Bhavika-chavi, Bhāvikacchavi: 1 definition


Bhavika-chavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhavikachchhavi.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Bhavika-chavi in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Bhāvikacchavi (भाविकच्छवि) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The bhāvikacchavi-alaṃkāra has not been mentioned by ancient Ālaṃkārikas like Bhāmaha etc. and modern Ālaṃkārikas like Mammaṭa, Viśvanātha etc. This appears first in the Candrāloka (C.L.V/114).

Cirañjīva defines bhāvikacchavi following Jayadeva by changing the word darśanam to darśane. His definition is as follows—“deśātmaviprakṛṣṭasya darśane bhāvikacchaviḥ”.—When the description of the vision of a thing which stays in a distant place or which is away from one’s own self is given, it is the figure bhāvikacchavi”.

Example of the bhāvikacchavi-alaṃkāra:—

dūrasthitastvamasi dūrjananirviśeṣaḥ krūrātmabhāva iti mūḍhajanāpavādaḥ |
tvaṃ dṛkpathe sphurasi nātha! sadā madīye krūrā’hameva tava dṛkpathadūrasaṃstha ||

“You are staying at a distance. You are not different from a wicked person and your cruel nature is a blame indeed by fools. Oh Lord! You are always shining in the path of my vision. I am cruel indeed as I stay in a distance from your visionary path”.

Notes: This is utterance of heroine whose beloved is at a distant place. The description of the hero who is at a distant place from the heroine is given. So it is an example of bhāvikacchavi.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of bhavika-chavi or bhavikacchavi in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

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