Bhubhrit, Bhūbhṛt, Bhu-bhrit: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Bhubhrit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūbhṛt can be transliterated into English as Bhubhrt or Bhubhrit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Bhūbhṛt], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhubhrit in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) refers to the “king”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“[...] The superintendent of the harem immediately informed the king [i.e., bhūbhṛt] about the birth of Pārvatī which was pleasant and conducive to the work of the gods. To the superintendent of the harem who brought the news, there was nothing which the king could not give even including his royal white umbrella. Accompanied by the chief priest and learned brahmins, the lord of mountains came there and saw the child who shone in her lovely clothes. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) refers to “mountains”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Jupiter, Mercury, Mars and Saturn should just precede that of Venus, mankind, elephants and magicians will be at strife among themselves; storms and deaths will afflict mankind. Friends will cease to be friends; the Brahmins will cease to perform religious ceremonies properly; there will be no rain; and mountains [i.e., bhūbhṛtśirāṃsi bhūbhṛtām] will be riven asunder thunderbolts”.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) refers to “kings”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. The Ācārya performs the [initiation] which contains the duty to perform post-initiatory rites purified for children, imbeciles, those whose limbs suffered trauma, deaf people, women, people who are suffering from chronic illness and kings (bhūbhṛt) and renouncers who are extremely devoted [to Śiva]; this [initiation] is the nirbījā. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) refers to “kings”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.46-48ab]—“Lifespan, strength, victory, loveliness, firmness, wisdom, a beautiful form, and good fortune, the highest kingdom for kings (bhūbhṛtbhūbhṛtāṃ rājyam uttamam), all of these arise. Tormented by pain, [the ritual beneficiary] will be without pain; someone marked by disease will be without disease; a barren woman [will] obtain a son; a girl [will] attract a husband. [The beneficiary] will surely attain whatever pleasures he wants”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—bhūbhṛt] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्) refers to a “king”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those who are wise speak about momentariness with the striking of the clock of kings (bhūbhṛtghaṭīghātena bhūbhṛtām). The betterment of oneself must be accomplished. That [time] which is past will not return”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhūbhṛt.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: bhūbhṛt is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्).—m.

1) a mountain; दाता मे भूभृतां नाथः प्रमाणी- क्रियतामिति (dātā me bhūbhṛtāṃ nāthaḥ pramāṇī- kriyatāmiti) Kumārasambhava 6.1; R.17.78.

2) a king, sovereign; निष्प्रभश्च रिपुरास भूभृताम् (niṣprabhaśca ripurāsa bhūbhṛtām) R.11.81.

3) an epithet of Viṣṇu.

4) a term for the number 'seven'.

Bhūbhṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhū and bhṛt (भृत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्).—m. (-bhṛt) 1. A king, a sovereign. 2. A mountain. E. bhū the earth, bhṛt sustaining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्).—[bhū-bhṛ + t], m. 1. A king. Rājat, 5, 46. 2. A mountain, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 372.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्).—[masculine] earth-holder i.e. mountain, king, or Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्):—[=bhū-bhṛt] m. ‘earth-supporter’, a mountain, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a term for the number ‘seven’ [Gaṇitādhyāya]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] a king, prince, [Varāha-mihira; Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūbhṛt (भूभृत्):—[bhū-bhṛt] (t) 5. m. King; mountain.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhubhrit in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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