Bhavabhuti, Bhavabhūti, Bhava-bhuti: 10 definitions
Bhavabhuti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—In the field of drama, the best among Kālidāsa’s successors is undoubtedly Bhavabhūti alias Śrīkaṇṭha sumamed Udumbara. He was born of Nīlakaṇṭha and Jātukarṇī at Padamapura in Vidarbba (Barar). Bhavabhūti was the fifth in descent from one Mahākavi, who performed the Vājapeya sacrifice and was the grand-son of Bhaṭṭagopāla. Jñānanidhi was the name of his Guru.
The Mahāvīracarita in seven acts depicts the earlier life of Rāma, while the Uttararāmacarita deals with the story of Uttarakāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa. The Mālatīmādhava treats of the love between Mādhava and Mālatī. His style is rugged and his works abound in descriptive passages and long compounds out of proportion; yet one must admit that he remains unsurpassed when he treats of pathos.Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) who has occupied a dignified position in Sanskrit literature, is the author of the Mālatīmādhava. He is a famous Sanskrit dramatist next to Kālidāsa. Bhavabhūti has given considerable information about his ancestors in the prologues of his plays viz., the Mahāvīracarita and the Mālatīmādhava. From this information it can be known that Bhavabhūti’s ancestors were Brāḥmaṇas of the Taittirīya branch of the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda. They belonged to the kāśyapa gotra. They were very pious Brāḥmaṇas who observed vratas, performed Vedic sacrifices like the vājapeya and maintained the sacred fires.
In the Mālatīmādhava Bhavabhūti is described as Śrīkaṇṭha-pada-lāñcana. Jagaddhara, a commentator of Mālatīmādhava opined that Bhavabhūti was the poet’s real name; Śrīkaṇṭha being a title conferred on him on account of the presence of Śrī the goddesses of speech in his throat. The word lāñcana in Sanskrit was used to denote a title. V. V. Mirashi in his book, has stated that several commentators have taken Śrīkaṇṭha to be the real name of the poet on the analogy of Nīlakaṇṭha, the name of his father. The commentator Vīrarāghava on the Mahāvīracarita and the Uttararāmacarita said that Śrīkaṇṭha was the proper name and Bhavabhūti was the title. The commentator Tripurāri, on the Mālatīmādhava held the same view.
Bhavabhūti belonged to south India and in this regard definite information is found in the Mālatīmādhava which showed clearly that Padmapura was the birth place of Bhavabhūti and it was situated in Vidarbha.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (eg., Bhavabhūti).
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—A Sanskrit poet who lived in the 7th century A.D. His important works are the three dramas, Mālatīmādhava, Mahāvīracarita and Uttararāmacarita. Bhavabhūti was a brahmin of the Kaśyapagotra. He was the son of one Nīlakaṇṭha and one Jātukarṇī. He was a great devotee of Śiva and he got his name Bhavabhūti later because of this. His original name was Nīlakaṇṭha. Bhavabhūti was born in Padmapura in the state of Vidarbha. But Bhavabhūti spent most of his life in the palace of Yaśodharmā, king of Kannauj.
Bhavabhūti’s first drama is believed to be Mahāvīracarita. There are seven acts in this. The theme is based on the story of Śrī Rāma. But there are some variations from the original Rāmāyaṇa in this drama. Bhavabhūti states that even at the time of the svayaṃvara of Sītā, Rāvaṇa was a suitor. There is an opinion among certain critics that Bhavabhūti did write only up to the 46th verse in the fourth act and the rest was written by another poet named Subrahmaṇya. (See full article at Story of Bhavabhūti from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geogprahySource: academic.ru: South Asian Arts
Ranked by Indian tradition close to Kālidāsa himself, Bhavabhūti (early 8th century) was the author of three plays, two of which are based on the Rāmāyaṇa story.
- The Mahāvīracarita (“The Exploits of the Great Hero”) treats of Rāma's battle with Rāvaṇa
- and the Uttararāmacarita (“The Later Deeds of Rāma”) treats of the life of Rāma after he has abandoned Sītā.
Bhavabhūti lacks the elegance and grace of Kālidāsa but is more pensive—even brooding—than his predecessor. His style is also very forceful. His prakaraṇa Mālatī-Mādhava (“Mālatī and Mādhava”) is a complex love intrigue intermingled with sorcery and Tantric practices, including a human sacrifice and much violence.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—Name of a celebrated poet (see App.II.); भवभूतेः संबन्धाद् भूधरभूरेव भारती भाति । एतत्कृतकारुण्ये किमन्यथा रोदिति ग्रावा (bhavabhūteḥ saṃbandhād bhūdharabhūreva bhāratī bhāti | etatkṛtakāruṇye kimanyathā roditi grāvā) || Āryā. S.36. (-f.) welfare, prosperity.
Derivable forms: bhavabhūtiḥ (भवभूतिः).
Bhavabhūti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhava and bhūti (भूति).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tiḥ) The author of Malati Madhava and other dramas. E. bhava the world, bhūti increase, in wisdom, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhavabhūti (भवभूति).—[feminine] welfare, [masculine] [Name] of a poet.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bhavabhūti (भवभूति):—[=bhava-bhūti] [from bhava] f. welfare, prosperity, [Agni-purāṇa; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a celebrated poet (who lived in the 8th century A.D., author of the 3 dramas Mālatīmādhava, Mahā-vīra-carita or Vīra-carita, and Uttararāma-carita; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 499]).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+19): Bhugarbha, Bhutigarbha, Malatimadhava, Uttararamacarita, Jatukarni, Uttararamacaritra, Mahakavi, Shrikantha, Mahaviracarita, Bhumigarbha, Viracarita, Viracaritra, Padmapura, Nilakantha, Karnakagomin, Jnananidhi, Bhatta gopala, Bhattagopala, Shrikanthapadalanchana, Homanirnaya.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Bhavabhuti, Bhavabhūti, Bhava-bhuti, Bhava-bhūti; (plurals include: Bhavabhutis, Bhavabhūtis, bhutis, bhūtis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Part 6 - The Nāṭyaśāstra: The Text and its Commentators < [Introduction, part 1]
Part 2 - The Ancient Indian Theory of Drama < [Introduction, part 1]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Sarvajñātma Muni (a.d. 900) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 7 - Examination of language from literary perspectives < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]