Bhid: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Bhid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhid (भिद्).—I.1.P. (bhindati) To divide or cut into parts. -II. 7 U. (bhinatti, bhintte, bibheda, bibhide, abhaitsīt, abhinat, abhintta, bhetsyati-te, bhettum bhinna)

1) To break, cleave, split, cut asunder, rend, pierce, break through or down; अतिशीतलमप्यम्भः किं भिनत्ति न भूभृतः (atiśītalamapyambhaḥ kiṃ bhinatti na bhūbhṛtaḥ) H.3.38; तेषां कथं नु हृदयं न भिनत्ति लज्जा (teṣāṃ kathaṃ nu hṛdayaṃ na bhinatti lajjā) Mu.3.34; Śi.8.39; Ms.3.33; R.8. 93;12.77.

2) To dig or tear up, excavate; U.1.23.

3) To pass through; यदि रोहिण्याः शकटं भिनत्ति रविनन्दनो गगनवीथ्याम् (yadi rohiṇyāḥ śakaṭaṃ bhinatti ravinandano gaganavīthyām) Pt.1.211,212.

4) (a) To divide, separate; द्विधा भिन्ना शिखण्डिभिः (dvidhā bhinnā śikhaṇḍibhiḥ) R.1.39. (b) To displace; आनन्दजः शोकजमश्रु बाष्पस्तयोरशीतं शिशिरो बिभेद (ānandajaḥ śokajamaśru bāṣpastayoraśītaṃ śiśiro bibheda) R.14.3.

5) To violate, break, infringe; समयं लक्ष्मणोऽभिनत् (samayaṃ lakṣmaṇo'bhinat) R.15.94; निहतश्च स्थितिं भिन्दन् दानवोऽसौ बलद्विषा (nihataśca sthitiṃ bhindan dānavo'sau baladviṣā) Bk.7.68.

6) To remove, take away; धैर्यमभिनदुदितं शिशुना (dhairyamabhinaduditaṃ śiśunā) Śi.15.87.

7) To disturb, interrupt; as in समाधिभेदिन् (samādhibhedin); असिपत्रवने चैव भिद्यमानानधार्मिकान् (asipatravane caiva bhidyamānānadhārmikān) Rām.7.21.15.

8) To change, alter; (na) भिन्दन्ति मन्दां गतिमश्वमुख्यः (bhindanti mandāṃ gatimaśvamukhyaḥ) Ku.1.11; or विश्वासोपगमा- दभिन्नगतयः शब्दं सहन्ते मृगाः (viśvāsopagamā- dabhinnagatayaḥ śabdaṃ sahante mṛgāḥ) Ś.1.14.

9) To expand, cause to open or blossom, open; सूर्यांशुभिर्भिन्नमिवारविन्दम् (sūryāṃśubhirbhinnamivāravindam) Ku.1.32; नवोषसा भिन्नमिवैकपङ्कजम् (navoṣasā bhinnamivaikapaṅkajam) Ś.7.16; Me.19.

1) To disperse, scatter, scare away; भिन्नसारङ्गयूथः (bhinnasāraṅgayūthaḥ) Ś.1.32; V.1.16.

11) To disjoin, disunite, set at variance; भेत्स्यामि स्वमतेन भेदकुशलो ह्येष प्रतीपं द्विषः (bhetsyāmi svamatena bhedakuśalo hyeṣa pratīpaṃ dviṣaḥ) Mu.3.13.

12) To loosen, relax, dissolve; पर्यङ्कबन्धं निबिडं बिभेद (paryaṅkabandhaṃ nibiḍaṃ bibheda) Ku.3.59.

13) To disclose, divulge.

14) To perplex, distract.

15) To distinguish, discriminate.

16) To explain or to understand; वचांसि योगग्रथितानि साधो न नः क्षमन्ते मनसापि भेत्तुम् (vacāṃsi yogagrathitāni sādho na naḥ kṣamante manasāpi bhettum) Bhāg.5.1.18. -Pass. (bhidyate)

1) To be split, rent or shivered; धरा धारापातै- र्मणिमयशरैर्भिद्यत इव (dharā dhārāpātai- rmaṇimayaśarairbhidyata iva) Mk.5.22.

2) To be divided or separated.

3) To expand, blossom, open.

4) To be loose or relaxed; प्रस्थानभिन्नां न बबन्ध नीविम् (prasthānabhinnāṃ na babandha nīvim) R.7.9,66.

5) To be different from (with abl.); न कारणात् स्वाद् बिभिदे कुमारः प्रवर्तितो दीप इव प्रदीपात् (na kāraṇāt svād bibhide kumāraḥ pravartito dīpa iva pradīpāt) R.5.37; U.4.

6) To be destroyed.

7) To be divulged or betrayed, get abroad; षट्कर्णो भिद्यते मन्त्रः (ṣaṭkarṇo bhidyate mantraḥ) &c. Pt.1.99.

8) To be harassed, pained or afflicted.

