Bhutakeshi, Bhūtakeśī, Bhuta-keshi: 8 definitions


Bhutakeshi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūtakeśī can be transliterated into English as Bhutakesi or Bhutakeshi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhutakeshi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bhutakeshi [भूतकेशी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau from the Scrophulariaceae (Figwort) family having the following synonyms: Celsia chinensis, Scrophularia chinensis. For the possible medicinal usage of bhutakeshi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी) is another name for  Nīlanirguṇḍī, the blue variety of Sinduvāra, a medicinal plant identified with Vitex negundo Linn. (or ‘chaste tree’) from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.153-154 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Bhūtakeśī and Nīlanirguṇḍī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी) also represents a synonym for Śephālī, a medicinal plant identified with Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (or ‘night-flowering jasmine’) from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.155-156. Together with the names Vātāri and Śephālī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Bhutakeshi in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bhutakeshi in India is the name of a plant defined with Justicia gendarussa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gendarussa vulgaris Nees (among others).

2) Bhutakeshi is also identified with Verbascum chinense It has the synonym Scrophularia chinensis L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Symbolae Botanicae (1794)
· Fl. Purandhar. (1958)
· Berichte der Schweizerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft (1976)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1847)
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores (Wallich) (1832)
· Notulae Systematicae. (1947)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhutakeshi, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhutakeshi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी).—the holy basil.

Bhūtakeśī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhūta and keśī (केशी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūtakeśī (भूतकेशी):—[=bhūta-keśī] [from bhūta-keśa > bhūta > bhū] f. a species of plant, [Bhāvaprakāśa] (L Nardostachys Jatamansi, Vitex Negundo and white basil).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhutakeshi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūtakēśi (ಭೂತಕೇಶಿ):—[noun] the tree Elaeodendron glaucum of Celestraceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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