Bhranta, Bhrānta, Bhramta: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Bhranta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “moving about unsteadily”, “rolling”, “reeling”, “whirling”, etc.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “confused (thoughts)”, as quoted by Hṛdayaśiva in his Prāyaścittasamuccaya (verse 10.27-35).—Accordingly, “Having recited [a particular mantra] along with [the practice of one of the] observances in accordance with the rules, and having bathed [at the end of the observance], one may recite that mantra for attaining supernatural powers. The skilled practitioner should do his recitation not too slowly, not indistinctly, not without taking [the meaning of what he recites] in, not too fast, not without counting, and not with his thoughts in confusion (manas-bhrānta). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (shaktism)

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “those who have erred”, according to the 17th century Kaulagajamardana (“crushing the Kaula elephant”) authored by Kāśīnātha or Kṛṣṇānandācala.—Accordingly, [as Īśvara said to Pārvatī]: “Listen, O Pārvatī, I shall give a critique of the Pāṣaṇḍas. Knowing this, a wise man is not defeated by them. Those devoted to fake observances; those who rebuke the religion of the Vedas; those who have fallen from caste and religious duties; those who have erred (bhrānta) and think themselves learned, they are [all] called Pāṣaṇḍas [because] they act contrary to [true] religion. They fall into a terrifying hell until the end of the world. [...]”

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Wisdom Experience: Mind (An excerpt from Science and Philosophy)

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “mistaken (cognitions)”.—The Indian Buddhist tradition contains an enormous amount of material simply on the question of epistemic reliability, especially in the context of a valid cognition (pramāṇa), which is both reliable and also a motivator of action. The foundational question of epistemic reliability leads to many other nuanced and subtle inquiries that produce the taxonomies in this section of part 1. One intriguing distinction that emerges in these taxonomic analyses is the notion that epistemic reliability can still apply to cognitions that are “mistaken” (bhrānta). Well-formed inferences, for example, are always epistemically reliable, but since they are necessarily conceptual, they are also mistaken. [...]

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “confused” (by the sickness of wrong faith), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith [com.—(those who are) confused by the sickness of wrong faith (mithyātvabhayabhrāntāḥ)], wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance, place, right time, life and intention”.

Synonyms: Bhīta, Bhīru, Śaṅkitā.

2) Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) refers to “roaming about” (the path of bad conduct), according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Having assented to your own births in the forest of life, the pain you have been suffering previously for a long time by roaming about on the path of bad conduct (durnaya-patha-bhrānta) subject to wrong faith is [like] an external fire. Now, having entered the self which is cherishing the end of all restlessness, wise, solitary, supreme [and] self-abiding, may you behold the beautiful face of liberation. [Thus ends the reflection on] difference [between the body and the self]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhrānta (भ्रांत).—p (S) Erring, wandering, perplexed, confused, bewildered, clouded. 2 S Whirled, turned round. 3 Used as a in the senses of bhrāntiṣṭa. 4 Used popularly as s f for bhrānti.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhrānta (भ्रांत).—p Confused, erring. Turned round.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त).—p. p. [bhram-kta]

1) Wandered or roamed about.

2) Turned round, whirled, revolved.

3) Erred, mistaken, gone astray.

4) Perplexed, confused.

5) Moving about, moving to and fro, wheeling.

6) Whirling or turning round, roaming or wandering about.

-taḥ 1 An elephant in rut.

2) A kind of thorn-apple.

-tam 1 Roaming, moving about; वरं पर्वतदुर्गेषु भ्रान्तं वनचरैः सह (varaṃ parvatadurgeṣu bhrāntaṃ vanacaraiḥ saha) Bhartṛhari 2.14.

2) A mistake, an error.

3) A particular mode of fighting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Whirled, revolved. 2. Blundering, mistaken. m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. An elephant in rut. 2. The Dhutura plant. n.

(-ntaṃ) 1. Moving about. 2. Error. E. bhram to revolve, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त).—[adjective] roaming, roamed (also pass., [neuter] [impersonally]); turning round, rolling, perplexed, confused, mistaken; [neuter] roaming, wandering (also in mind), mistake, error.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhrānta (भ्रान्त):—[from bhram] a mfn. wandering or roaming about, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] having wandered about or through (with [accusative]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] wandered about or through (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] with [instrumental case], ‘it has been wandering about by’), [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] moving about unsteadily, rolling, reeling, whirling, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

5) [v.s. ...] perplexed, confused, being in doubt or error, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. an elephant in rut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a species of thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] n. roaming about, moving to and fro, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra; Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mode of fighting, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] error, mistake, [Cāṇakya]

11) b bhrānti, bhrāma etc. See under √bhram, [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त):—[(ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) a.] Whirled; blundering, mistaken, lost.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhrānta (भ्रान्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ḍhaṃḍhallia, Bhaṃta, Bhamaḍia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhranta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhrāṃta (ಭ್ರಾಂತ):—[adjective] = ಭ್ರಮಿತ [bhramita]1.

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Bhrāṃta (ಭ್ರಾಂತ):—

1) [noun] he who roams or has roamed aimlessly.

2) [noun] a baffled, bewildered, utterly confused man.

3) [noun] a mode of driving a chariot.

4) [noun] the plant Datura stramonium of Solanaceae family.

5) [noun] an elephant that is sexually excited or in anger.

6) [noun] a particular kind of kissing (as a foreplay arousing sexual desire).

7) [noun] (dance.) a breathing very slowly as if holding it for a while (as in meeting one’s lover for the first time).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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