9) To be frightened or alarmed; अम्भसा भिद्यते सेतुस्तथा मन्त्रोऽप्यरक्षितः । पैशुन्याद् भिद्यते स्नेहो वाचा भिद्येत कातरः (ambhasā bhidyate setustathā mantro'pyarakṣitaḥ | paiśunyād bhidyate sneho vācā bhidyeta kātaraḥ) || Pt.1.12.

1) To separate oneself from, keep aloof from. -Caus. (bhedayati-te)

1) To split, cleave, divide, tear &c.

2) To destroy, dissolve.

3) To disunite, set at variance.

4) To perplex.

5) To seduce. -Desid. (bibhitsati-te) To wish to break &c.

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Bhid (भिद्).—a. (At the end of comp.) Breaking, splitting; destroying &c.; तुरगविचयव्यग्रानुर्वीभिदः (turagavicayavyagrānurvībhidaḥ) U.1.23. -f.

1) Breaking, splitting, dividing.

2) Difference.

3) A sort, kind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhid (भिद्).—[(ir) bhidir] r. 7th cl. (-bhinatti-bhinte) To break, to break or tear to pieces.

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Bhid (भिद्).—mfn. (-bhid or bhit) Who or what breaks, divides, severs, destroys, &c. f. (bhid or bhit) 1. Kind, sort, difference. 2. Breaking, dividing. E. bhid to break, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhid (भिद्).—ii. 7, bhinad, bhind, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To break, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 80, 17; to destroy, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 112. 2. To tear up, [Pañcatantra] 230, 16. 3. To pierce, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 18; pass. to be afflicted, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 436. 4. To divide, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 115; to disjoin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 66. 5. To betray, 7, 50. 6. Pass. To differ, Ciś. 9, 46. 7. Pass. To split, [Cāṇakya] 21 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 406. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. bhinna, 1. Broken, split, cloven, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 260. 2. Divide, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 176. 3. Disunited, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 39 (dāna-, on account of gifts). 4. Distinguished, other, different (dinasya pūrvārdhaparārdhabhinnachāyā, the shade of the day different in the morning and in the afternoon, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 38). 5. Separated, detached, without (also as former part of comp. adj.), [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 212; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 82; Bhāṣāp. 133. 6. Blown, opened. 7. Performed with great strides, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 80 (bhinna -gati, adj. Going quickly, cf. gati -bheda). 8. Neglected, deviated from. 9. Connected, joined, mixed, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 60. m. A flaw in a jewel. n. 1. A bit, a portion. 2. (in arithmetic), A fraction. Comp. A-, adj. 1. unhurt, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 17, 12. 2. undivided. 3. not different, unchanged, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 14; equal, identical, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 9, 8. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. I. bhedya. Comp. A-bhedya, adj. 1. impenetrable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 79, 65. 2. indestractible. n. a diamond. Durbhº, i. e. dus-, adj. difficult to be broken or divided, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 21, M. M. Sucī-, 1. to be pierced by a needle. 2. palpable. 3. very dense (viz. darkness), [Hitopadeśa] 98, 22. Ii. bhidya, m. a river. [Causal.] bhedaya, 1. To divide, to cleave, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 16, 23. 2. To perplex, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 64, 7. 3. To disunite, Mahābhārata 1, 7399. 4. To remove, to overcome, Mahābhārata 1, 5592.

— With the prep. ati ati, atibhina in nātibhinna, Wholly like, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 27, 18.

— With anu anu, To break afterward, Mahābhārata 2, 2483.

— With ud ud, 1. To divide, to pierce through, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 7. 2. Pass. To break forth, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 5. udbhinna, 1. Opened, burst, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 21. 2. Budded. 3. Destroyed, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 64, 1.

— With proda pra-ud, pradbhinna, 1. Breaking forth, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 128, 18 Chezy. 2. Standing erect, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 830.

— With nis nis, 1. To divide, to cleave, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 10; to open, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 41. 2. To break down, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 201, 1. 3. To put out (one’s eyes), Mahābhārata 3, 10328. 4. To pierce, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 144; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 35, 4. 5. To destroy, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 21. 6. To betray, to divulge, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 193, 8. nirbhina, 1. Pierced, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 150. 2. Undistinguished, equal (rather bhinna with nis). Ptcple. of the fut. pass. nirbhedya, 1. Not disappointed, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 91, 26. 2. Without fissures, Kām. Nītia. 11, 66 (rather bhedya with nis).

— With vinis vi-nis, To cleave, Mahābhārata 3, 8551.

— With pra pra, prabhinna, 1. Pierced, [Sundopasundopākhyāna] 2, 20. 2. Well cut, detached, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 54, 134; severed. m. A furious elephant (cf. Johns. 1. 1.).

— With prati prati, 1. To disown, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 58. 2. To pierce, [Draupadīpramātha] 6, 15. 3. To reproach, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 22. 4. To betray, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 22. pratibhinna, 1. Pierced. 2. Separated.

