Bheranda, Bheraṇḍa, Bheramda: 10 definitions


Bheranda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bheraṇḍa (भेरण्ड) is the name of a Mahoraga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bheraṇḍa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bheranda [भेरंड] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy from the Clusiaceae (Garcinia) family having the following synonyms: Brindonia indica. For the possible medicinal usage of bheranda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bheranda in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bheraṇḍa : (m.) a jackal.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhēraṇḍa (भेरंड).—f (Or bhiraṇḍa) A tree, Garcinia purpurea or mangostana. 2 n Its fruit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bheraṇḍa (भेरण्ड) or Bheraṇḍaka or Bheruṇḍaka.—m. (Pali bheraṇḍaka, jackal according to Jātaka (Pali) commentary v.276.9; the form bheruṇḍa, cited by Burnouf, Lotus 371, is read bheruṇḍaka in our Saddharmapuṇḍarīka, and has, doubtless by chance, not been noted else- where in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), some sort of beast of prey which makes a terrible sound (Mahāvastu ii.140.15 °ḍa-bhairava [mss. bhīrava, bhīruva]-ruteṣu; iii.123.9; 264.12) and eats human flesh (Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 83.11; 85.13); Tibetan renders variously, on Mahāvyutpatti 4785 spyaṅ (wolf) or ce spyaṅ (jackal, according to [Tibetan-English Dictionary] also fox); on Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 83.11 ce spyaṅ, on 85.13 and 86.12 lce spyaṅ (= ce spyaṅ); on Lalitavistara 306.6 wa (fox, but compare wa spyaṅ, jackal); the word śṛgāla, jackal, is probably a different animal, since it is closely associated with our word in Lalitavistara 306.6; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 83.11 and 86.12; in Lalitavistara, where Tibetan wa renders our word, śṛgāla is rendered by ce spyaṅ, while in the two Saddharmapuṇḍarīka passages the reverse is the case, wa rendering śṛgāla! Kern on Saddharmapuṇḍarīka renders hyena, a plausible guess. Forms: bheraṇḍa Mahāvastu ii.140.15; °ḍaka Mahāvastu iii.123.9 (both verses); bheruṇḍaka Mahāvyutpatti 4785; Mahāvastu iii.264.12 (prose); Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 83.11; 85.13; 86.12 (all verses); Lalitavistara 306.6 (prose). In Deśīnāmamālā 6.108 bheruṇḍa is defined dīvī (= dvīpin; commentary citrakaḥ); the hyena is ‘spotted’, as well as the leopard.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheraṇḍa (भेरण्ड).—see bhāraṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bheraṇḍa (भेरण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bheraṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bheranda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bheraṃḍa (भेरंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bheraṇḍa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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