Bhavika, Bhāvika: 9 definitions

Introduction

Bhavika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: svAbhinava: Abhinavagupta’s Treatment of the lāsyāṅgas

Bhāvika (भाविक).—Name of an additional lāsyāṅga, or ‘elements of the gentle dance’;—In the bhāvika, the heroine afflicted by the fire of love, manifests various Erotic states, seeing the lover in dream.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Bhāvika (भाविक) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure of speech Bhāvika has been admitted by ancient Ālaṃkārikas like Bhāmaha (K.A. III/53), Daṇḍin (K.D. II/364-366), Udbhaṭa (K.S.S. VI/12) Ruyyaka (A.S.P. 178) Mammaṭa (K.P. X/173) and Jayadeva (C.L. V/113).

Cirañjīva has given a definition of bhāvika-alaṃkāra. He has said “bhāvikaṃ bhūtabhāvyarthasākṣāddarśanavarṇanam”.—When a vivid description of the direct vision of past or future incident is given, the alaṃkāra bhāvika takes place. In this definition Cirañjīva has followed Jayadeva verbatim. When the things of past and future are described by the poet, some kind of charmingness which is very much essential in poetry appear. So this bhāvika is one of the charming alaṃkāras.

Example of the bhāvika-alaṃkāra:—

adyaivā’yaṃ pralayajaladhistyaktavelo’pyavela madyāpyeṣa bhramati parito bhūpatirmānasiṃhaḥ |
itthaṃ kīrttikṣitipa! bhavato jaitrayātrāntarāle bhūyobhūyaḥ prasarati satāṃ tyaktavādaḥ pravādaḥ ||

“Today the sea at the time of deluge has crossed the shore even it is without shore. Even now this king Māna Siṃha is roaming on all sides. Thus of the famous king! behind your victorious expedition this type of hear say of virtuous men is spreaded again and again”.

Notes: In this verse the death of Māna Siṃha is a past event and the crossing of the shore by the sea at the time of deluge is a future event. The direct vision of these two events are described by the poet with apt language, and this description brings charmingness to connoisseurs. So this is an example of bhāvika.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhavika in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Bhāvika (भाविक) refers to “emotional” or “pertaining to or originating from the emotions”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 19.1. Cf. Māgha 4.33. Malli explains the word [bhāvika] as uddīghaka [?]

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhāvīka (भावीक).—a (bhāva Faith.) Believing, trusting, confiding.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhāvika (भाविक).—a Believing trusting.

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bhāvīka (भावीक).—a Believing trusting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhavika (भविक).—a. (- f.)

1) Beneficial, suitable, useful.

2) Happy, prosperous.

3) Righteous, pious.

-kam Prosperity, welfare.

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Bhāvika (भाविक).—a. (- f.) [भावेन निर्वृत्तं ठक् (bhāvena nirvṛttaṃ ṭhak)]

1) Natural, real, inherent, innate.

2) Sentimental, pervaded by a feeling or sentiment; विभावितभाविकस्फुटरसमृशाभ्यक्ता वैतालिकै- र्जगिरे गिरः (vibhāvitabhāvikasphuṭarasamṛśābhyaktā vaitālikai- rjagire giraḥ) N.19.1; Śi.4.33.

3) Future.

-kaḥ An equation involving the products of unknown quantities.

-kam 1 Language full of love or passion.

2) (In Rhet.) A figure of speech which consists in describing the past or future so vividly that it appears to be actually present. It is thus defined by Mammaṭa; प्रत्यक्षा इव यद्भावाः क्रियन्ते भूतभाविनः । तद् भाविकम् (pratyakṣā iva yadbhāvāḥ kriyante bhūtabhāvinaḥ | tad bhāvikam) K. P.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhavika (भविक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Prosperous, happy, welfaring. 2. Beneficial. n.

(-kaṃ) Prosperity, welfare. E. bhava being, (for well being,) and ṭhan aff.

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Bhāvika (भाविक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) 1. Natural, innate. 2. Sentimental, relating to feeling, &c. 3. Future. n.

(-kaṃ) A figure of rhetoric, describing the past or future as present. E. bhāva and ṭhak aff.; or bhū to be, causal v., ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhavika (भविक).—[adjective] benevolent, pious.

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Bhāvika (भाविक).—[feminine] ī real, actual; sentimental, expressive; [neuter] lively expression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhavika (भविक):—[from bhava] mfn. well-meaning, righteous, pious, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

2) [v.s. ...] happy, well, right, prosperous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. a salutary state, prosperity, happiness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Bhāvika (भाविक):—[from bhāva] mf(ī)n. actually being or existing, real, natural, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

5) [v.s. ...] full of feeling or sentiment, expressive, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

6) [v.s. ...] future, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] n. language full of feeling or passion (= bhāvuka), [Pratāparudrīya]

8) [v.s. ...] a figure of speech which consists in describing the past or future so vividly that it appears to be present, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Kāvyaprakāśa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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