— With vi vi, 1. To cleave, Chr. 292, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 10. 2. To pierce, Mahābhārata 3, 709. vibhinna, 1. Pierced, wounded. 2. Broken. 3. Scattered, moved to and fro, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 85. 4. Mixed, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 34. 5. Various. 6. Disappointed. 7. Bewildered. [Causal.] To alienate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 7, 18.

— With sam sam, saṃbhinna, 1. Divided. 2. Shaken. 3. Combined, united.

— Cf. [Latin] findo, finis (for fid + nis); [Gothic.] beitan; A. S. bitan (with batan, [Causal.] to cause to bite, to bait); [Gothic.] baitar; A. S. biter; [Old High German.] biz,. bizzo, fiza, etc.; (for and probably (for

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Bhid (भिद्).—I. adj. Who or what breaks, divides, destroys; cf. balabhid. Ii. f. 1. Difference, kind. 2. Breaking, dividing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhid (भिद्).—1. bhinatti (bhintte), [participle] bhinna (q.v.) split, cleave, cut asunder, break in twain, destroy, annihilate; pierce, open, expand; loose, extricate; interrupt, disturb, trouble; disclose, betray; divide, separate, part; change, alter; distinguish, discriminate. [Passive] bhidyate (ti) be split etc., mostly [intransitive] burst, open, expand, blossom, get loose or free; separate or keep aloof from ([instrumental]); change, alter, differ from ([ablative]). [Causative] bhedayati, te split, break, destroy, divide, disunite, seduce. [Desiderative] bibhitsati wish to break or destroy.

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Bhid (भिद्).—2. [adjective] breaking, dividing, piercing, destroying (—°); [feminine] the act of splitting or dividing; difference, species, kind; partition, wall.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhid (भिद्):—1. bhid [class] 7.[Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xix, 2]) bhinatti, bhintte ([imperfect tense] 2. 3. sg. abhinat, [Ṛg-veda]; [subjunctive] bhinadaḥ, [ib.]; [imperative] bindhi, [ib.]; binddhi, [Varāha-mihira] cf. binddhi-lavaṇā; [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] bhedati, [Ṛg-veda]; [Potential] bhideyam, [Atharva-veda]; [perfect tense] bibheda, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist], 2. 3. sg. bhet, [Ṛg-veda] abhaitsīt, [Rāmāyaṇa]; bhitthās, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; Prec. bhitsīṣṭa [grammar]; [future] bhetsyati, te, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [Conditional] abhetsyat, [Upaniṣad]; [future] bhettā [grammar]; [infinitive mood] bhettavai, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; bhettum, [ib.] etc.; [indeclinable participle] bhittvā, -bhidya, [Ṛg-veda] etc.),

—to split, cleave, break, cut or rend asunder, pierce, destroy, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.,;

—to pass through (as a planet or, comet), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira];

—to disperse (darkness), [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā];

—to transgress, violate, (a compact or alliance), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to open, expand, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Meghadūta];

—to loosen, disentangle, dissolve, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to disturb, interrupt, stop, [ib.];

—to disclose, betray, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to disunite, set at variance, [ib.];

—to distinguish, discriminate, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] :—[Passive voice] bhidyate ([Epic] also ti [Aorist] abhedi, [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.; [perfect tense] bibhide, [Kālidāsa]),

—to be split or broken, burst (intrans.), [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to be opened (as a closed hand, eyes etc.), [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa];

—to overflow (as water), [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa];

—to be loosened, become loose, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Kāvya literature];

—to be stopped or interrupted, [Mahābhārata];

—to be disclosed or betrayed, [Kāvya literature];

—to be changed or altered (in mind), be won over, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa];

—to be disunited, [Mahābhārata];

—to keep aloof from ([instrumental case]), [ib.];

—to be distinguished, differ from ([ablative]), [Sāṃkhyakārikā; Kāvya literature] etc.:—[Causal] bhedayati, te ([Aorist] abībhidat; cf. also bhidāpana),

—to cause to split or break etc.;

—to split, break, shatter, crush, destroy, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Hitopadeśa];

—to separate, divide (See bhedita);

—to disunite, set at variance, perplex, unsettle (in opinion), seduce, win over, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] :—[Desiderative] bibhitsati, te, to wish to break through or disperse or defeat, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata] (cf., bibhitsā) :—[Desiderative] of [Causal] See bibhedayiṣu:—[Intensive] bebhidīti or bebhetti, to cleave repeatedly, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) cf. [Latin] findo; [German] beissen; [English] bite.

3) 2. bhid mfn. (ifc.) breaking, splitting, piercing, destroying, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa] (cf. aśma-, giri-, tamo-, pura-bhid etc.)

4) f. a wall (= bhitti), [Ṛg-veda i, 174, 8]

5) separation, distinction, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) a sort, kind, species, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhid (भिद्):—(dha, ira, ña) bhinatti bhiṃtte) 7. c. To break or tear in pieces.

2) [(d-t)] 5. f. Breaking; kind, sort. a. Breaking, destroying.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhid (भिद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhiṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhid in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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