Bhram: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Bhram means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhram (भ्रम्).—[(u) bhramu] r. 1st cl. (bhramati bhramyati) r. 4th cl. (bhrāmyati) 1. To turn round, to move circularly. 2. To be unsteady or unfixed. 3. To roam, to wander; it is also figuratively applicable to mental unsteadiness, as to err, to wander, to be ignorant or mistaken, &c. With pari, To wander about. With vi, To play, to wanton. With sam, 1. To hurry. 2. To honour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhram (भ्रम्).—i. 1 and 4, bhrāmya, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 12228), originally, The flying about and humming of insects. 1. To turn round, to move circularly, to whirl, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 20. 2. † To be unsteady or unfixed. 3. To stray, to roam, to wander, [Pañcatantra] 43, 4; i. [distich] 446; to go astray, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 68 ([Ātmanepada.]). 4. To wander over (acc.), Mahābhārata 1, 5184. 5. To surround, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 146. 6. To mistake. 7. † To be ignorant. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. bhrānta. 1. Being wandered over (with acc.). [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 4. 2. Running, [Arjunasamāgama] 4, 38; rolling, Chr. 35, 2. 3. Whirled. 4. Confused, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 36. 5. Blundering. n. Roaming, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 11. [Causal.] bhramaya (in epic poetry also bhrāmaya, also [Pañcatantra] 263, 8, or i. 4, [Ātmanepada.]). 1. To turn round, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 61; to whirl, Mahābhārata 2, 762. 2. To move to and fro (without getting a way of egress), [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 44, 12. 3. To agitate, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 23, 8.

— With the prep. ud ud, 1. To jump out of (abl.), [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 19. 2. To be beside one’s self, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 183, 17 (read udbhramya). udbhrānta, 1. Flying upward, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 83, 26. 2. Whirled on, thrown up, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 140. 3. Whirling on, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 138, 4. 4. Bewildered, [Pañcatantra] 141, 4.

— With pari pari, 1. To walk round about, [Pañcatantra] 230. 16. 2. To roam about, [Hitopadeśa] 76, 6, M. M.; [Pañcatantra] 21, 1. 3. To fly round about, [Pañcatantra] 148, 10.

— With vi vi, To rove, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 3, 26. 2. To wander over, Mahābhārata 3, 2648. 3. † To play, to wanton. vibhrānta, 1. Agitated, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 16, 16. 2. Hurried. Comp. A-, adj. not playing (?), unmoved, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 5.

— With mas sam, saṃbhrānta, Agitated, confused, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 50, 3; troubled, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 12, 17. Comp. A-, adj. fearless, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 44, 7. Su-saṃbhrānta, adj. greatly bewildered.

— Cf. bhramara; [Latin] fremere; [Old High German.] breman; A. S. bremman; [Old High German.] bremo, briosa; N.G. brausen; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhram (भ्रम्).—bhramati (bhramate), bhrāmyati, [participle] bhrānta (q.v.) roam, wander, stroll; go through, perambulate ([accusative]); fly about, flutter; move round, rotate; stagger about, waver, go astray, be perplexed or mistaken. [Causative] bhramayati & bhrāmayati (te) cause to roam etc., whirl round, swing, roll; cause to err, perplex, embarrass, confuse; [participle] bhramita fasely taken for or confounded with (—°)*. [Intensive] bambhramīti & bambhraṃmyate wander about or through, the latter also [with] pass. [meaning]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhram (भ्रम्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xx, 20]) bhramati ([Epic] also te) and [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] ([xxvi, 96]), BrAmyati ([Potential] bhramyāt, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]; [perfect tense] babhrāma, 3. [plural] babhramuḥ or bhremuḥ, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.; [future] bhramitā [grammar]; bhramiṣyati, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] abhramīt, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] bhramitum or bhrāntum, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.; [indeclinable participle] bhramitvā, bhrāntvā, -BrAmya, [ib.]),

—to wander or roam about, rove, ramble (with deśam, to wander through or over a country; with bhikṣām, go about begging), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to fly about (as bees), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira];

—to roll about (as the eyes), [Kāvyādarśa];

—to wag (as the tongue), [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati];

—to quiver (as the fetus in the womb), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to move to and fro or unsteadily, flicker, flutter, reel, totter, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kālidāsa; Purāṇa];

—to move round, circulate, revolve (as stars), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Sūryasiddhānta];

—to spread, be current (as news), [Daśakumāra-carita];

—to waver, be perplexed, doubt, err, [Bhagavad-gītā; Purāṇa; Siddhānta-kaumudī] :—[Passive voice] [Aorist] abhrāmi ([impersonal or used impersonally], with te, ‘you have wandered or roamed about’), [Rāmāyaṇa] :—[Causal] BrAmayati (mc. also te; [Aorist] abibhramat:

—[Passive voice] BrAmyate), to cause to wander or roam, drive or move about, agitate, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

— (with paṭaham or ha-ghoṣaṇām), to move a drum about, proclaim by beat of drum, [Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to cause to move or turn round or revolve, swing, brandish, [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to drive through ([accusative]) in a chariot, [Catalogue(s)];

—to disarrange, [Kauśika-sūtra];

—to cause to err, confuse, [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa];

—to move or roam about ([Aorist] abibhramat ; [Bombay edition] ababhramat), [Rāmāyaṇa] :—[Desiderative] bibhramiṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] bambhramīti, bambhramyate (also with pass. meaning) and bambhrānti (only [grammar]), to roam about repeatedly or frequently, wander through, circumambulate, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

2) cf. [Greek] βρέμω; [Latin] fremere; [German] brëmen, brimmen, brummen; [English] brim, brim-stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhram (भ्रम्):—bhramati 1. a. (u, ya) bhramyati, bhrāmyati 4. a. To turn round, to wander about. With pari to wander much; with vi to play, wanton or rove about; with saṃ to honor, hurry.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhram (भ्रम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cakkama, Cakkamma, Jhaṃṭa, Jhaṃpa, Ṭiriṭilla, Ḍuṃḍulla, Ḍhaṃḍhalla, Ḍhuṃḍhulla, Ḍhuma, Ḍhusa, Talaaṃṭa, Duruḍhulla, Para, Parī, Phuma, Phusa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhram in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of bhram in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhram in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) misunderstanding, illusion, misconception; confusion; ~[janaka] illusory, fallacious; ~[janya] resulting from misunderstanding/confusion; -[jala] illusion; ~[mulaka] illusory; caused by misunderstanding/misconception; -[tutana] to be disillusioned; -[mem hona] to be under an illusion..—bhram (भ्रम) is alternatively transliterated as Bhrama.

context information

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