Bhupariksha, Bhūparīkṣā, Bhu-pariksha: 1 definition


Bhupariksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūparīkṣā can be transliterated into English as Bhupariksa or Bhupariksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Bharatiya vastu-sastra

Bhūparīkṣā (भूपरीक्षा) or Bhūmiparīkṣā refers to the “examination of the soil-conditions”, according to the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra.—Out of its eighty- three chapters, in its first forty-eight chapters, it treats three principal subjects. Firstly in the first seven chapters together with the forty-fourth and forty-fifth, the introductory subjects like need, origin, schools, scope and subject-matter of architecture and qualifications of an architect are dealt with. Next follow the regional planning, the surveying of the land, the examination of the soil-conditions (Bhūparikṣā 8) and the system of measurements (Hastalakṣaṇa 9) and the detailed canons of town-planning (Puraniveśa 10) together with the site-plans (II to 14 as well as 38), of the different categories of the Vāstupadas fit to be employed in towns and temples as well as the houses residential and the palaces of kings. Thirdly, it deals with the house-architecture (civil arcitecture or popular architecture or more appropriately the secular architecture as opposed to religious or devotional architecture, the temple-architecture) in the subsequent thirty chapters.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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