Budhna: 7 definitions

Introduction

Budhna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Budhna (बुध्न).—A son of Khaśa and a Rākṣasa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 134; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 166.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Budhna (बुध्न) refers to the “lower part” (of a tree), as mentioned in a list of three synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Budhna] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Budhna (बुध्न).—

1) The bottom of a vessel; अर्वाग् बिलश्चमस ऊर्ध्वबुध्नस्तस्मिन् यशो निहितं बिश्वरूपम् (arvāg bilaścamasa ūrdhvabudhnastasmin yaśo nihitaṃ biśvarūpam) Bṛ. Up.2.2.3.

2) The foot of a tree; बुध्नानधुरवाग्भावभिया शुण्डाग्रमण्डलैः (budhnānadhuravāgbhāvabhiyā śuṇḍāgramaṇḍalaiḥ) Śiva B.

3) The lowest part.

4) An epithet of Śiva. (Also budhnya in the last sense).

5) The body.

6) Ved. The sky.

7) The stock of a musket (Mar. dastā); सुकाष्ठोपाङ्गबुध्नं च (sukāṣṭhopāṅgabudhnaṃ ca) Śukra.4.128.

Derivable forms: budhnaḥ (बुध्नः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Budhna (बुध्न).—m.

(-dhnaḥ) 1. The root of a tree. 2. The bottom of a vessel. 3. Siva. E. budh to know, Unadi aff. nakḥ also bradhna in the last sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Budhna (बुध्न).—[budh + na], m. 1. The root of a tree. 2. Śiva; see budh.

— Cf. probably A. S. bytne, the bottom of a ship.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Budhna (बुध्न).—(or budhna) [masculine] [neuter] bottom, ground, depth, lowest part, foot of a tree, root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Budhna (बुध्न):—mn. (probably not connected with √budh; but cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 5]) bottom, ground, base, depth, lowest part of anything (as the root of a tree etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (budhna), [???; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) the sky, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

3) the body, [ib.]

4) Name of a son of the 14th Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]; often [wrong reading] for budhnya

5) cf. [Greek]πυθμήν [Latin] fundus; [German] bodam, bodem, Boden; [Anglo-Saxon] botm; [English] bottom.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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