Cakramarda: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cakramarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakramarda.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Cakramarda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cakramarda (चक्रमर्द) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cassia tora (“sickle senna”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. It is also known as Cakragaja. The plant Cakramarda is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Cakramarda is also mentioed as part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Cakramarda alleviates kapha and vāta.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Prapunnāṭa, Dadrughna, Meṣalocana, Padmāṭa, Eḍagaja, Cakrī and Punnāṭa. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Cakramarda (चक्रमर्द) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Cassia tora Linn., synonym of Senna tora or “sickle senna” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.198-200 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Cakramarda is commonly known in Hindi as Cakavaḍa or Pavāṇḍā; in Bengali as Cavuka; in Marathi as Taklā; in Gujarati as Kuvādio; in Telugu as Tantemū; and in Tamil as Taghārāi.

Cakramarda is mentioned as having eighteen synonyms: Aṇḍagaja, Gajākhya, Meṣāhvaya, Eḍagaja, Aṇḍahastī, Vyāvartaka, Cakragaja, Cakrī, Punnāḍa, Punnāṭa, Vimardaka, Dadrughna, Tarvaṭa, Cakrāhva, Śukanāsana, Dṛḍhabīja, Prapunnāṭa and Kharjūghna.

Properties and characteristics: “Cakramarda is pungent (kaṭu), quick acting (tīvrā) and it controls excessive fat (meda), vāta and kapha. It is indicated in pruritis, eczema, ring worm, pain, wounds, leprosy and allied skin disorders”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakramarda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakramarda (चक्रमर्द):—[=cakra-marda] [from cakra] m. = -gaja, [Suśruta iv, 9, 11.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cakramarda (चक्रमर्द):—(cakra + marda) m. Name eines Strauchs, Cassia Tora Lin. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 2, 66, 7.] Vgl. cakra [13.] und cakrataila, wo cakra viell. nur eine Abkürzung von cakramarda ist. cakra wird durch tagarapuṣpa erklärt und im Tamil und Telinga hat die Cassia Tora einen mit Tagara zusammengesetzten Namen, woher dieselbe bei einigen Botanikern auch den Namen Cassia Tagara führt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cakramarda (चक्रमर्द):—m. Cassia Tora [Rājan 4,202.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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