Brihadaranyakopanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Brihadaranyakopanishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad can be transliterated into English as Brhadaranyakopanisad or Brihadaranyakopanishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Brihadaranyakopanishad in Vedanta glossary
Source: Google Books: Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad

The Bṛhadāraṇyaka is the biggest and most important one among principal Upaniṣads and contains numerous discussions of teachers, pupils, questioners and others. It is marked by philosophical speculations not opposed to but in conformity with a vigorous performance of rituals. The Bṛhadāraṇyaka reveals to us the towering personality of the great Upaniṣadic thinker Yājñavalkya who affirmed neti neti, i.e. indescibability of the Brahman, the ultimate Truth. It is on this basis that Śaṅkara built up his theory of Non-dualistic Vedānta.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Brihadaranyakopanishad in Hinduism glossary
Source: World Philosophy: Hinduism

The anonymous Bṛhadāranyaka Upaniṣad (c. 8th century BCE) is one of the earliest texts to reflect and argue about metaphysical questions: where the universe comes from, what it is made of. It has been an inspirational text for much of later (non-Buddhist) Indian philosophy.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upanishad (बृहदारण्यक उपनिषद्) is one of the older, "primary" (mukhya) Upanishads. It is contained within the Shatapatha Brahmana, and its status as an independent Upanishad may be considered a secondary extraction of a portion of the Brahmana text. This makes it one of the oldest texts of the Upanishad corpus. It is largely the oldest Upanishad, excluding some parts which were composed after the Chandogya. and the largely neglected Jaiminiya Upanisad Brahmana. It is associated with the Shukla Yajurveda. It figures as number 10 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads and was notably commented upon by Adi Shankara.

Content: The Upanishad is widely known for its philosophical statements and is ascribed to Yajnavalkya. Its name means "great-wilderness-Upaniṣad" or the "great forest of knowledge". It includes three sections: Madhu Kanda, Muni Kanda (or Yajnavalkya Kanda) and Khila Kanda.

The Madhu Kanda explains the teachings of the basic identity of the individual or Atman. Muni Kanda includes the conversations between the sage Yajnavalkya and one of his wives, Maitreyi. Methods of meditation and some secret rites are dealt in the Khila Kanda. The doctrine of "neti neti" (later on understood as "neither this, nor that") and an often quoted verse, "Asato Maa", is found in this Upanishad.

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a commentary on Purush Sukta of the Vedas. Being an intuitional revelation it is rich in the use of metaphors, symbolism and imagery to describe the nature of Reality. Instead of using deduction to derive the truth, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad uses self-evident psychological arguments. The Upanishad uses the imagery of Asvamedha sacrifice, described in Purusha Sukta, to depict the creation of the universe.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brihadaranyakopanishad in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad (बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Jones. 410. Io. 375. 964. 1143. 1973. 3182. W. p. 47. Oxf. 394^a. Khn. 4. B. 1, 104. 106. Ben. 74. 81. 84. Bik. 104. Tu7b. 6. Rādh. 4 (and—[commentary]). Oudh. Iii, 4. Ix, 2. Xiv, 2. Burnell. 34^a. P. 5. Bhr. 487. 494. Poona. Ii, 6. Jac. 697. Oppert. 28. 1508. 1509. 1928. 1995. 1996. 2167. 2168. 2192. 2278. 2384. 4226. 4389. 4426. 4546. 7128. Ii, 169. 397. 1639. 3060. 3516. 4088. 7100. 7655. 8284. 8503. 9174. Rice. 10. Peters. 3, 385.
—[commentary] B. 1, 104. Burnell. 34^a. Pheh. 11. Np. Viii, 40. 42. Oppert. 3654. 3819. 4996. 7344. 7530. 8117. Ii, 4761. Rice. 54.
—[commentary] Siddhāntadīpikā. Rice. 54.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Jones. 411. Io. 437. 1131. 2443. 3007. W. p. 47. Oxf. 392^a. Khn. 4. K. 18. B. 1, 106. Ben. 69. 71. 72. 74. 81. Tu7b. 8. Rādh. 4. Oudh. Ix, 2. Burnell. 34^a. Bhr. 247. Poona. 18. 19. 561. Ii, 118. 255. Oppert. 1927. 2245. 3655. 3819. Ii, 170. 635. 3725. 6349. 7101. 7656. 8138. 9957. Rice. 54.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Io. 150. W. p. 48. Oxf. 373^a. Ben. 69. 72. 81. Tu7b. 8. Rādh. 4. Oudh. Ix, 2. Xiii, 16. Xiv, 8. Burnell. 34^a.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Ānandatīrtha. Burnell. 99^b. Bhk. 7. Bhr. 248. 703. Oppert. Ii, 1265. 6083. Rice. 54. Sb. 389.
—[sub-commentary] Parabrahmaprakāśikā by Raghūttama. Burnell. 99^b. Bhr. 703. Taylor. 1, 196.
—[sub-commentary] by Vyāsatīrtha. Burnell. 99^b.
—[commentary] Dīpikā. B. 1, 106. Oppert. Ii, 4757. 4758. Rice. 54.
—[commentary] Dīpikā by Gaṅgādhara NW. 282. 284 (Gaṅgādharendra).
—[commentary] Mukhyārthaprakāśikā by Dvivedagaṅga. W. p. 46. Oxf. 393^b. Peters. 2, 114. Sb. 378.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Nityānandāśrama. Io. 559. 2939. 3008. K. 18. B. 1, 104. 106. Ben. 77. 79. Tu7b. 8. Rādh. 4. NW. 272. Oudh. 1877, 4. Xi, 2. Lahore. 2. P. 5. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 134.
—[commentary] Laghuvṛtti by Mathurānātha. NW. 314.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Raṅgarāmānuja. Oudh. Xv, 6. Burnell. 97^b.
—[commentary] by Sāyaṇa. Rice. 60. Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣatkhaṇḍārtha by Rāghavendra. Burnell. 110^a. Oppert. 3653. Bṛhadāraṇyakaviṣayanirṇaya. Rādh. 42. Bṛhadāraṇyakaviveka. Oppert. Ii, 4760.

2) Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad (बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्):—Cs. 136. 137 (inc.). Cu. add. 883. Hz. 201. Rgb. 27 ([fragmentary]). Stein 6 (inc.). 32.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Cs. 140. Cu. add. 2492 ([fragmentary]). Fl. 6. Hz. 221. 329. Stein 92.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Cs. 590 (adhy. 5 inc.). Stein 32. 33.
—[commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Cs. 144 (inc.). Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 58.
—[sub-commentary] Parabrahmaprakāśikā by Raghūttama. Cs. 141.
—[commentary] Mukhyārthaprakāśikā by Dvivedagānga. Stein 6 (prap. 5).
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Nityānandāśrama. Cs. 145. 591. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 58. Hz. 548. Stein 33. Weber 2095.
—[commentary] Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣadarthasaṃgraha by Rāghavendra. Stein 32.
—[commentary] by Vijñānabhikṣu. Cs. 138 (inc.). 139 (inc.).

3) Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad (बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्):—Ulwar 421-25.
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarācārya. Ulwar 422. 423.
—[sub-commentary] Nyāyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. Ulwar 423.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Nityānandāśrama. Ulwar 424.
—[commentary] Dīpikā by Nārāyaṇa. Ulwar 425.

4) Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad (बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्):—Ak 7 (Prapāṭhaka 3-5). 32 (inc.). As p. 119 (2 Mss.). Bd. 705. Hz. 773. 898. L.. 61 ([fragmentary]). 62 ([fragmentary]). Śg. 2, 42 (6 Adhyāyāḥ). Whish 21 c. C. by Śaṅkaracārya. Ak 32 (inc.). 773 (chapter 6). As p. 119 (2 Mss.). Bd. 654 (Adhyāyāḥ 6-8). Hz. 1017. 1386. Cc. Bṛhadāraṇyakabhāṣyaṭīkā. As p. 119. Cc. by Ānandatīrtha. As p. 119. Hpr. 2, 141. Hz. 1018. C. by Ānandatīrtha. Peters. 6, 33. C. Mitākṣarā by Nityānandāśrama. As p. 119 (3 Mss.). Weber 2095. C. by Rāghavendra. Bd. 705. C. by Sāyaṇa. As p. 119 (Pravargyakāṇḍa). Bd. 687 (Adhyāyāḥ 1-5 and part of 6). Bṛhadāraṇyakabhāṣyasaṃkṣepa by Śaṅkarācārya, with glosses by Ānandajñāna (from 3, 2 up to 6). Bd. 686.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad (बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्):—[=bṛhad-āraṇyakopaniṣad] [from bṛhad-āraṇyaka > bṛhad > bṛṃh] f., Name of a celebrated Upaniṣad forming the last 5 Prapāṭhakas or last 6 Adhyāyas of the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa

[Sanskrit to German]

Brihadaranyakopanishad in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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