all the opponents in battle, he conquers the world.

Cakravartīs owe their success not only to their capability and power and the support they get fro mtheir supermundane beings, but also, above all, to the wonderful “gems” ratna) and previous “treasures” (nidhi) which are in their possession.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakravarti in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cakravartī (चक्रवर्ती).—m An emperor or a lord paramount.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakravarti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Cakravartī (चक्रवर्ती) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Bhāgavatapurāṇaṭīkā by Nārāyaṇa.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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