Cakka Sutta; 2 Definition(s)


Cakka Sutta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Cakka Sutta in Theravada glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

1. Cakka Sutta - On the four wheels that lead to prosperity: dwelling in fit places, association with the good, perfect self adjustment (attasammapanidhi) and merit done aforetime. A.ii.32 f.; D.iii.276; cf. Mangala Sutta.

2. Cakka Sutta - A king who knows the good (attha) dhamma, the measure (matta), the season (kala), and the nature of his assemblies (parisa) wields dominion that cannot be wrested from him. A Buddhas dominion is also the same. A.iii.147f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Cakka Sutta in Pali glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cakka, (nt.) (Vedic cakra, redupl. formation fr. *quel to turn round (cp. P. kaṇṭha › Lat. collus & see also note on gala)=that which is (continuously) turning, i.e. wheel, or abstr, the shape or periphery of it, i.e. circle. Cakra=Gr. ku/klos, Ags. hveohl, hveol=wheel. The unredupl. form in Sk. carati (versatur), Gr. pέlomai, poleu/w, poλos (pole); Lat. colo, incolo; Obulg. kolo wheel, Oisl. hvel) I. Crude meaning: 1. a wheel (of a carriage) Dh. 1; PvA. 65 (ratha°); Miln. 27.—2. a discus used as a missile weapon J. I, 74; Pgdp 36; cp. khura° a razor as an Instr. of torture.—3. a disc, a circle: heṭṭhāpādatalesu cakkāni jātāni, forming the 2nd characteristic mark of a Mahāpurisa D. II, 17= III, 143; D. III, 149.—J. II, 331; Miln. 51.—4. an array of troops (under tayo vyūhā: paduma° cakka° sakaṭa°) J. II, 404=IV. 343.—II. Applied meaning: 1. (a wheel as component part of a carriage, or one of a duad or tetrad=) collection, set, part; succession; sphere, region, cycle Vin. I, 330 (cp. Vin. Texts II. 281); III, 96; iriyāpatha° the 4 ways of behaviour, the various positions (standing, walking, sitting, lying down) DA. I, 249; Sdhp. 604. sā°, miga° the sphere or region of dogs & wild animals Miln. 178; cakkena (Instr.) in succession PvA. III, cakkaṃ kātabbaṃ, or bandhitabbaṃ freq. in Yam. and Paṭṭh, “The cycle of formulated words is to be here repeated. " — 2. (like the four wheels constituting the moving power of a carriage=) a vehicle, instrument, means & ways; attribute, quality; state, condition, esp. good condition (fit instrumentality), catucakka an Instr. of four, a lucky tetrad, a fourwheeler of the body as expressing itself in the four kinds of deportment, iriyāpathas A. II, 32; S. I, 16, 63 (catucakkaṃ). In this sense generalized as a happy state, consisting of “4 blessings": paṭirūpadesa-vāsa, sappurisûpassaya, atta-sammāpaṇidhi, pubbe-kata-puññatā A. II, 32; J. V, 114; mentioned at Ps. I, 84. Cp. also Sn. 554 sq. ; 684. Esp. pronounced in the two phrases dhamma-cakka (the wheel of the Doctrine, i.e. the symbol of conquering efficacy, or happiness implicated in the D.) and brahma-c° the best wheel, the supreme instrument, the noblest quality. Both with pavatteti to start & kcep up (like starting & guiding a carriage), to set rolling, to originate, to make universally known. dhamma° e.g. S. I, 191; A. I, 23, 101; II, 34, 120; III, 151; IV, 313; Sn. 556 sq. ; 693; J. III, 412; Ps. II, 159 sq. ; PvA. 67 (see dhamma). brahma° M. I, 71; S. II, 27; A. II, 9, 24; III, 9, 417; V, 33; Vbh. 317 sq. ; 344 (see brahma). Cp. cakkavattin (below).—Cp. vi°.

—chinna (udaka) (water of a well) the wheel of which is broken Ud. 83; —bhañjanin one who destroys a state of welfare & good J. V, 112 (patirāpadesavāsādino kusala-cakkassa bhañjanī C.); —bheda breaking peace or concord, sowing discord Vin. II, 198; III, 171; —yuga a pair of wheels Vv 832; —ratana the treasure of the wheel, that is of the sun (cp. Rh. D. Buddh. Suttas p. 252; Dialogues II. 197, 102) D. II, 171; III, 59 sq. , 75; J. I, 63; II, 311; DA. I, 249. See also cakkavattin; —vaṭṭaka (nt.) a scoop-wheel (a wheel revolving over a well with a string of earthen pots going down empty & coming up full, after dredger fashion) Vin. II, 122; —vattin (cp. dhammacakkaṃ pavatteti above) he who sets rolling the Wheel, a just & faithful king (rājā hoti c. dhammiko dhammarājā cāturanto Sn. p. 106, in corresp. pass. v. 1002 as vijeyya pathaviṃ imaṃ adaṇḍena asatthena dhammena-m-anusāsati). A definition is given by Bdhgh. at DA. I, 249.—Three sorts of c. are later distinguished: a cakkavāla-c° a universal king, or cāturanta-c° (ruling over four great continents Sn. p. 106; KhA 227), a dīpa-c° (ruling over one), a padesa-c° (ruling over part of one) Usually in phrase rājā cakka vattin: D. I, 88; III, 156; IV, 302; V, 44, 99, 342; D. II, 16, 172; III, 59 sq. , 75, 142 sq. ; M. III, 65; A. I, 76, 109 sq. ; II, 37, 133, 245; III, 147 sq; 365; IV, 89, 105; V, 22; Kh VIII, 12 (°sukha); J. I, 51; II, 395; IV, 119; Vbh. 336; PvA. 117; VvA. 18; Sdhp. 238, 453; DhA. II, 135 (°sirī).—°gabbha Vism. 126: —°rajjaṃ kāresi J. II, 311; —viddha (nt.) a particular form of shooting J. V, 130; —samārūḷha (adj.) having mounted the wheels, i.e. their carts (of janapadā) A. I, 178; III, 66, 104. (Page 258)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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