Bhumibandha, aka: Bhūmibandha, Bhumi-bandha; 3 Definition(s)
Bhumibandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Bhūmibandha (भूमिबन्ध) is a Sanskrit technical term rererring to the “seasoning of the wall for painting”, and is used in Śilpaśāstra, which is the Hindu science of art and crafts dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography. It is also the name for chapter 72 of the 11th-century Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, written by Bhojadeva.
Bhūmibandha (भूमिबन्ध):—The Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra (72.24-26) narrates the process of preparation of the ground for wall painting in the chapter called bhūmibandha. The first thing to be done in the process is levelling the wall. After that, the juice of any one of the following trees, Snuhi (Euphorbia antiquorum), Vāstuka (Chenopodium album), Kuṣmāṇḍa (Beninkasa cerifera), Kuddālī (Bauhinia variegata), Apāmārga (Achyranthes aspera) or sugar-cane should be mixed with the juice of any one of the trees such as Siṃsapā (Dalbergia sissoo), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Triphala (myrobalan) and Kuṭaja (Wrightia antidysenterica) and kept for a week. The mixture along with oceanic salt should be sprinkled on the already levelled wall.
In accordance with the season, the juice of the Arjuna tree (Terminalia arjuna), the seeds of the bean plant, the cotton-silk tree or the wood-apple should be added to the plaster. Before the application of the plaster of the thickness of the elephant skin, the wall is to be washed with water. After the application of the plaster, the wall should be coated three times with a paste prepared of lime stone chips. This whiting is to be prepared from the pure, clear, soft and whitish limestone chips thoroughly ground and levigated and added with proportionate boiled rice and gum.Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Actual Bhūmibandha i.e., seasoning of the wall for painting is to be commenced under a sacred constellation on an auspicious day with the offering of fragrant flowers of different colours, dhūpa, etc. for the tutelary deity. Nine parts of the cotton fibre and the clay are then mixed with an equal quantity of water. The paste then should be spread on the wall and pressed evenly with a hair brush, water being sprinkled on it as needed. The plaster would then be crystal clear white and small.Source: WorldCat: Samarāṅgaṇa sūtradhāra of Bhojadeva
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