Cakkavala, Cakkavāḷa, Cakkavāla: 3 definitions
Cakkavala means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The name given to a whole world system, there being countless such systems.
Each Cakkavala is twelve hundred and three thousand, four hundred and fifty yojanas in extent and consists of the earth, two hundred and four thousand nahutas of yojanas in volume, surrounded by a region of water four hundred and eight thousand nahutas of yojanas in volume. This rests on air, the thickness of which is nine hundred and sixty thousand nahutas of yojanas. In the centre of the Cakkavala is Mount Sineru, one hundred and sixty eight yojanas in height, half of which is immersed in the ocean.
Around Sineru are seven mountain ranges, Yugandhara, Isadhara, Karavika, Sudassana, Nemindhara, Vinataka and Assakanna. The mountains are inhabited by the Regent Gods (Maharajas) and their followers, the Yakkhas.
Within the Cakkavala is the Himava mountain, one hundred leagues high, with eighty four thousand peaks. Surrounding the whole Cakkavala is the Cakkavalasila. Belonging to each Cakkavala is a moon, forty nine leagues in diameter, a sun of fifty leagues, the Tavatimsabhavana, the Asurabhavana, the Avicimahaniraya and the four mahadipas - Jambudipa, Aparagoyana, Pubbavideha and Uttarakuru, each mahadipa surrounded by five hundred minor dipas.
Between the Cakkavalas exist the Lokantarika niraya (SA.ii.442f.; DhsA.297f).
In each Cakkavala are four Regent Gods (Cattaro Maharaja) (AA.i.439).
A sun can illuminate only one Cakkavala; the rays of light from the Buddhas body can illuminate all the Cakkavalas (AA.i.440).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
cakkavāḷa : (m.; nt.) a world-circle; a solar system.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Cakkavāḷa, (m. & nt.) a circle, a sphere, esp. a mythical range of mountains supposed to encircle the world; pl. worlds or spheres J. I, 53, 203; VI, 330; Vism. 205 (its extent), 207, 367, 421; DhsA. 297; DhA 11. 15; III, 498; in the trope “cakkavāḷaṃ atisambādhaṃ brahmaloko atinīco” (=the whole world cannot hold it) to express immensity DhA. I, 310; VvA. 68.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+4): Cakkavalapabbata, Cakkavalagabbha, Cakkavalarajja, Pubbavideha, Tathagatena Vutta Sutta, Lokadhatu, Varavarana, Lokantaraniraya, Balacakravartin, Cakravada, Manushyaloka, Cakkavattin, Pabbata, Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, Sambadha, Sineru, Aparagoyana, Jambudipa, Uttarakuru, Earthly Realms.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Cakkavala, Cakkavāḷa, Cakkavāla; (plurals include: Cakkavalas, Cakkavāḷas, Cakkavālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Enlightenment after Defeat of Māra < [Part 2 - Discourse on the non-remote preface (avidūre-nidāna)]
Birth of Prince Siddhartha, the Future Gotama Buddha < [Part 2 - Discourse on the non-remote preface (avidūre-nidāna)]
Commentary on Biography of the thera Subhadda < [Chapter 5 - Upālivagga (section on Upāli)]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 7 - The Great Homage paid by the Devas and Brahmās < [Chapter 7 - The Attainment of Buddhahood]
Buddha attributes (5): Lokavidū < [Chapter 42 - The Dhamma Ratanā]
Chapter 3 - Sumedha the Brahmin < [Volume 1.1]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III. Are the beings to be known infinite in number? < [Part 2 - Distinguishing the movements of mind of all beings]
The Life of Sariputta (by Nyanaponika Thera)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)