Bhavabhuti, Bhavabhūti, Bhava-bhuti: 14 definitions


Bhavabhuti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bhavabhuti in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—In the field of drama, the best among Kālidāsa’s successors is undoubtedly Bhavabhūti alias Śrīkaṇṭha sumamed Udumbara. He was born of Nīlakaṇṭha and Jātukarṇī at Padamapura in Vidarbba (Barar). Bhavabhūti was the fifth in descent from one Mahākavi, who performed the Vājapeya sacrifice and was the grand-son of Bhaṭṭagopāla. Jñānanidhi was the name of his Guru.

The Mahāvīracarita in seven acts depicts the earlier life of Rāma, while the Uttararāmacarita deals with the story of Uttarakāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa. The Mālatīmādhava treats of the love between Mādhava and Mālatī. His style is rugged and his works abound in descriptive passages and long compounds out of proportion; yet one must admit that he remains unsurpassed when he treats of pathos.

Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) who has occupied a dignified position in Sanskrit literature, is the author of the Mālatīmādhava. He is a famous Sanskrit dramatist next to Kālidāsa. Bhavabhūti has given considerable information about his ancestors in the prologues of his plays viz., the Mahāvīracarita and the Mālatīmādhava. From this information it can be known that Bhavabhūti’s ancestors were Brāḥmaṇas of the Taittirīya branch of the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda. They belonged to the kāśyapa gotra. They were very pious Brāḥmaṇas who observed vratas, performed Vedic sacrifices like the vājapeya and maintained the sacred fires.

In the Mālatīmādhava Bhavabhūti is described as Śrīkaṇṭha-pada-lāñcana. Jagaddhara, a commentator of Mālatīmādhava opined that Bhavabhūti was the poet’s real name; Śrīkaṇṭha being a title conferred on him on account of the presence of Śrī the goddesses of speech in his throat. The word lāñcana in Sanskrit was used to denote a title. V. V. Mirashi in his book, has stated that several commentators have taken Śrīkaṇṭha to be the real name of the poet on the analogy of Nīlakaṇṭha, the name of his father. The commentator Vīrarāghava on the Mahāvīracarita and the Uttararāmacarita said that Śrīkaṇṭha was the proper name and Bhavabhūti was the title. The commentator Tripurāri, on the Mālatīmādhava held the same view.

Bhavabhūti belonged to south India and in this regard definite information is found in the Mālatīmādhava which showed clearly that Padmapura was the birth place of Bhavabhūti and it was situated in Vidarbha.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Bhavabhuti in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (e.g., Bhavabhūti).

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhavabhuti in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—A Sanskrit poet who lived in the 7th century A.D. His important works are the three dramas, Mālatīmādhava, Mahāvīracarita and Uttararāmacarita. Bhavabhūti was a brahmin of the Kaśyapagotra. He was the son of one Nīlakaṇṭha and one Jātukarṇī. He was a great devotee of Śiva and he got his name Bhavabhūti later because of this. His original name was Nīlakaṇṭha. Bhavabhūti was born in Padmapura in the state of Vidarbha. But Bhavabhūti spent most of his life in the palace of Yaśodharmā, king of Kannauj.

Bhavabhūti’s first drama is believed to be Mahāvīracarita. There are seven acts in this. The theme is based on the story of Śrī Rāma. But there are some variations from the original Rāmāyaṇa in this drama. Bhavabhūti states that even at the time of the svayaṃvara of Sītā, Rāvaṇa was a suitor. There is an opinion among certain critics that Bhavabhūti did write only up to the 46th verse in the fourth act and the rest was written by another poet named Subrahmaṇya. (See full article at Story of Bhavabhūti from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhavabhuti in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) (born about 680 CE) wrote the Mālatīmādhava and Śrīparvata was especially linked, at least in the popular imagination, with these proto-Kaulas. Bhavabhūti’s Mālatīmādhava speaks of a woman styled Yoginī, who performed the Kāpālikavrata at the Śrīparvata and illustrates the vrata by the horrible activities of Aghoraghaṇṭa and his female disciple Kapālakuṇḍalā, who are represented as coming from the Śrīparvata and staying near the mahāśmaśāna (at Padmāvatī in the Gwalior State) containing a temple of Cāmuṇḍā to whom they were going to offer the girl Mālatī in sacrifice.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: South Asian Arts

Ranked by Indian tradition close to Kālidāsa himself, Bhavabhūti (early 8th century) was the author of three plays, two of which are based on the Rāmāyaṇa story.

  1. The Mahāvīracarita (“The Exploits of the Great Hero”) treats of Rāma's battle with Rāvaṇa
  2. and the Uttararāmacarita (“The Later Deeds of Rāma”) treats of the life of Rāma after he has abandoned Sītā.

Bhavabhūti lacks the elegance and grace of Kālidāsa but is more pensive—even brooding—than his predecessor. His style is also very forceful. His prakaraṇa Mālatī-Mādhava (“Mālatī and Mādhava”) is a complex love intrigue intermingled with sorcery and Tantric practices, including a human sacrifice and much violence.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhavabhuti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—Name of a celebrated poet (see App.II.); भवभूतेः संबन्धाद् भूधरभूरेव भारती भाति । एतत्कृतकारुण्ये किमन्यथा रोदिति ग्रावा (bhavabhūteḥ saṃbandhād bhūdharabhūreva bhāratī bhāti | etatkṛtakāruṇye kimanyathā roditi grāvā) || Āryā. S.36. (-f.) welfare, prosperity.

Derivable forms: bhavabhūtiḥ (भवभूतिः).

Bhavabhūti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhava and bhūti (भूति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—m.

(-tiḥ) The author of Malati Madhava and other dramas. E. bhava the world, bhūti increase, in wisdom, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—[feminine] welfare, [masculine] [Name] of a poet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Homanirṇaya [tantric]

2) Bhavabhūti (भवभूति):—son of Nīlakaṇṭha and Jātūkarṇī, grandson of Bhaṭṭa Gopāla of Padmapura. He was a contemporary of Vākpatirāja and lived under Yaśovarman. Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 144. Verses of his are quoted by Kṣemendra, in Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa, Bhojaprabandha, Śp. p. 63, [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Padyāvalī. He wrote: Uttararāmacarita. Mahāvīracarita. Mālatīmādhava.

3) Bhavabhūti (भवभूति):—(most probably a nom de plume for Rāmakṛṣṇa), son of Tirumala, grandson of Veṅkaṭādri, great grandson of Jagannātha: Uttaracarita. Hz. Extr. 69.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhavabhūti (भवभूति):—[=bhava-bhūti] [from bhava] f. welfare, prosperity, [Agni-purāṇa; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a celebrated poet (who lived in the 8th century A.D., author of the 3 dramas Mālatīmādhava, Mahā-vīra-carita or Vīra-carita, and Uttararāma-carita; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 499]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhavabhūti (भवभूति):—[bhava-bhūti] (tiḥ) 2. m. A dramatic author of some eminence.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhavabhuti in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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