Bhuja, Bhūja: 13 definitions

Introduction

Bhuja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Bhuja (भुज) is a Sanskrit word referring to “arm”, “hand”, “trunk”, “curve” etc. It is used in Yoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bhuja (भुज).—1. Longitude. 2. Base of a triangle. Note: Bhuja is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

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Bhujā (भुजा).—Lateral side of a right angled triangle. Note: Bhujā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Bhūja (भूज) refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Bhūja] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhuja : (m.) the hand. (adj.), crooked; bending.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bhuja, 3 (adj.) (fr. bhuj to bend) bending, crooked, in bhuja-laṭṭhi betel-pepper tree J. VI, 456 (C. : bhujaṅgalatā, perhaps identical with bhujaka?), also in cpd. bhuja-ga going crooked, i.e. snake Miln. 420 (bhujaginda king of snakes, the cobra); Dāvs. 2, 17; also as bhujaṅga Dāvs 2, 56, & in der. bhujaṅga-latā “snakecreeper,” i.e. name of the betel-pepper J. VI, 457; and bhujaṅgama S. I, 69.—Cp. bhogin2. (Page 506)

2) Bhuja, 2 (fr. bhuñjati2) clean, pure, bright, beautiful J. VI, 88 (°dassana beautiful to look at; C. explanations by kalyāṇa dassana). (Page 506)

3) Bhuja, 1 (m. & nt.) (cp. Epic & Class. Sk. bhuja m. & bhujā; bhuj, bhujate to bend, lit. “the bender”; the root is explained by koṭilya (koṭilla) at Dhtp 470 (Dhtm 521). See also bhuja3. Idg. *bheṅg, fr. which also Lat. fugio to flee=Gr. feu/gw, Lat. fuga flight=Sk. bhoga ring, Ohg. bouc; Goth. biugan to bend=Ger. beugen & biegen; Ohg. bogo=E. bow. Semantically cp. Lat. lacertus the arm, i.e. the bend, fr. *leq to bend, to which P. laguḷa a club (q. v. for etym.), with which cp. Lat. lacerta=lizard, similar in connotation to P. bhujaga snake) the arm Sn. 48 (explained by Nd2 478 as hattha, hand); 682 (pl. bhujāni); J. V, 91, 309; VI, 64; Bu I. 36; Vv 6418. (Page 506)

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Bhūja, (cp. late Sk. bhūrja, with which related Lat. fraxinus ash, Ags. beorc=E. birch, Ger. birke) the Bhūrja tree, i.e. a kind of willow J. V, 195, 405 (in both places=ābhujī), 420. (Page 507)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhuja (भुज).—m (S) The whole arm (from the shoulder to the tips of the fingers). 2 An arm or a side of a polygon or geometrical figure gen. 3 The base of a right-angled triangle. 4 The supplement of two or four right angles, or the complement of three right angles. 5 The sine of the arc of a circle passing through the poles of the prime vertical, which arc is intercepted between a heavenly body and the prime vertical. 6 A bending or curve.

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bhujā (भुजा).—f (Poetry. bhuja S) The whole arm.

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bhūja (भूज).—f (bhuja S q. v.) The whole arm. 2 In field measurement. A side (of a field or space).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhuja (भुज).—m The whole arm. A side of polygon.

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bhujā (भुजा).—f The whole arm.

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bhūja (भूज).—f The whole arm. A side (of a field, &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhuja (भुज).—[bhujyate'nena, bhuj-ghañarthe karaṇe ka]

1) The arm; ज्ञास्यसि कियद् भुजो मे रक्षति मौर्वीकिणाङ्क इति (jñāsyasi kiyad bhujo me rakṣati maurvīkiṇāṅka iti) Ś.1.13; R.1.34;2.7; 3.55.

2) The hand; यावन्तो रजनीचराः प्रहरणोद्भूर्णद्भुजाकेतवः (yāvanto rajanīcarāḥ praharaṇodbhūrṇadbhujāketavaḥ) Mv.6.59.

3) The trunk of an elephant.

4) A bend, curve.

5) The side of a mathematical figure; as in त्रिभुजः (tribhujaḥ) 'a triangle'; तथायते तद्भुजकोटिघातः (tathāyate tadbhujakoṭighātaḥ) Līlā.

6) The base of a triangle.

7) A branch (of a tree.).

8) (In astr.) The base of a shadow.

Derivable forms: bhujaḥ (भुजः).

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Bhujā (भुजा).—

1) The arm; निहितभुजालतयैकयोपकण्ठम् (nihitabhujālatayaikayopakaṇṭham) Śi.7.71; गच्छता दशरथेन निर्वृतिं भूभुजामसुलभां भुजाबलात् (gacchatā daśarathena nirvṛtiṃ bhūbhujāmasulabhāṃ bhujābalāt) Rām. Champū.

2) The hand.

3) The coil of a snake (bhoga); सन्दश्य मर्मसु रुषा भुजया चछाद (sandaśya marmasu ruṣā bhujayā cachāda) Bhāg.1.16.9.

4) Winding.

5) The side of any geometrical figure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhuja (भुज).—(normally arm; said to mean also hand, pāṇi, kara, Sanskrit Gr. and Lex., see [Boehtlingk and Roth]; once, at least, inter- preted thus in an old Pali text, see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), hand: keśān addaśi lūna dakṣiṇi bhuje Lalitavistara 194.12 (verse), she saw her hair cut off in her right hand. Tibetan is strangely different: lag pa gyon pas skra yaṅ rab tu ḥbal…mthoṅ, she saw her hair dishevelled by her left (so!) hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhuja (भुज).—mf.

(-jaḥ-jā) 1. The arm. 2. The hand 3. The trunk of an elephant. 4. The arm or leg of a geometrical figure, as a square or triangle. 5. A bending, a curve. E. bhuj to bend, aff. ka .

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Bhujā (भुजा).—f.

(-jā) 1. The arm. 2. The land. 3. The coil of a snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhuja (भुज).—[bhuj + a] 1., m., and f. . 1. The arm, [Pañcatantra] 215, 7. 2. The hand, [Hiḍimbavadha] 1, 2. 3. The proboscis of an elephant, [Draupadīpramātha] 8. 21. 4. A bending.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhuja (भुज).—[masculine] arm, branch, trunk of an elephant; [feminine] ā the coil of a snake, arm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhuja (भुज):—[from bhuj] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the arm, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (bhujayor antaram, the breast, [Bhartṛhari]; cf. bhujāntara)

2) [v.s. ...] the hand, [Pāṇini 7-3, 61]

3) [v.s. ...] the trunk of an elephant, [Mahābhārata iii, 15736]

4) [v.s. ...] a branch, bough, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a bending, curve, coil (of a serpent; See [compound] below)

6) [v.s. ...] the side of any geometrical figure, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] the base of a triangle, [Sūryasiddhānta]

8) [v.s. ...] the base of a shadow, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] the supplement of 2 or 4 right angles or the complement of 3 right angles, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) Bhujā (भुजा):—[from bhuja > bhuj] a f. See [column]2.

11) [from bhuj] b f. a winding, curve, coil (of a snake), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] the arm or hand, [Pracaṇḍa-pāṇḍava] (cf. [compound])

13) [v.s. ...] the side of any geometrical figure, [Āryabhaṭa; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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