Cakka: 6 definitions

Introduction

Cakka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakka.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'wheel', is one of the seven 'precious possessions' (ratana) of a righteous World Emperor (cakkavatti: 'He who owns the Wheel,' cf. D. 26), and symbolizes conquering progress and expanding sovereignty. From that derives the figurative expression dhamma-cakkam pavatteti, 'he sets rolling the Wheel of the Law' and the name of the Buddha's first sermon, Dhamma-cakkappavattana Sutta (s. dhamma-cakka).

Another figurative meaning of C. is 'blessing'. There are 4 such 'auspicious wheels' or 'blessings': living in a suitable locality, company of good people, meritorious acts done in the past, right inclinations (A. IV, 31).

Bhava-cakka, 'wheel of existence', or of life, is a name for 'dependent origination' (s. paticca-samuppāda).

See The Buddhist Wheel Symbol, by T. B. Karunaratne (WHEEL 137/138); The Wheel of Birth and Death, by Bhikkhu Khantipalo (WHEEL 147/149)

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Cakka (चक्क) is the Prakrit name of a Yakṣa chief, obiedient to Vaiśramaṇa (god of wealth, also known as Kubera), according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra, also known as The Vyākhyāprajñapti (“Exposition of Explanations”). The Bhagavatī-sūtra is the largest of twelve Jain āgamas and was composed by Sudharmāsvāmī in the 6th century.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cakka : (nt.) a wheel; circle; disc; cycle; command.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cakka, (nt.) (Vedic cakra, redupl. formation fr. *quel to turn round (cp. P. kaṇṭha › Lat. collus & see also note on gala)=that which is (continuously) turning, i.e. wheel, or abstr, the shape or periphery of it, i.e. circle. Cakra=Gr. ku/klos, Ags. hveohl, hveol=wheel. The unredupl. form in Sk. carati (versatur), Gr. pέlomai, poleu/w, poλos (pole); Lat. colo, incolo; Obulg. kolo wheel, Oisl. hvel) I. Crude meaning: 1. a wheel (of a carriage) Dh. 1; PvA. 65 (ratha°); Miln. 27.—2. a discus used as a missile weapon J. I, 74; Pgdp 36; cp. khura° a razor as an Instr. of torture.—3. a disc, a circle: heṭṭhāpādatalesu cakkāni jātāni, forming the 2nd characteristic mark of a Mahāpurisa D. II, 17= III, 143; D. III, 149.—J. II, 331; Miln. 51.—4. an array of troops (under tayo vyūhā: paduma° cakka° sakaṭa°) J. II, 404=IV. 343.—II. Applied meaning: 1. (a wheel as component part of a carriage, or one of a duad or tetrad=) collection, set, part; succession; sphere, region, cycle Vin. I, 330 (cp. Vin. Texts II. 281); III, 96; iriyāpatha° the 4 ways of behaviour, the various positions (standing, walking, sitting, lying down) DA. I, 249; Sdhp. 604. sā°, miga° the sphere or region of dogs & wild animals Miln. 178; cakkena (Instr.) in succession PvA. III, cakkaṃ kātabbaṃ, or bandhitabbaṃ frequent in Yam. and Paṭṭh, “The cycle of formulated words is to be here repeated.” — 2. (like the four wheels constituting the moving power of a carriage=) a vehicle, instrument, means & ways; attribute, quality; state, condition, esp. good condition (fit instrumentality), catucakka an Instr. of four, a lucky tetrad, a fourwheeler of the body as expressing itself in the four kinds of deportment, iriyāpathas A. II, 32; S. I, 16, 63 (catucakkaṃ). In this sense generalized as a happy state, consisting of “4 blessings”: paṭirūpadesa-vāsa, sappurisûpassaya, atta-sammāpaṇidhi, pubbe-kata-puññatā A. II, 32; J. V, 114; mentioned at Ps. I, 84. Cp. also Sn. 554 sq. ; 684. Esp. pronounced in the two phrases dhamma-cakka (the wheel of the Doctrine, i.e. the symbol of conquering efficacy, or happiness implicated in the D.) and brahma-c° the best wheel, the supreme instrument, the noblest quality. Both with pavatteti to start & kcep up (like starting & guiding a carriage), to set rolling, to originate, to make universally known. dhamma° e.g. S. I, 191; A. I, 23, 101; II, 34, 120; III, 151; IV, 313; Sn. 556 sq. ; 693; J. III, 412; Ps. II, 159 sq. ; PvA. 67 (see dhamma). brahma° M. I, 71; S. II, 27; A. II, 9, 24; III, 9, 417; V, 33; Vbh. 317 sq. ; 344 (see brahma). Cp. cakkavattin (below).—Cp. vi°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cakka (चक्क).—a Bright-shining. A word particularly of shroffs, and applied by them, and after them by others, first to silver and gold, and then to trinkets, implements, clothes, house, and every thing, in the sense of Bright, splendid, spruce, trim, fine, clean, good. 2 a & ad Lost in admiration or wonder.

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cakka (चक्क).—n A flash. Ex. prathama cakka jhālēṃ ēkadāṃ maga kaḍakaḍūna vīja paḍalī.

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cakkā (चक्का).—m cakkādahīṃ n ( H) Milk coagulated firmly and uniformly, a kind of cheese. 2 (Cant.) A good dinner; a blow-out. Ex. āja cakkā kōṇī- kaḍē dharalā? āja cakkādahīṃ vāḍhalēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cakka (चक्क).—a Bright-shining. cakka n A flash.

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cakka (चक्क) [-kara-kan-diśī, -कर-कन्-दिशी].—&c. ad With a flash; with a sudden gleam, flare, or quick blaze.

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cakkā (चक्का).—m Milk coagulated firmly and uniformly, a kind of cheese.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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