Bhramsha, Bhraṃśa, Bhraṃsa: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Bhramsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhraṃśa can be transliterated into English as Bhramsa or Bhramsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश, “slip of the tongue”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश, “slip of tongue”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of bhraṃśa: Manifold and sudden deviation of haughty and such other persons from the intended words to something else, is called Slip of Tongue (bhraṃśa, lit. “lapse”) .

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश):—Prolapse

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश) refers to “deposition” (of the king), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, when in conflict with a powerful enemy, when the land is afflicted with drought, when locusts and soldiers come (to ravage it), when (one seeks to) remedy disease and suffering, when there is a fight between relatives for kingdom, when the king is deposed [i.e., rājya-bhraṃśa], during solitary combat in a great battle, in order to (get a) son, when one fails to gets a young virgin (bride), during a marriage, in order to gain victory, (or) when a fort is under attack. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Bhramsha in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश) refers to the “fall” (of those addicted to vices—such as hunting), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] Among these [sports], eighteen things are mentioned which are known as vyasana (addictions or vices), and without these the senses are useless, and these eighteen are the real causes of exquisite delight. If practised in proper season and within proper bounds, they contribute largely to the delight of all persons, especially of kings. The writers of the Śāstras always deprecate (vininditā) these vyasanas, and stories are current of the fall of those who were addicted to them (rakta-bhraṃśa). [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—m (S) Falling; but esp. used in figurative senses; e.g. falling from eminence, dignity, power, caste; mental aberration, wildness and wandering of the mind or thoughts; moral aberration, deviation from rectitude. Some compounds are buddhibhraṃśa, jñānabhraṃśa, gatibhraṃśa, vairāgyabhraṃśa, śāntibhraṃśa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—m Falling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—[bhraṃś bhāve ghañ]

1) Falling off, dropping down, fall, slipping or falling down; सेहेऽस्य न भ्रंशमतो न लोभात् (sehe'sya na bhraṃśamato na lobhāt) R.16.74; कनकवलयभ्रंशरिक्तप्रकोष्ठः (kanakavalayabhraṃśariktaprakoṣṭhaḥ) Meghadūta 2.

2) Decline, decrease, decay.

3) Fall, destruction, ruin, overthrow.

4) Running away.

5) Disappearance.

6) Losing, loss, deprivation; स्मृतिभ्रंशाद् बुद्धिनाशः (smṛtibhraṃśād buddhināśaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.63; so जातिभ्रंश, स्वार्थभ्रंश (jātibhraṃśa, svārthabhraṃśa).

7) Straying, swerving, or deviating from.

8) Abandoning, deserting.

9) (In drama) A slip of the tongue (due to excitement).

Derivable forms: bhraṃśaḥ (भ्रंशः).

See also (synonyms): bhraṃsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Falling, declining from a height, or from propriety. 2. Falling from or off. 3. Decay, ruin. 4. Decline. 5. Loss. 6. Running away. E. bhranś to fall, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—[bhraṃś + a], m. 1. Falling. 2. Declining from a height, or from propriety, ruin, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 63. 3. Falling off, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 2. 4. Abandoning, dropping, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 246; desertion, [Pañcatantra] 145, 10. 5. Losing, [Pañcatantra] 68, 22; loss, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 307; [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 5 (sthānabhraṃśaṃ yayuḥ, They did lose their nest).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश).—[masculine] fall, ruin, disappearance, loss; aberration or deviation from (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश):—[from bhraś] m. falling or slipping down or off, [Kālidāsa]

2) [v.s. ...] decline, decay. ruin, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Varāha-mihira] (deśa-bh, ruin of a country)

3) [v.s. ...] disappearance, loss, cessation, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] straying or deviating from, abandonment of ([ablative] or [compound]), deprivation of ([compound]), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) a slip of the tongue (due to excitement), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. Falling down.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhaṃsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhramsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramsha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश) [Also spelled bhransh]:—(nm) breach, breakdown; fall(ing); ruin, destruction.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhraṃśa (ಭ್ರಂಶ):—

1) [noun] a falling down; a fall; a downfall.

2) [noun] a running away (as from fear) 3) a being reduced; a coming down in extent, intensity, number, etc.; reduction.

3) [noun] a going away from; the act or an instance of parting.

4) [noun] a losing of something; an instance of this; loss.

5) [noun] the state of being destroyed; destruction.

6) [noun] a swerving from the right order, manner; aberration.

7) [noun] the fact of ceasing to be seen; a going out of sight; disappearance.

8) [noun] (rhet.) a wrong delivery of dialogue from fear or excitement.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhramsha in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Bhraṃśa (भ्रंश):—n. 1. fall; decline; decay; 2. destruction; ruin;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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