Bharya, Bhāryā, Bhārya: 19 definitions


Bharya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhāryā (भार्या).—Wife. Bhīṣma points out the sanctified importance of Bhāryā (wife) as follows:—

Without her even the palace will prove itself to be just a forest. She will be a great support (to the husband) in the matter of dharma (duty) artha (wealth) and Kāma (enjoyment of material comforts). (These three precede the ultimate state of Mokṣa (salvation) and the wife will be a great support in fulfilling the conditions during the first three stages.) While on tour in foreign places she will remain faithful to him and instil confidence in him. Bhāryā is great wealth to man.

In his forlorn life on earth the wife is of great help to man. To him, who is suffering from diseases and is otherwise in distress there is no remedy (medicine) like a good wife. There is no relative like a wife. In the matter of practising dharma there is no other support to match the wife. If one has no good wife to take care of domestic affairs one will be driven to the forest; the home will be like a forest. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 144).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhāryā (भार्या) refers to “one’s wife”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.18 (“Gaṇeśa crowned as the chief of Gaṇas”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Whoever hears this narrative auspiciously with pure mind shall have everything auspicious and be the abode of auspiciousness. The childless will get a son, the indigent wealth; the seeker of a wife will get a wife (bhāryā) and the seeker of issues will get children. The sick will regain health; the miserable will have good fortune. The sonless, impoverished, banished wife will be reunited with her husband. [...]”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhāryā (भार्या) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Bhārya forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Bhāryā] and Vīras are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bhāryā (भार्या) refers to “one’s wife”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “[...] The place where suffering and happiness are experienced is the inner body; the place where one does not experience suffering and happiness is outer body. One’s own body (svakāya) and the organs (indriya), eye (cakṣus), etc., are inner body; one’s wife (bhāryā), son (putra), wealth (dhana), fields (kṣetra), house (gṛha) and other utilized objects are outer body. How is that? Since material dharmas (rūpadharma) are all [objects] of mindfulness of the body (kāya-smṛtyupasthāna). [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bhāryā (भार्या) refers to “wives”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then the Bodhisattva Apāyajaha addressed himself to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pacify three evil existences’. [...] Then, the rain of gifts, such as flowers, garlands, incenses, unguents, aromatic powers, religious robes, parasols, banners, pennons, five kinds of musical instruments, songs, male servants, female servants, wives (bhāryā), boys, girls, female attendants, horses, elephants, [...] poured down from the open space. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhāryā (भार्या) refers to the “wife”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here [in the cycle of rebirth] a king becomes an insect and an insect becomes the chief of the gods. An embodied soul might wander about, tricked by [their] karma without being able to help it. For corporeal [souls] the mother becomes the daughter, the sister, even the wife (bhāryā). The father, moreover, becomes the son and he obtains the paternal home”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhāryā (भार्या).—f (S) A wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhāryā (भार्या).—f A wife, the wife of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य).—a. [mṛ-ṇyat] To be supported or cherished.

-ryaḥ 1 A servant, a dependant (to be supported); स हैवालं भार्येम्यो भवति (sa haivālaṃ bhāryemyo bhavati) Bṛ. Up.1.3.18.

2) A mercenary, soldier; P.III.1.112 (com.).

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Bhāryā (भार्या).—[bhartuṃ yogyā]

1) A lawful wife; सा भार्या या गृहे दक्षा सा भार्या या प्रजावती । सा भार्या या पतिप्राणा सा भार्या या पतिव्रता (sā bhāryā yā gṛhe dakṣā sā bhāryā yā prajāvatī | sā bhāryā yā patiprāṇā sā bhāryā yā pativratā) || H.1.196.

2) The female of an animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य) or Bhāryya.—m.

(-ryaḥ) A servant.

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Bhāryā (भार्या) or Bhāryyā.—f.

(-ryā) A wife, espoused according to the ritual of the Vedas. E. bhṛ to nourish, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या).—properly ptcple. fut. pass. of bhṛ, f. A wife, [Pañcatantra] 137, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhārya (भार्य).—[adjective] to be supported or maintained. [masculine] servant, soldier; [feminine] bhāryā wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhārya (भार्य):—mfn. (√bhṛ) to be borne or supported or cherished or nourished or maintained, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

2) m. one supported by or dependent on another, a servant, [ib.]

3) a mercenary, soldier, [Pāṇini 3-1, 112 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) Bhāryā (भार्या):—[from bhārya] a f. See below.

5) [from bhārya] b f. (f. of bhārya) a wife (or the female of an animal), [Brāhmaṇa]; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या):—(ryyā) 1. f. A wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhāryā (भार्या) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhajjā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bharya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhāryā (भार्या):—(nf) wife, better half; ~[tva] wifehood.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhārya (ಭಾರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is to be borne, supported, cherished, nourished or maintained; a dependent.

2) [noun] a soldier; a mercenary.

3) [noun] a measure or capacity equal to one fourth of a koḷaga or sixteenth part of a drōṇa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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