Buddhist Clergy: 1 definition


Buddhist Clergy means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

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Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

The Buddhist clergy is often referred to as the Sangha, and consists of the order of monks (bhikshus) and nuns (bhikshunis) founded by Gautama Buddha during the 5th century BC, as well as lay preists and ngagpas. According to scriptural records, these monks and nuns lived an austere life of meditation, living as wandering beggars for nine months out of the year. In modern times, however, the role of Buddhist clergy can vary greatly across different countries. For instance, some sects in Korea, Japan, Buddhist clergy do not take the ordination of a monk or nun but take alternate ordination which allows them to marry. Likewise, there are some lamas who are ngagpas, who do not receive monastic ordination. On the other hand, countries practicing Theravada Buddhism, such as Thailand, Burma, and Sri Lanka, tend to take a much more conservative view of monastic life, and continue to observe precepts that forbid monks from touching women or working in certain secular roles.

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