Bhita, Bhīta: 20 definitions


Bhita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhīta (भीत) refers to “great fright”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Thus with ardour, the king of the demons [i.e., Tāraka] performed the severe penance duly unbearable even to those who heard about it. [...] Then all those gods and sages consulted one another and in their great fright [i.e., bhīta] they came to my world and approached me in a piteous plight. Bowing to and eulogising me with palms joined in reverence, all of them explained everything to me distressed in mind that they were. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Bhītā (भीता) refers to one of the Thirty six kinds of Glances (dṛṣṭi) or “proper accomplishment of glances” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Dṛṣṭi is very important in a dance form. The appropriate movements of eyes, eyeballs and eyebrows of an artist make the performance more charming. There are thirty six kinds of glances (dṛṣṭi) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, for example bhītā, belonging to the sthāyībhāvadṛṣṭi division.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Bhīta (भीत) refers to one of the various kinds of (snake) bites, whose symptoms and treatment is described in the the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Bhīta (भीत) refers to one of the various mantradoṣa (“defects of mantras”), according to Tantric digests such as the Bṛhattantrasāra (part 4 page 814), Nāradapurāṇa (Nārada-mahā-purāṇa) (verses 64.14-58), Śaradātilaka (verses 2.71-108), Padārthādarśa and Śrīvidyārṇava-tantra.—Bhīta is defined as “before the manta there is no praṇava Oṃ, or the syllable of Śiva ha, or the syllable Śakti sa [?]”. [unverified translation!] The Mantra defect elimination methods consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra).—See Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bhīta (भीत) refers to “terror”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The five hundred evil ones, who were without faith and clinging to the non-dharma, heard this sound from open space: ‘The Māra, his sons, or his followers, who do not produce the thought of awakening and do not give up the works of the Māra after having heard these words of the knowledge-mantras, the crowns of their heads will be destroyed by the lighting and blazing thunderbolt of the Yakṣa Vajrapāṇi’. Then, having looked up at the sky, the sons of the Māra saw five hundred Vajrapāṇis holding blazing thunderbolt, and produced the thought of awakening from the fear and terror (bhaya-bhīta)”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Bhīta (भीत) refers to “frightened (Nāgas)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān said to the four great kings], “O Great Kings, Nāgas will be hostile, wrathful, fierce, ferocious and harmful in the last time, in the last age. By this curse they will become frightened (bhīta). They will become scared. They will send down rain showers duly at the proper time. They will ripen all flowers and fruits duly at the proper time”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhīta (भीत) refers to “fear”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This world totters to the limit of the world of Brahmā with the fear of the beginning of a frown (bhrūbhaṅga-ārambha-bhīta), and mountains immediately fall asunder by force of [the fact that] the earth is overcome by the weight of the heavy feet, of those heroes who are all led to death by the king of time in [the space of] some days. Nevertheless, desire is intense only in a living being who is bereft of sense”.

Synonyms: Bhīru, Śaṅkitā, Bhrānta.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: New look on the kushan bengali

The mounds at Bhita, situated 35 miles downstream from Kausambi on the bank of the Yamuna, represent the ruins of an ancient city which flourished during the Mauryan time to Gupta period. The excavations were conducted by Sir John Marshall (1909-1910 and 1911-12) at Bhita. The most important finds suggesting the Kushan occupation of this city are a number of seals and sealings inscribed in the Kushan character and the coins belonging to this dynasty. Some seals with scripts in the Kushan character were also found during the course of excavation.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhīta : (pp. of bhāyati) frightened.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhīta, (pp. of bhāyati) frightened, terrified, afraid Dh. 310; J. I, 168 (niraya-bhaya°); II, 110 (maraṇa-bhaya°), 129; IV, 141 (+tasita); PvA. 154, 280 (+tasita). Cp. sam°. (Page 505)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhīta (भीत).—p (S) Impressed with terror or fear, frightened.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhīta (भीत).—p. p. [bhī-kta]

1) Frightened, terrified, alarmed, afraid of (with abl.); न भीतो मरणादस्मि (na bhīto maraṇādasmi) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.27.

2) Fearful, timid.

3) Placed in danger, imperilled.

-tam Fear, dread.

-tam ind. Timidly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīta (भीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Afraid, frightened, fearful, timid. 2. Imperiled. n.

(-taṃ) Fear, alarm, apprehension. E. bhī to fear, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīta (भीत).—[adjective] frightened, terrified, afraid of ([ablative], [genetive], or —°); anxious about (—°); [neuter] or vat† [adverb], [neuter] also as [abstract]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhīta (भीत):—[from bhī] mfn. frightened, alarmed, terrified, timid, afraid of or imperilled by ([ablative] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] anxious about ([compound]), [Pañcarātra]

3) [from bhī] n. fear, danger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] ([impersonal or used impersonally]) fear has been shown, [Śṛṅgāra-tilaka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīta (भीत):—(taṃ) 1. n. Idem. a. Afraid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhīta (भीत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bīhia, Bhāia, Bhīa, Bhīia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhīta (भीत) [Also spelled bhit]:—(a) afraid; terrified, horrified, scared, fear-stricken; (nf) a wall; ~[citta] terrorized, afraid, frightened, scared.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhīta (ಭೀತ):—[adjective] filled with fear or apprehension; fearing; frightened; afraid of.

--- OR ---

Bhīta (ಭೀತ):—

1) [noun] a man who is afraid of; a frightened man.

2) [noun] a singer singing or instrumentalist playing the instrument with diffidence.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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