Bharya, Bhāryā, Bhārya: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bharya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhāryā (भार्या).—Wife. Bhīṣma points out the sanctified importance of Bhāryā (wife) as follows:—

Without her even the palace will prove itself to be just a forest. She will be a great support (to the husband) in the matter of dharma (duty) artha (wealth) and Kāma (enjoyment of material comforts). (These three precede the ultimate state of Mokṣa (salvation) and the wife will be a great support in fulfilling the conditions during the first three stages.) While on tour in foreign places she will remain faithful to him and instil confidence in him. Bhāryā is great wealth to man.

In his forlorn life on earth the wife is of great help to man. To him, who is suffering from diseases and is otherwise in distress there is no remedy (medicine) like a good wife. There is no relative like a wife. In the matter of practising dharma there is no other support to match the wife. If one has no good wife to take care of domestic affairs one will be driven to the forest; the home will be like a forest. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 144).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhāryā (भार्या) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Bhārya forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Bhāryā] and Vīras are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhāryā (भार्या).—f (S) A wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhāryā (भार्या).—f A wife, the wife of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य).—a. [mṛ-ṇyat] To be supported or cherished.

-ryaḥ 1 A servant, a dependant (to be supported); स हैवालं भार्येम्यो भवति (sa haivālaṃ bhāryemyo bhavati) Bṛ. Up.1.3.18.

2) A mercenary, soldier; P.III.1.112 (com.).

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Bhāryā (भार्या).—[bhartuṃ yogyā]

1) A lawful wife; सा भार्या या गृहे दक्षा सा भार्या या प्रजावती । सा भार्या या पतिप्राणा सा भार्या या पतिव्रता (sā bhāryā yā gṛhe dakṣā sā bhāryā yā prajāvatī | sā bhāryā yā patiprāṇā sā bhāryā yā pativratā) || H.1.196.

2) The female of an animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य) or Bhāryya.—m.

(-ryaḥ) A servant.

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Bhāryā (भार्या) or Bhāryyā.—f.

(-ryā) A wife, espoused according to the ritual of the Vedas. E. bhṛ to nourish, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या).—properly ptcple. fut. pass. of bhṛ, f. A wife, [Pañcatantra] 137, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य).—[adjective] to be supported or maintained. [masculine] servant, soldier; [feminine] bhāryā wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhārya (भार्य):—mfn. (√bhṛ) to be borne or supported or cherished or nourished or maintained, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

2) m. one supported by or dependent on another, a servant, [ib.]

3) a mercenary, soldier, [Pāṇini 3-1, 112 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) Bhāryā (भार्या):—[from bhārya] a f. See below.

5) [from bhārya] b f. (f. of bhārya) a wife (or the female of an animal), [Brāhmaṇa]; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या):—(ryyā) 1. f. A wife.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bharya (भर्य):—[Harivaṃśa 8831] fehlerhaft für bhārya, wie die neuere Ausg. hat.

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Bhārya (भार्य):—(von 1. bhar)

1) adj. zu tragen; zu hegen, zu pflegen. zu ernähren: jeder der von einem Andern seinen Lebensunterhalt empfängt, Diener, familiaris: tasmātsaṃvatsa.aṃ bhā.yaḥ praiva jāyate [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 5, 2, 5.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 3, 2. 18.] bhartā bhāryaṃ nānubudhyate [4, 7. 4. 6, 7, 21. 10, 3, 5, 9.] tayorduhitaro bhāryāḥ (so die neuere Ausg.) [Harivaṃśa 8831.] anagnaṃbhāvukā ha hotuśca yajamānasya ca bhāryā bhavanti [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 29.] Vgl. nīvi . —

2) m. Söldling. Soldat: bhāryā nāma kṣatriyāḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 112.] [Scholiast] —

3) f. ā Gattin [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26. 20.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6. 1. 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 513.] [Hārāvalī 145.] [Halāyudha 2, 339.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14,6, 7, 1. 7, 3, 1.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 8, 24. 25, 4, 35.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 16. 5, 9.] yasya bhāryā vā dāsī vā pradrāviṇī bhavati [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 89. 141.] bhāryāyā bharaṇādbhartā [Mahābhārata 1, 4199.] udvaheta dvijo bhāryāṃ savarṇām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 4. 7. 77. 6, 3.] tisraḥ kṛtvā purā bhāryāḥ paścādvindeta vrāhmaṇīm . sā jyeṣṭhā [Mahābhārata 13, 2530.] tasmai pradāsyati . svakāṃ duhitaraṃ bhāryām [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 8, 25.] bhāryā putraśca dāsaśca traya evādhanāḥ smṛtāḥ [Spr. 2038. 1373. 4658. fgg. 5150.] [Śākuntala 90, 22.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 333.] guru des Lehrers [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 131. 9, 120.] bhāryāsauśruta so v. a. ein Sauśruta, der unter dem Pantoffel seines Weibes steht. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 69,] [Scholiast] bhāryāpatī du. Mann und Frau gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 519.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 72, 9.] sabhārya adj. [Spr. 2040.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 55.] das Weibchen eines Thieres: tadbhāryā (d. i. kūrmasya bhā) ca dulī smṛtā [Halāyudha 3, 34.]

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Bhārya (भार्य):—

1) sabhāryasvajanāpatya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 86, 43.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bharya (भर्य):—[Harivaṃśa 8331] fehlerhaft für bhārya.

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Bhārya (भार्य):——

1) Adj. — a) zu tragen. — b) zu hegen , zu pflegen , zu ernähren.

2) m. — a) ein von einem Andern seinen Lebensunterhalt Erhaltender , Diener , familiaris. — b) Söldling , Soldat.

3) f. ā Gattin. Auch von einem Thierweibchen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या):—(nf) wife, better half; ~[tva] wifehood.

context information

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