Birana, Bīraṇa: 7 definitions


Birana means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Bīraṇa is the son of Horima from the Nikumba-family, according to the “Tālale plates of Gaṇḍarāditya ”. Accordingly, “In the holy and illustrious family of Nikumba was born a man named Horima, who was fond of fame, who regarded religious merit as his wealth, who was well-known, and was the sun to the lotuses in the form of famous Jaina congregations. His son here was named Bīraṇa, and his younger brother was Arikesarin. That Bīraṇa’s son has become well-known by the name of Kundati”.

These copper plates (mentioning Bīraṇa) were discovered by Ramchandrarao Appaji while he was digging in a field at Tālale in the Kolhāpur District. It is dated Tuesday, the tenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Māgha in the expired year 1032 (Śaka), the cyclic year being Virodhin. It records the grants made by Gaṇḍarāditya.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bīraṇa : (nt.) the grass andropogon muricatus, which produces fragrant roots.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bīraṇa, (cp. Sk. vīraṇa & vīraṇī-mūla=uśīra Halāyudha 2, 467) a fragrant grass, Andropogon muricatum S. III, 137; (here represented as larger than the kusa & babbaja grasses, smaller than a tree). (Page 488)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

birāṇā (बिराणा).—m A grain (as of gunpowder).

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birāṇā (बिराणा).—a ( H) Strange, foreign, not of one's own (family, kin, country).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

birāṇā (बिराणा).—m A grain (as of gunpowder). a Strange.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Birānā (बिराना):—(a) alien, not one’s own; (v) to offend by making wry faces, to jeer, to make mouths at.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bīraṇa (ಬೀರಣ):—[noun] a kind of double drum used on social occasions, as marriage.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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