Brihatphala, Bṛhatphalā, Brihat-phala, Bṛhatphala: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Brihatphala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Bṛhatphalā and Bṛhatphala can be transliterated into English as Brhatphala or Brihatphala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Brihatphala in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bṛhatphalā (बृहत्फला) is another name for Kaṭutumbī, a medicinal plant identified with Lagenaria siceraria (calabash or bottle gourd or bitter gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.56-57 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Bṛhatphalā and Kaṭutumbī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bṛhatphalā (बृहत्फला) is another name (synonym) for Kūṣmāṇḍa, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Benincasa hispida (ash gourd). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 7.160), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kūṣmāṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of brihatphala or brhatphala in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Brihatphala in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bṛhatphala (बृहत्फल) is part of the group of Gods inhabiting the fourth dhyāna of the Rūpadhātu (or Brahmaloka): the second of the three worlds, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Brihatphala in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Bṛhatphala (बृहत्फल) refers to “great fruit” and represents one of the eighteen “gods of the form-realms” (rūpāvacaradeva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 128). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., bṛhat-phala). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

One of the Arupyadhatu Devas:

The Brhatphala devas remain in the tranquil state attained in the fourth dhyana.

See Brhatphala Worlds

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Brihatphala in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Brihatphala in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader from the Cucurbitaceae (Pumpkin) family having the following synonyms: Cucumis colocynthis, Colocynthis vulgaris. For the possible medicinal usage of brihatphala, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Brihatphala in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Benincasa pruriens f. hispida (Thunb.) de Wilde & Duyfjes from the Cucurbitaceae (Pumpkin) family having the following synonyms: Benincasa cerifera, Cucurbita hispida, Benincasa hispida.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Brhatphala in India is the name of a plant defined with Benincasa hispida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cucurbita hispida Thunberg (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Vegetabilium, ed. 14 (1784)
· Memoria sopra una pianta cucurbitacea. (1818)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2001)
· Flora Japonica (1784)
· Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. (1783)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Brhatphala, for example health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brihatphala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bṛhatphala (बृहत्फल).—a.

1) having or bearing large fruits.

2) yielding good fruit or reward.

- Name of various plants (Mar. kaḍū bhopaḷā, kohaḷā etc.).

Bṛhatphala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bṛhat and phala (फल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bṛhatphala (बृहत्फल).—m. pl. (written vṛh° only Mahāvastu ii.349.1 and Mahāvyutpatti 3100; but = Pali vehapphala, which, if it really represents historically the [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] equivalent, that is if the latter is not a rationalizing hyper-Sanskritism, would seem to be a MIndic ‘vṛddhi’ form based on *vihap°; compare avṛha or abṛha(t) = Pali aviha; if not this, the origin of the Pali is obscure), having great fruition, one (the 3d, but in Mahāvastu and Pali 1st) of the classes of rūpāvacara gods in the 4th dhyānabhūmi; with or sc. deva, q.v.: Lalitavistara 150.9; 396.16; Mahāvastu ii.314.8; 319.6; 349.1; 360.21; Mahāvyutpatti 3100; Dharmasaṃgraha 128; Divyāvadāna 68.16; 138.23; 367.13; Bodhisattvabhūmi 62.5 (mis- printed bhṛh°); Gaṇḍavyūha 249.11; Avadāna-śataka i.5.3, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bṛhatphala (बृहत्फल):—[=bṛhat-phala] [from bṛhat > bṛṃh] mfn. having large fruit bringing great profit or reward, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a species of Plant (= caceṇḍā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a class of Buddhist gods, [Buddhist literature]

4) Bṛhatphalā (बृहत्फला):—[=bṛhat-phalā] [from bṛhat-phala > bṛhat > bṛṃh] f. Name of various plants (a species of wild cucumber; Beninkasa Cerifera; = mahājumbū = mahendra-vāruṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Brihatphala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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