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Cāra, aka: Cara; 4 Definition(s)


Cāra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Cāra can be transliterated into English as Cara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1) Cara (चर).—A son of Devajani, a Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 128.

2) Cāra (चार).—The spy in different disguises to be sent over his kingdom and that of the enemy; king not to act on the report of a single Cāra; the source of the kingdom; Cāracakṣu is the king.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 51 and 64; 25. 12. Matsya-purāṇa 215. 90-6; 226. 12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Cāra (चार) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “spy” (a man who, keeping his real character concealed, comes to know what is done and what is not done by others). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.116)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

about this context:

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

In Buddhism


Cāra, (fr. car carati to move about) motion, walking, going; doing, behaviour, action, process Miln. 162 (+vihāra); Dhs. 8=85 (=vicāra); DhsA. 167. Usually —° (n. & adj.): kāma° going at will J. IV, 261; pamāda° a slothful life J. I, 9; piṇḍa° alms-begging Sn. 414, 708; sabbaratti° wandering all night S. I, 201; samavattha° A. III, 257. See also carati Ib.

—vihāra doing & behaving, i.e. good conduct J. II, 232; Dpvs. VI, 38; cp. Miln. 162 (above). (Page 264)

— or —

Cara, (n-adj.) (from car, carati) 1. the act of going about, walking; one who walks or lives (usually —°): oka° living in water M. I, 117; J. VI, 416; antara° S. IV, 173; eka° solitary Sn. 166; saddhiṃ° a companion Sn. 45; anattha° J. V, 433; jala° Dāvs. IV, 38. See also cāreti & gocara.—Instr. carasā (adv.) walking M. I, 449.—cara-vāda “going about talk, " gossip, idle talk S. III, 12; V, 419.—sucara easy, duccara difficult Vin. III, 26.—2. one who is sent on a message, a secret emissary, a spy S. I, 79. Also as carapurisa J. II, 404; IV, 343; VI, 469; DhA. I, 193. ‹-› Note.—cara-purāya at A. V, 133 should be changed into v. l. SS paramparāya. (Page 262)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

cara : one who walks or frequents; 2. a spy. || cāra (m.), motion; action; process; going.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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