Bhasman: 7 definitions


Bhasman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Bhasman (भस्मन्) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.

All these manifestations of Śiva (eg., Bhasman) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhasman (भस्मन्) or Bhasmamaya refers to “ash”, representing the material of the liṅga of the Yogins, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] the Goddesses (Devī) took the liṅgas of butter; the Yogins took liṅgas of the ash (Bhasman-liṅga); the Yakṣas took liṅgas of curd and the deity Chāyā took a liṅga of beaten flour. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhasman (भस्मन्).—n. [bhas-manin]

1) Ashes; (kalpate) ध्रुवं चिताभस्मरजो विशुद्धये (dhruvaṃ citābhasmarajo viśuddhaye) Ku.5.79.

2) Sacred ashes (smeared on the body); महादेवोऽथ तद्भस्म मनोभवशरीरजम् । आदाय सर्व- गात्रेषु भूतिलेपं तदाकरोत् (mahādevo'tha tadbhasma manobhavaśarīrajam | ādāya sarva- gātreṣu bhūtilepaṃ tadākarot) || Kālikā P. (bhasmani hu 'to sacrifice in ashes', i. e. to do a useless work).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhasman (भस्मन्).—n. (-sma) 1. Ashes. 2. Holy ashes. E. bhas to shine, Unadi aff. manin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhasman (भस्मन्).— (cf. bhasita), n. Ashes, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 163.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhasman (भस्मन्).—[adjective] chewing, devouring. [neuter] (also [plural]) ashes, [ablative] bhasmatas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhasman (भस्मन्):—[from bhas] a mfn. chewing, devouring, consuming, pulverizing, [Ṛg-veda v, 19, 5; x, 115, 2]

2) [v.s. ...] n. (also [plural]) ‘what is pulverized a or calcined by fire’, ashes, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (yuṣmābhir bhasma bhakṣayitavyam, ‘you shall have ashes to eat’ id est. ‘you shall get nothing’ [Hitopadeśa]; mani-huta. mfn. ‘sacrificed in a°’ id est. ‘useless’ [Pāṇini 2-1, 47 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

3) [v.s. ...] n. sacred ashes (smeared on the body; cf. bhasma-dhāraṇa).

4) b etc. See above.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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